Carbomycin Carbonaceous

Carbon

Meanings and phrases

carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an abundant nonmetallic tetravalent element occurring in three allotropic forms: amorphous carbon and graphite and diamond; occurs in all organic compounds; C; atomic number 6
  2. a copy made with carbon paper; carbon copy
  3. a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper; carbon paper

activated carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. powdered or granular carbon used for purifying by adsorption; given orally (as a slurry) it is an antidote for some kinds of poisons; activated charcoal
E.g.
  • The metal is supported on activated carbon in order to maximize its surface area and activity.
  • He was able to extend the life of activated carbon at least 7 times by using a microbial process.
  • Advancements in the 1970s have seen activated carbon used in extracting gold from the leach solution.

carbon 14

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a radioactive isotope of carbon; radiocarbon

carbon arc

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. has carbon electrodes; carbon arc lamp

carbon arc lamp

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. has carbon electrodes; carbon arc

carbon atom

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an atom of carbon
E.g.
  • The two sp orbitals project on opposite sides of the carbon atom.
  • Each carbon atom in the hexagonal cycle has four electrons to share.
  • The bond length between the carbon atom and the oxygen atom is 112.8 pm.

carbon black

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a black colloidal substance consisting wholly or principally of amorphous carbon and used to make pigments and ink; lampblack; soot; smut; crock
E.g.
  • For example, carbon black increases absorption of the laser beam.
  • The bike was finished in pearl shock red/pearl ice white or metallic aviation grey/metallic carbon black livery.
  • The machine gained lighter wheels and pearl shock red/metallic carbon black or pearl ice white/metallic carbon black liveries were offered.

carbon copy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a copy made with carbon paper; carbon

carbon cycle

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the organic circulation of carbon from the atmosphere into organisms and back again
  2. a thermonuclear reaction in the interior of stars
E.g.
  • As such it is an important sink in the carbon cycle.
  • The paths of carbon in the environment form the carbon cycle.
  • He is known for his work in understanding the carbon cycle in plants.

carbon dating

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chemical analysis used to determine the age of organic materials based on their content of the radioisotope carbon-14; believed to be reliable up to 40,000 years; radiocarbon dating; carbon-14 dating

carbon dichloride

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. anthelmintic agent used against hookworm and other nematodes; tetrachlorethylene; tetrachloroethylene; ethylene tetrachloride

carbon dioxide

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a heavy odorless colorless gas formed during respiration and by the decomposition of organic substances; absorbed from the air by plants in photosynthesis; CO2; carbonic acid gas
E.g.
  • These include nitrate, sulfate, and carbon dioxide.
  • China is the world's largest carbon dioxide emitter.
  • After this, it can be metabolized to carbon dioxide.

carbon dioxide acidosis

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. acidosis resulting from reduced gas exchange in the lungs (as in emphysema or pneumonia); excess carbon dioxide combines with water to form carbonic acid which increases the acidity of the blood; respiratory acidosis

carbon disulfide

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a toxic colorless flammable liquid (CS2); used in the manufacture of rayon and cellophane and carbon tetrachloride and as a solvent for rubber

carbon monoxide

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon; carbon monoxide gas; CO
E.g.
  • The other common oxide is carbon monoxide (CO).
  • Solid carbon monoxide is a component of comets.
  • Halley's Comet is about 15% carbon monoxide.

carbon monoxide gas

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an odorless very poisonous gas that is a product of incomplete combustion of carbon; carbon monoxide; CO
n.
  1. a toxic condition that results from inhaling and absorbing carbon monoxide gas
E.g.
  • Too much carbon monoxide causes carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • He committed suicide in 1993, dying of carbon monoxide poisoning.
  • A well known monoxide is carbon monoxide; see carbon monoxide poisoning.

carbon nanotube

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a fullerene molecule having a cylindrical or toroidal shape; nanotube
E.g.
  • The carbon nanotube is an example of a quantum wire.
  • This nanotube was grown inside a multi-walled carbon nanotube.
  • NIST RM 8281 is a mixture of three lengths of single-wall carbon nanotube.

carbon paper

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a thin paper coated on one side with a dark waxy substance (often containing carbon); used to transfer characters from the original to an under sheet of paper; carbon

carbon process

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a process of printing on paper coated with bichromated gelatin containing pigment

carbon steel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. steel whose characteristics are determined by the amount of carbon it contains
E.g.
  • Chisels are made of high carbon steel.
  • It can form alloys with iron, of which the most common is carbon steel.
  • Carburization can be used to increase the surface hardness of low carbon steel.

carbon tet

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a colorless nonflammable liquid used as a solvent for fats and oils; because of its toxicity its use as a cleaning fluid or fire extinguisher has declined; carbon tetrachloride; tetrachloromethane; perchloromethane

carbon tetrachloride

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a colorless nonflammable liquid used as a solvent for fats and oils; because of its toxicity its use as a cleaning fluid or fire extinguisher has declined; carbon tet; tetrachloromethane; perchloromethane

carbon tetrahalide

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. compounds composed of 1 carbon and 4 halogen molecules

carbon emissions

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • National carbon emissions are self-declared.
  • Nonetheless, in 2014 carbon emissions had declined again.
  • He opposed the Obama administration's efforts to reduce carbon emissions.

