Celioscopy Cell-free

Cell

Meanings and phrases

cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any small compartment
  2. (biology) the basic structural and functional unit of all organisms; they may exist as independent units of life (as in monads) or may form colonies or tissues as in higher plants and animals
  3. a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction; electric cell
  4. a small unit serving as part of or as the nucleus of a larger political movement; cadre
  5. small room in which a monk or nun lives; cubicle
  6. a room where a prisoner is kept; jail cell; prison cell
  7. a hand-held mobile radiotelephone for use in an area divided into small sections, each with its own short-range transmitter/receiver; cellular telephone; cellular phone; cellphone; mobile phone

B cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a lymphocyte derived from bone marrow that provides humoral immunity; it recognizes free antigen molecules in solution and matures into plasma cells that secrete immunoglobulin (antibodies) that inactivate the antigens; B lymphocyte

CD4 T cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells; helper T cells are infected and killed by the AIDS virus; helper T cell; helper cell; CD4 cell

CD4 cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells; helper T cells are infected and killed by the AIDS virus; helper T cell; helper cell; CD4 T cell

CD8 T cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it; killer T cell; killer cell; cytotoxic T cell; CD8 cell

CD8 cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it; killer T cell; killer cell; cytotoxic T cell; CD8 T cell

Clark cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of voltaic cell once used as a standard for electromotive force; Clark standard cell

Clark standard cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of voltaic cell once used as a standard for electromotive force; Clark cell

Golgi cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter; Golgi's cell

Golgi 's cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a neuron in the cerebral cortex with short dendrites and with either a long axon or a short axon that ramifies in the grey matter; Golgi cell

Kerr cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. optical device consisting of a transparent cell with two electrodes between two polarizing media; passes light only if the two planes of polarization are parallel; used as a high-speed shutter or to modulate a laser beam

Kupffer 's cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. specialized cells in the liver that destroy bacteria, foreign proteins, and worn-out blood cells

Leclanche cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. voltaic cell that produces approximately 1.5 volts

Leydig cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell in the testes that secretes the hormone testosterone; Leydig's cell

Leydig 's cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell in the testes that secretes the hormone testosterone; Leydig cell

Purkinje cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a large densely branching neuron that is the characteristic cell of the cerebellar cortex

Schwann cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any cell that covers the nerve fibers in the peripheral nervous system and forms the myelin sheath

Sertoli cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. elongated cells found in the seminiferous tubules of the testis; apparently they nourish the spermatids; Sertoli's cell

Sertoli 's cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. elongated cells found in the seminiferous tubules of the testis; apparently they nourish the spermatids; Sertoli cell

T cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a small lymphocyte developed in the thymus; it orchestrates the immune system's response to infected or malignant cells; T lymphocyte

Weston cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a standard voltaic cell (trademark Weston); cadmium cell

adipose cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. cells composed of fat; fat cell

air cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a tiny sac for holding air in the lungs; formed by the terminal dilation of tiny air passageways; alveolus; air sac

auxiliary cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist cell responsible for logistics; usually large and less compartmentalized than other terrorist cells

beta cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that produces insulin in the isles of Langerhans in the pancreas

blood cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. either of two types of cells (erythrocytes and leukocytes) and sometimes including platelets; blood corpuscle; corpuscle
E.g.
  • White blood cell count is usually elevated.
  • Any white blood cell count higher than this constitutes pleocytosis.
  • The survivors were later found to have very low white blood cell counts.

bone cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that is part of a bone

bone-forming cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell from which bone develops; osteoblast

brain cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a nerve cell in the brain

cadmium cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a standard voltaic cell (trademark Weston); Weston cell

cancer cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that is part of a malignant tumor
E.g.
  • It induces apoptosis in some cancer cell lines.
  • Ceramide influences cancer cell survival, growth and death.
  • This B7-H3 protein is expressed on cancer cell for several types of cancer.

caspase-mediated cell death

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival; apoptosis; programmed cell death

cell death

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (physiology) the normal degeneration and death of living cells (as in various epithelial cells); necrobiosis
E.g.
  • Protein denaturation is also a consequence of cell death.
  • This leads to a form of programmed cell death called apoptosis.
  • DCC induces cell death on epithelial cells when no netrin-1 is bound.

cell division

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the process in reproduction and growth by which a cell divides to form daughter cells; cellular division
E.g.
  • Reproduction occurs exclusively through cell division.
  • The centrioles can self replicate during cell division.
  • All act in the same way during cell division.

cell doctrine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms; proposed in 1838 by Matthias Schleiden and by Theodor Schwann; cell theory

cell membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell; cytomembrane; plasma membrane
E.g.
  • They pass through the cell membrane 7 times.
  • Around the outside of the cell membrane is the bacterial cell wall.
  • The cell membrane of neurons covers the axons, cell body, dendrites, etc.

cell nucleus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a part of the cell containing DNA and RNA and responsible for growth and reproduction; nucleus; karyon
E.g.
  • The cell nucleus is a key feature of the soma.
  • They are found in the cell nucleus.
  • (Organisms of the Archaea and Bacteria domain have no cell nucleus.)

cell organ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; organelle; cell organelle

cell organelle

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a specialized part of a cell; analogous to an organ; organelle; cell organ

cell phone

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
v.
  1. call up by using a cellular phone
E.g.
  • Very little cell phone service along the entire route.
  • He did not carry a cell phone and had no support team.
  • Brea also swipes a cell phone and calls Carl for help.

cell theory

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (biology) the theory that cells form the fundamental structural and functional units of all living organisms; proposed in 1838 by Matthias Schleiden and by Theodor Schwann; cell doctrine

cell wall

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a rigid layer of polysaccharides enclosing the membrane of plant and prokaryotic cells; maintains the shape of the cell and serves as a protective barrier
E.g.
  • This functions to increase cell wall extensibility.
  • In bacteria, the cell wall is composed of peptidoglycan.
  • Fungi use a chitin-glucan-protein cell wall.

collar cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of the flagellated cells in sponges having a collar of cytoplasm around the flagellum; they maintain a flow of water through the body; choanocyte

columnar cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an epithelial cell that is shaped like a column; some have cilia; columnar epithelial cell
n.
  1. an epithelial cell that is shaped like a column; some have cilia; columnar cell

cone cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a visual receptor cell in the retina that is sensitive to bright light and to color; cone; retinal cone

cuboidal cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an epithelial cell that shaped like a cube; cuboidal epithelial cell
n.
  1. an epithelial cell that shaped like a cube; cuboidal cell

cytotoxic T cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it; killer T cell; killer cell; CD8 T cell; CD8 cell

daughter cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell formed by the division or budding of another cell

detention cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a large cell where prisoners (people awaiting trial or sentence or refugees or illegal immigrants) are confined together temporarily; bullpen; detention centre

dry cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a small Leclanche cell containing no free liquid; the electrolyte is a paste and the negative zinc pole forms the container of the cell; used in flashlights, portable radios, etc.

egg cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the female reproductive cell; the female gamete; ovum

electric cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a device that delivers an electric current as the result of a chemical reaction; cell
n.
  1. a cell containing an electrolyte in which an applied voltage causes a reaction to occur that would not occur otherwise (such as the breakdown of water into hydrogen and oxygen)

embryonic cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell of an embryo; formative cell

epidermal cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of the cells making up the epidermis

epithelial cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. one of the closely packed cells forming the epithelium

fat cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. cells composed of fat; adipose cell
n.
  1. any cell or one-celled organism equipped with a flagellum

flame cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. organ of excretion in flatworms

formative cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell of an embryo; embryonic cell

fuel cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. cell that produces electricity by oxidation of fuel (hydrogen and oxygen or zinc and air); often used in electric cars
E.g.
  • William Grove produced the first fuel cell in 1839.
  • This was the first commercial use of a fuel cell.
  • This became known as the "Grubb-Niedrach fuel cell".