carbon fiber

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Monofins can be made of glass fiber or carbon fiber.
  • A typical modern carbon fiber frame can weighs less than .
  • It also supports a new optional carbon fiber weave top cover.

carbon fibre

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The aircraft is made from carbon fibre composites.
  • They built the first carbon fibre stay cable bridge.
  • Bodywork features extensive use of carbon fibre.

carbon atoms

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Heptose A heptose is a monosaccharide with seven carbon atoms.
  • : The applications of alkanes depend on the number of carbon atoms.
  • The compound has two chiral centers, at the carbon atoms C14 and C85.

carbon nanotubes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • ISO/TS 10798 is also valid for multiwall carbon nanotubes.
  • Gold nanoparticles or carbon nanotubes are the most likely candidate.
  • Cylindrical fullerenes are also called carbon nanotubes or buckytubes.

carbon footprint

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • HARBEC has a goal of "no carbon footprint by 2015".
  • USDA offers a tool called COMET-Farm that estimates a farm's carbon footprint.
  • Cicilline has expressed concern about the Providence metropolitan area's carbon footprint.
E.g.
  • However capturing carbon dioxide emissions is generally not economically viable.
  • In 2016 world gross carbon dioxide emissions from coal usage were 14.5 giga tonnes.
  • In 2006, U.S. carbon dioxide emissions, largely from fossil fuel combustion, were estimated at nearly .

carbon tax

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The carbon tax is expected to raise $3 billion annually by 2018.
  • Scheer has described his opposition to a federally-imposed carbon tax.
  • The plan includes an economy-wide carbon tax starting in 2017 and a cap on emissions from the oil sands.

organic carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The Branco River has pH 6–7 and low levels of dissolved organic carbon.
  • If any of these processes occur, the organic carbon is released back into the system.
  • Radiocarbon dating is used for geologically young materials containing organic carbon.

carbon capture

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • carbon capture and storage, bioenergy and offshore wind power.
  • Another long-term option is carbon capture directly from the air using hydroxides.
  • Furthermore, they seek to construct at least one full-scale carbon capture demonstration plant by 2020.

low carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Due to the low carbon content maraging steels have good machinability.
  • Carburization can be used to increase the surface hardness of low carbon steel.
  • The vast majority of weld nuts are manufactured in low carbon steel or stainless steel.

such as carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Some elements, such as carbon or silicon, may be considered ceramics.
  • Fire detection and fire suppression systems, such as carbon dioxide, may be installed.
  • As many other common gases are not flammable (such as carbon dioxide, nitrogen, and argon, etc.

atmospheric carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • As such, of atmospheric carbon dioxide contains carbon-14.
  • Increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide means increase in global temperature.
  • This event could have led to a draw down of atmospheric carbon dioxide of up to 470 ppm.

carbon neutral

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The company also claims to be 100% carbon neutral.
  • Formula 1 has launched a plan to become carbon neutral by 2030.
  • Maersk set a goal in December 2018 to be carbon neutral by 2050.

carbon content

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Due to the low carbon content maraging steels have good machinability.
  • The hardness, yield stress and shear stress increase with the carbon content in TaC.
  • A carbon raiser is added to increase the carbon content of the steel to the specified level.

reduce carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • He opposed the Obama administration's efforts to reduce carbon emissions.
  • She also writes about America’s reluctance in the global efforts to reduce carbon emissions.
  • Because pig iron could be melted, people began to develop processes to reduce carbon in liquid pig iron to create steel.
E.g.
  • As such, of atmospheric carbon dioxide contains carbon-14.
  • Increase in atmospheric carbon dioxide means increase in global temperature.
  • This event could have led to a draw down of atmospheric carbon dioxide of up to 470 ppm.

carbon sequestration

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Also, agricultural carbon sequestration is not possible yet.
  • These removals are typically referred to as carbon sequestration.
  • Another proposed form of carbon sequestration in the ocean is direct injection.

amount of carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Therefore, the amount of carbon on Earth is effectively constant.
  • This is much more than the amount of carbon in the oceans or atmosphere (below).
  • The amount of carbon dioxide varies naturally in a dynamic equilibrium with photosynthesis of land plants.

carbon source

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In particular, cAMP is low when glucose is the carbon source.
  • The most popular carbon source that is used to produce graphene is methane gas.
  • Researchers have also suggested using biomass as a carbon source for fuel production.

carbon fixation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Almost all Brassicaceae have C3 carbon fixation.
  • These include Crassulacean acid metabolism, carbon fixation, and pyrenoids.
  • The data will be used to determine the approximate carbon fixation rate of Costa Rican forests.

more carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Large diatoms require more carbon uptake than smaller diatoms.
  • The more carbon atoms there are in any fatty acid, the longer its chain will be.
  • Coal liquefaction emits more carbon dioxide than liquid fuel production from crude oil.

black carbon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • the effects are: Another albedo-related effect on the climate is from black carbon particles.
  • The fossils of the Burgess Shale are preserved as black carbon films on black shales, and so are difficult to photograph; however, various photographic techniques can improve the quality of the images that can be acquired.
  • The size of this effect is difficult to quantify: the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change estimates that the global mean radiative forcing for black carbon aerosols from fossil fuels is +0.2 W m, with a range +0.1 to +0.4 W m. Black carbon is a bigger cause of the melting of the polar ice cap in the Arctic than carbon dioxide due to its effect on the albedo.
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