galvanic cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an electric cell that generates an electromotive force by an irreversible conversion of chemical to electrical energy; cannot be recharged; voltaic cell; primary cell

ganglion cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a nerve cell whose body is outside the central nervous system; gangliocyte

germ cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a spermatozoon or an ovum; a cell responsible for transmitting DNA to the next generation; reproductive cell; sex cell
E.g.
  • The germ cell will then divide into many sporocytes.
  • The gene has also been found in other germ cell tumors.
  • One exception is testicular germ cell cancer which occurs at a higher rate in DS.

glial cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell of the neuroglia; neurogliacyte; neuroglial cell

goblet cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an epithelial cell that secretes mucous

gustatory cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an epithelial cell in a taste bud that activates sensory fibers of the facial nerve or the glossopharyngeal nerve or the vagus nerve; taste cell

hair cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a sensory epithelial cell present in the organ of Corti

helper T cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells; helper T cells are infected and killed by the AIDS virus; helper cell; CD4 T cell; CD4 cell

helper cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD4 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and secretes lymphokines that stimulate B cells and killer T cells; helper T cells are infected and killed by the AIDS virus; helper T cell; CD4 T cell; CD4 cell

hematopoeitic stem cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. blood forming stem cells in the bone marrow; T cells and B cells arise from these stem cells

holding cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a jail in a courthouse where accused persons can be confined during a trial
n.
  1. a terrorist cell whose members are trained to perform reconnaissance and surveillance
n.
  1. pneumonia occurring in infants or in persons with impaired immune systems (as AIDS victims); pneumocytosis; pneumocystis pneumonia; pneumocystis carinii pneumonia

jail cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a room where a prisoner is kept; cell; prison cell
E.g.
  • He is surprised to be put in a jail cell naked.
  • What was it like to be in a jail cell?
  • Albert was restrained in a jail cell with 20 Baluchi tribesmen.

killer T cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it; killer cell; cytotoxic T cell; CD8 T cell; CD8 cell

killer cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. T cell with CD8 receptor that recognizes antigens on the surface of a virus-infected cell and binds to the infected cell and kill it; killer T cell; cytotoxic T cell; CD8 T cell; CD8 cell

lymph cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agranulocytic leukocyte that normally makes up a quarter of the white blood cell count but increases in the presence of infection; lymphocyte

mast cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a large connective tissue cell that contains histamine and heparin and serotonin which are released in allergic reactions or in response to injury or inflammation; mastocyte; labrocyte
E.g.
  • Dual-action medications are both mast cell stabilizers and antihistamines.
  • Nedocromil is another mast cell stabilizer that also works in controlling asthma.
  • It also has a role in mast cell activation through the high-affinity IgE receptor.

mercury cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a primary cell consisting of a zinc anode and a cathode of mercury oxide and an electrolyte of potassium hydroxide

mother cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. cell from which another cell of an organism (usually of a different sort) develops

muscle cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an elongated contractile cell that forms the muscles of the body; muscle fiber; muscle fibre
E.g.
  • neuron, bone cell, skin cell, muscle cell, etc.).
  • This suggests that there may be some interaction between the two in determining muscle cell differentiation.
  • So far the physics engine Gepetto has been built and models of the neural connectome and a muscle cell have been created in the NeuroML format.

neoplastic cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that is part of tumor

nerve cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that is specialized to conduct nerve impulses; neuron

neuroglial cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell of the neuroglia; neurogliacyte; glial cell

oat cell carcinoma

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. highly malignant carcinoma composed of small round or egg-shaped cells with little cytoplasm; lung cancers are frequently oat cell carcinomas; small cell carcinoma
n.
  1. a terrorist cell that performs clandestine activities

packed cell volume

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the ratio of the volume occupied by packed red blood cells to the volume of the whole blood as measured by a hematocrit; hematocrit; haematocrit
n.
  1. a stage in meiosis or mitosis
n.
  1. a transducer used to detect and measure light and other radiations; photoelectric cell; photocell; electric eye; magic eye
n.
  1. a transducer used to detect and measure light and other radiations; photoconductive cell; photocell; electric eye; magic eye
n.
  1. a cell that converts solar energy into electrical energy; solar cell

plant cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that is a structural and functional unit of a plant
E.g.
  • Only when the plant cell is ruptured by cutting, chewing, etc.
  • The plant cell cytoskeleton is reorganized around the arbuscules.
  • Chloroplasts are one of many types of organelles in the plant cell.

plasma cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that develops from a B lymphocyte in reaction to a specific antigen; found in bone marrow and sometimes in the blood; plasmacyte

prickle cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell in the germinal layer of the skin (the prickle-cell layer); has many spines and radiating processes

primary cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an electric cell that generates an electromotive force by an irreversible conversion of chemical to electrical energy; cannot be recharged; voltaic cell; galvanic cell

prison cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a room where a prisoner is kept; cell; jail cell
E.g.
  • The Wolf is depicted as a prisoner in his prison cell.
  • He then kills Marius and sets the prison cell on fire.
  • 3 (15): Robert wakes up to find himself in a prison cell.
n.
  1. a type of cell death in which the cell uses specialized cellular machinery to kill itself; a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number and eliminate cells that threaten the animal's survival; apoptosis; caspase-mediated cell death
E.g.
  • This leads to a form of programmed cell death called apoptosis.
  • Also 27 studies reported that bile acids cause programmed cell death (apoptosis).
  • For many years, neither "apoptosis" nor "programmed cell death" was a highly cited term.

radical cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell of terrorists (usually 3 to 5 members); terrorist cell

red blood cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mature blood cell that contains hemoglobin to carry oxygen to the bodily tissues; a biconcave disc that has no nucleus; RBC; erythrocyte
E.g.
  • Trenbolone acetate also has the ability to increase red blood cell count.
  • The oxygen affinity with hemoglobin on red blood cell surfaces enhances this bonding ability.
  • In those with glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency, red blood cell breakdown may occur.
n.
  1. a spermatozoon or an ovum; a cell responsible for transmitting DNA to the next generation; germ cell; sex cell

rod cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a visual receptor cell that is sensitive to dim light; rod; retinal rod

scavenger cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that engulfs and digests debris and invading microorganisms; phagocyte

secondary cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that can be recharged; storage cell

selenium cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a photoelectric cell that uses a strip of selenium

sex cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a spermatozoon or an ovum; a cell responsible for transmitting DNA to the next generation; reproductive cell; germ cell

sickle cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an abnormal red blood cell that has a crescent shape and an abnormal form of hemoglobin
E.g.
  • It contains 60 singers who suffer with the sickle cell disease or who have close friends or family suffering from it.
  • For example, referring to the sickle cell anemia model, the deleted phenotypes do persist if the heterozygote has an advantage over its associated homozygotes.
  • Patients with this disease experience some of the symptoms of sickle cell anemia, including mild-moderate anemia, increased risk of infection, and painful sickling crises.

skin cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of the cells making up the skin

sleeper cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell of sleepers
n.
  1. highly malignant carcinoma composed of small round or egg-shaped cells with little cytoplasm; lung cancers are frequently oat cell carcinomas; oat cell carcinoma

smooth muscle cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. cells of the smooth muscles

solar cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that converts solar energy into electrical energy; photovoltaic cell
E.g.
  • The highest PCE for organic solar cell achieved so far is 11%.
  • In 1954, the first modern solar cell was invented at Bell Laboratories.
  • Layering thin-film cells to create a multi-junction solar cell can also be done.

somatic cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; vegetative cell
n.
  1. moving a cell nucleus and its genetic material from one cell to another; somatic cell nuclear transplantation; SCNT; nuclear transplantation
n.
  1. moving a cell nucleus and its genetic material from one cell to another; somatic cell nuclear transfer; SCNT; nuclear transplantation

sperm cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the male reproductive cell; the male gamete; sperm; spermatozoon; spermatozoan

spore mother cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. cell from which a spore develops

squamous cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an epithelial cell that is flat like a plate and form a single layer of epithelial tissue
E.g.
  • squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma).
  • Sunscreen is effective and thus recommended for preventing melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • In January 2019, Roshan had been diagnosed with early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the throat.
n.
  1. the most common form of skin cancer; cancroid
E.g.
  • squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma).
  • Sunscreen is effective and thus recommended for preventing melanoma and squamous cell carcinoma.
  • In January 2019, Roshan had been diagnosed with early-stage squamous cell carcinoma of the throat.

standard cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a primary cell used as a standard of electromotive force

stem cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an undifferentiated cell whose daughter cells may differentiate into other cell types (such as blood cells)
E.g.
  • Future treatments may include stem cell therapy.
  • It has been observed following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • He supports federal funding for research on pre-existing embryonic stem cell lines.

storage cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell that can be recharged; secondary cell

striated muscle cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an elongated contractile cell in striated muscle tissue; striated muscle fiber

target cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any cell that has a specific receptor for an antigen or antibody or hormone or drug, or is the focus of contact by a virus or phagocyte or nerve fiber etc.
  2. an abnormal red blood cell with the appearance of a dark ring surrounding a dark center; associated with anemia
E.g.
  • Gn and Gc spikes attach to β integrins and co-receptors on the target cell surface.
  • The neurotransmitter binds to receptor molecules in the membrane of the target cell.
  • The two outer capsid proteins, VP2 and VP5, mediate attachment and penetration of BTV into the target cell.

taste cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an epithelial cell in a taste bud that activates sensory fibers of the facial nerve or the glossopharyngeal nerve or the vagus nerve; gustatory cell

terrorist cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cell of terrorists (usually 3 to 5 members); radical cell

unit cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the smallest group of atoms or molecules whose repetition at regular intervals in three dimensions produces the lattices of a crystal
E.g.
  • Each side of the unit cell is 3.57 angstroms in length.
  • The unit cell contains six formula units.
  • Eight more boron atoms connect the icosahedra to the other elements in the unit cell.

vegetative cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of the cells of a plant or animal except the reproductive cells; a cell that does not participate in the production of gametes; somatic cell

visual cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. one of the cells of the retina that is sensitive to light

voltaic cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an electric cell that generates an electromotive force by an irreversible conversion of chemical to electrical energy; cannot be recharged; galvanic cell; primary cell

wet cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a primary voltaic cell having a liquid electrolyte

white blood cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system; leukocyte; leucocyte; white cell; white blood corpuscle; white corpuscle; WBC
E.g.
  • Any white blood cell count higher than this constitutes pleocytosis.
  • The survivors were later found to have very low white blood cell counts.
  • This skin eruption is often accompanied by a fever, muscle aches, nausea, and an elevated white blood cell count.

white cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. blood cells that engulf and digest bacteria and fungi; an important part of the body's defense system; leukocyte; leucocyte; white blood cell; white blood corpuscle; white corpuscle; WBC

cell cycle

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It is a relatively short period of the cell cycle.
  • This occurs during the S phase of the cell cycle.
  • That leads to late blockage of G1/S cell cycle.

host cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This species polymerizes host cell actin.
  • The virus exits the host cell by tubule-guided viral movement.
  • The translated protein stays in the cytoplasm of the host cell.

cell phones

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • With the advent of cell phones, the call boxes saw limited use.
  • He characterizes the first as "a show done totally on cell phones."
  • Sierra released a Flying Toaster video game for cell phones in 2006.

cell types

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The ratios of these three cell types were 1:1:6.
  • Four cell types are described in the SVZ: 1.
  • Polarization sensitivity occurred mostly in the UV cell types.

cell surface

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It forms the fibrillar matrix on the bacterial cell surface.
  • The stable class II MHC is then presented on the cell surface.
  • They form siliceous plates on the cell surface that aid in identification.

cell lines

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Mutation analysis is done from fibroblast cell lines.
  • It induces apoptosis in some cancer cell lines.
  • Similar cell lines include buffalo green monkey kidney and BS-C-1.

cell growth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • S6K1 is a key regulator of cell growth and also phosphorylates other important targets.
  • A cancerous cell growth often accompanies with deregulation of Cyclin D-Cdk 4/6 activity.
  • Trifluridine is incorporated into DNA during DNA synthesis and inhibits tumor cell growth.
E.g.
  • This enzymes can for example play a role in cell proliferation.
  • During metamorphosis, cell proliferation, differentiation, and migration occur.
  • These factors are essential for coordinating early patterns of cell proliferation.

cell research

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Heller supported embryonic stem cell research and categorized himself as pro-choice.
  • He supports adult stem cell research but opposes human embryonic stem cell research.

cell carcinoma

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • squamous cell carcinoma and basal cell carcinoma).
  • There is little evidence that it is effective in preventing basal cell carcinoma.

stem cell research

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Heller supported embryonic stem cell research and categorized himself as pro-choice.
  • He supports adult stem cell research but opposes human embryonic stem cell research.

cell walls

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Link proved that cells had independent cell walls.
  • True fungi do not have cellulose in their cell walls.
  • The lysozyme enzyme can also damage bacterial cell walls.

cell biology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Cell nucleus In cell biology, the nucleus (pl.
  • The study of cells is called cell biology, cellular biology, or cytology.
  • He specialized in cytogenetics, cell biology, gynecology, and obstetrics.

each cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The length of each cell can vary from 10 to 21 mm.
  • Then they lay in each cell a single egg.
  • There is a black spot found closer to each cell in each wing.

cell line

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • BEnd.3 bEnd.3 is a mouse brain cell line derived from BALB/c mice.
  • caused by abnormalities in the eosinophil cell line; b) Secondary, i.e.
  • VG-1 VG-1 is a B cell line which was derived from primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) .

cell membranes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • (3) Lytic allelochemicals target external cell membranes of other protists.
  • Diamphotoxin increases the permeability of cell membranes of red blood cells.
  • The lipids in the viral membrane are unselectively acquired from host cell membranes.

cell culture

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It inhibits the replication of DNA in cell culture.
  • In 1987 the phospholipids were found to be potent toxins on leukemic cell culture.
  • In 1985, De Clercq and Holý described the activity of PMPA against HIV in cell culture.

single cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Up to 80 "E. polistis" will hatch out of a single cell.
  • They typically occur as a single cell.
  • The single cell of an "Ostreococcus" measures only 0.8 μm across.

cell adhesion

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Nectins are a distinct family of cell adhesion molecules.
  • It is an antibody to EpCAM (epithelial cell adhesion molecule).
  • This interaction like cell to cell adhesion is dependent on calcium ions.

within the cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The new flow of electrons generates electricity within the cell.
  • Vacuoles, like vesicles, are membrane-bound sacs within the cell .
  • These synthesise collagen within the cell, and then secrete collagen fibrils.

cell type

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Control of these Cdks vary depending cell type and stage of development.
  • This means that previous purification needs to be done for mixed cell type sample.
  • Each cell type is defined by which genes are characteristically active in that cell type.

cell migration

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Lower concentration affects microtubule dynamics and cell migration.
  • Under-agarose cell migration assay may be used to measure chemotaxis and chemokinesis.
  • Rac and Cdc42 are involved in filopodium formation crucial for movement and cell migration.

bacterial cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The lysozyme enzyme can also damage bacterial cell walls.
  • It forms the fibrillar matrix on the bacterial cell surface.
  • Around the outside of the cell membrane is the bacterial cell wall.

programmed cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This leads to a form of programmed cell death called apoptosis.
  • Also 27 studies reported that bile acids cause programmed cell death (apoptosis).
  • For many years, neither "apoptosis" nor "programmed cell death" was a highly cited term.
E.g.
  • By so doing it induces cell differentiation and apoptosis and prevents the development of drug resistance.
  • This suggests that there may be some interaction between the two in determining muscle cell differentiation.
  • The retinoic acid receptors (RARs) regulate cell differentiation and proliferation whereas RXRs regulate apoptosis.

cell signaling

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • These molecules are important regulators of cell signaling.
  • This asymmetric organization is important for cell functions such as cell signaling.
  • These cell signaling molecules regulate inflammation and facilitate the healing process.

cell lung

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • An increase in expression has been linked to small cell lung cancer.
  • It has been used off-label for non-small cell lung cancer and breast cancer.
  • PTK7 is expressed by many tumors, including ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer.
E.g.
  • He supports federal funding for research on pre-existing embryonic stem cell lines.
  • Heller supported embryonic stem cell research and categorized himself as pro-choice.
  • He supports adult stem cell research but opposes human embryonic stem cell research.

cell body

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The cell membrane of neurons covers the axons, cell body, dendrites, etc.
  • Unipolar and pseudounipolar cells have only one process extending from the cell body.
  • Bipolar neurons have one axon and one dendritic tree at opposing ends of the cell body.

eukaryotic cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It is, in essence, the transportation system of the eukaryotic cell.
  • The eukaryotic cell seems to have evolved from a symbiotic community of prokaryotic cells.
  • The progress of the eukaryotic cell through the cycle is controlled by cell cycle checkpoints.

cell count

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • White blood cell count is usually elevated.
  • Any white blood cell count higher than this constitutes pleocytosis.
  • Trenbolone acetate also has the ability to increase red blood cell count.

tumor cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Such reactions may protect against tumor cell engraftment by eliminating implanted cells.
  • Trifluridine is incorporated into DNA during DNA synthesis and inhibits tumor cell growth.
  • One common way to solve this is to use thymidine kinase negative (TK−) tumor cell lines for the fusion.

per cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Only one endospore is formed per cell.
  • A MHz response could be achieved with two pentodes and six diodes per cell.

small cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • An increase in expression has been linked to small cell lung cancer.
  • Reeves says – The English monks were Benedictines and founded a small cell on Mahee Island.
  • Against the old church of St Mary he built a small cell five feet long and two and a half feet deep.

cell survival

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The transport of Na and K is important for cell survival.
  • Ceramide influences cancer cell survival, growth and death.
  • Akt also activates IKKα, which leads to NF-κB activation and cell survival.

other cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Its function in proximal tubular epithelial cells and other cell types is less clear.
  • As in all other cell types, CNG channels in OSNs also allow Na to flow into the cell.
  • Hershel starts to show signs of recovery, and is conscious after Rick returns from the other cell block.

cell cultures

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This insect was the first used in the successful development of continuous insect cell cultures.
  • However cell cultures are often hindered by various factors especially if cell culture continues long-term.
  • However, the Auger dose with 77BrdC disrupted the herpes-specific gene in several transformed cell cultures.

cell block

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The National Trust have operated the remaining cell block as a museum since 1972.
  • The location of timber annex to western (north) cell block is discernible in a 1948 plan.
  • After the war the cell block was used as a storage facility for the Victorian Police force.
E.g.
  • It has been observed following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is sometimes used in severe cases of NMO.
  • Islet cell transplantation has the possibility of restoring beta cells and curing diabetes.

cell lung cancer

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • An increase in expression has been linked to small cell lung cancer.
  • It has been used off-label for non-small cell lung cancer and breast cancer.
  • PTK7 is expressed by many tumors, including ovarian cancer, breast cancer, and non-small cell lung cancer.

inside the cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The algae live inside the cell, in the cytoplasm.
  • Austin and Rock had a stare down inside the cell and traded blows.
  • Others possess a single flagellum that is kept inside the cell wall.

cancer cell lines

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It induces apoptosis in some cancer cell lines.
  • Increased expression of ABCG2 is found in different drug resistant cancer cell lines and tumor tissues.
  • Subsequent studies showed that these molecules exhibited favorable cellular uptake and cytotoxicity in human ovarian cancer cell lines.

renal cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Cryoablation has similar outcomes to radiofrequency ablation when treating renal cell carcinoma.
  • The technique has also been validated for lung cancer, for colorectal carcinoma, for lung cancer and for renal cell carcinoma.
  • Two phase II clinical trials were started investigating ZD6126 in metastatic renal cell carcinoma and metastatic colorectal cancer.

different cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • They are found in various regions of the brain in different cell types, such as neurons and astrocytes.
  • ATM defines two different cell formats: user–network interface (UNI) and network–network interface (NNI).
  • Because of epigenetic features, different cell types grown within the same medium can retain very different properties.

cell bodies

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The other kinds of nerve crossings never contain synapses of cell bodies of neurons.
  • Ganglion A ganglion is a group of neuron cell bodies in the peripheral nervous system.
  • A pseudoganglion looks like a ganglion, but only has nerve fibers and has no nerve cell bodies.

cell therapy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Future treatments may include stem cell therapy.
  • She travelled to England in 1973 to receive cell therapy treatment for her failing eyesight and hearing.
  • It can also be adopted for WAT transplantation applications and aid other approaches to WAT-based cell therapy.
E.g.
  • It is suggested that EcpR1 connects stress adaptation and cell cycle progression.
  • It was found that rapamycin inhibited cellular proliferation and cell cycle progression.
  • Instead, they primarily tune the timing of E2F increase, thereby modulating the pace of cell cycle progression.

cell disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It contains 60 singers who suffer with the sickle cell disease or who have close friends or family suffering from it.
  • Helen Margaret Ranney was the first female president of Association of American Physicians, and her landmark research established one of the earliest links between genetic factors and sickle cell disease.

such as cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This asymmetric organization is important for cell functions such as cell signaling.
  • Newer devices such as cell phones or watches can be used to display and/or collect the information.
  • Studies show that factors such as cell number and size of various nuclei in the hypothalamus may impact ones sexual orientation.

during cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The centrioles can self replicate during cell division.
  • All act in the same way during cell division.
  • The antibody isotype of a B cell changes during cell development and activation.

through the cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • They pass through the cell membrane 7 times.
  • The structure of chromosomes varies through the cell cycle.
  • Microinjection is where DNA is injected through the cell's nuclear envelope directly into the nucleus.

same cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Once replication is complete, it does not occur again in the same cell cycle.
  • The protozoa can display polymorphism, or multiple physical forms of the same cell.
  • Jennifer is shown recordings of victims who were tortured in the same cell, as well as records of her interviews.
E.g.
  • It is also thought to play a role in endochondral bone formation, tumor biology, endothelial cell proliferation and blood vessel formation.

angle of cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Hindwing with vein 3 from close to angle of cell.
  • A yellow patch is found at lower angle of cell.
  • Veins 5 arise from above lower angle of cell.
E.g.
  • It has been observed following hematopoietic stem cell transplantation.
  • Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is sometimes used in severe cases of NMO.
  • In haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, "in vivo" TCD suppressed lymphocytes early on.

blood cell count

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • White blood cell count is usually elevated.
  • Any white blood cell count higher than this constitutes pleocytosis.
  • Trenbolone acetate also has the ability to increase red blood cell count.

involved in cell

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Both p16INK4a and p14ARF are involved in cell cycle regulation.
  • VPA primarily targets HDAC class I enzymes that are involved in cell proliferation and tumorigenesis.
  • This region encodes Smc proteins that are involved in cell cycle control, cell division and chromosome separation.

cell receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • An antigen binds the highly variable immunoreceptor products (B cell receptor or T cell receptor) once these have been generated.
  • The invariant T cell receptor of the iNKT cell is able to bind the CD1d:glycolipid complex leading to iNKT cell activation in both mice and humans.

cell is achieved

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Entry into the host cell is achieved by adsorption into the host cell.
  • Entry into the host cell is achieved by penetration into the host cell.
E.g.
  • It contains 60 singers who suffer with the sickle cell disease or who have close friends or family suffering from it.
  • Helen Margaret Ranney was the first female president of Association of American Physicians, and her landmark research established one of the earliest links between genetic factors and sickle cell disease.

cell size

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The Molarity Model considers the constraints of cell size.
  • Each node then has a predefined fixed cell size (radio range).
  • However, some of users may set upper threshold to unlimited for cell size.
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