Chahta Chain-smoke

Chain

Meanings and phrases

Chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979); Ernst Boris Chain; Sir Ernst Boris Chain

chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a series of things depending on each other as if linked together; concatenation
  2. (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule); chemical chain
  3. a series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament
  4. (business) a number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership
  5. anything that acts as a restraint
  6. a unit of length
  7. a linked or connected series of objects
  8. a necklace made by a stringing objects together; string; strand
  9. a series of hills or mountains; range; mountain range; range of mountains; mountain chain; chain of mountains

chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
v.
  1. connect or arrange into a chain by linking
  2. fasten or secure with chains

Alpine golden chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum; Scotch laburnum; Laburnum alpinum

Ernst Boris Chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979); Chain; Sir Ernst Boris Chain

Gunter 's chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a unit of length (22 yards)

Markoff chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Markov process for which the parameter is discrete time values; Markov chain

Markov chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Markov process for which the parameter is discrete time values; Markoff chain

Pennine Chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a system of hills in Britain that extend from the Scottish border in the north to the Trent River in the south; forms the watershed for English rivers; Pennines

Sir Ernst Boris Chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British biochemist (born in Germany) who isolated and purified penicillin, which had been discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming (1906-1979); Chain; Ernst Boris Chain

Virginia chain fern

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. North American fern; Woodwardia virginica

anchor chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the chain or rope that attaches an anchor to a vessel; anchor rope

apparel chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain of clothing stores

ball and chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. heavy iron ball attached to a prisoner by a chain

bicycle chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain that transmits the power from the pedals to the rear wheel of a bicycle

branched chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an open chain of atoms with one or more side chains attached to it
n.
  1. an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood; maple syrup urine disease

chain armor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Middle Ages) flexible armor made of interlinked metal rings; chain mail; ring mail; mail; chain armour; ring armor; ring armour

chain armour

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Middle Ages) flexible armor made of interlinked metal rings; chain mail; ring mail; mail; chain armor; ring armor; ring armour

chain fern

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a fern of the genus Woodwardia having the sori in chainlike rows

chain gang

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a gang of convicts chained together

chain letter

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a letter that is sent successively to several people

chain lightning

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of lightning that moves rapidly in a zigzag path with one end divided (fork-like); forked lightning

chain mail

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Middle Ages) flexible armor made of interlinked metal rings; ring mail; mail; chain armor; chain armour; ring armor; ring armour

chain of mountains

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a series of hills or mountains; range; mountain range; range of mountains; chain; mountain chain

chain pickerel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. common in quiet waters of eastern United States; chain pike; Esox niger

chain pike

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. common in quiet waters of eastern United States; chain pickerel; Esox niger

chain printer

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an impact printer that carries the type slugs by links of a revolving chain

chain reaction

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a series of chemical reactions in which the product of one is a reactant in the next
  2. a self-sustaining nuclear reaction; a series of nuclear fissions in which neutrons released by splitting one atom leads to the splitting of others
E.g.
  • They had been unable to sustain a chain reaction.
  • The explosion causes a chain reaction, which fells tree after tree.
  • This kind of chain reaction can capsize a bulk carrier very quickly.

chain reactor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a nuclear reactor that uses controlled nuclear fission to generate energy; atomic pile; atomic reactor; pile

chain saw

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. portable power saw; teeth linked to form an endless chain; chainsaw

chain stitch

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the most basic of all crochet stitches made by pulling a loop of yarn through another loop
  2. a looped stitch resembling the links of a chain; used in embroidery and in sewing

chain store

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. one of a chain of retail stores under the same management and selling the same merchandise

chain tongs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a pipe wrench used for turning large pipes; an adjustable chain circles the pipe with its ends connected to the head whose teeth engage the pipe

chain up

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
v.
  1. tie up with chains

chain wrench

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. another name for chain tongs

chemical chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule); chain

closed chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) a chain of atoms in a molecule that forms a closed loop; ring

daisy chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (figurative) a series of associated things or people or experiences
  2. flower chain consisting of a string of daisies linked by their stems; worn by students on class day at some schools

discount chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain of discount stores

engineer 's chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a unit of length (100 ft)

flower chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. flowers strung together in a chain

food chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (ecology) a community of organisms where each member is eaten in turn by another member
E.g.
  • Dioxin easily accumulates in the food chain.
  • O'Tacos O'Tacos is a French fast food chain founded in 2007.
  • I solidified my position at the top of the food chain tonight."

golden chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an ornamental shrub or tree of the genus Laburnum; often cultivated for Easter decorations; common laburnum; golden rain; Laburnum anagyroides

long chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) a relatively long chain of atoms in a molecule; long-chain molecule
E.g.
  • the very long chain fatty acids (VLCFA).
  • c-CH is a product of a long chain of carbon chemistry that occurs in the ISM.
  • Deep learning is any artificial neural network that can learn a long chain of causal links.

mountain chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a series of hills or mountains; range; mountain range; range of mountains; chain; chain of mountains
E.g.
  • This mountain is part of the Rif mountain chain.
  • The Phetchabun Mountains are a mountain chain in Khao Kho.
  • All of these islands are in the form of peaks of a submerged mountain chain.

nautical chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a nautical unit of length (15 ft)

open chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain of atoms in a molecule whose ends are not joined to form a ring

paper chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain made of loops of colored paper; used to decorate a room

pull chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain (usually with a handle at the end) that is pulled in order to operate some mechanism (e.g. to flush a toilet)

restaurant chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain of restaurants
E.g.
  • The restaurant chain has several varieties of margaritas and cocktails.
  • The album was named in honor of Waffle House, a southern restaurant chain.
  • In March 2008, Eat became the first restaurant chain to adopt contactless.

retail chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chain of retail stores
E.g.
  • In Japan, it was sold at a specific retail chain called "Galant Shop".
  • Frederik Christiansen (born 1942) was the first CEO of the retail chain.

snow chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. chain attached to wheels to increase traction on ice or snow; tire chain

straight chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an open chain of atoms with no side chains

tire chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. chain attached to wheels to increase traction on ice or snow; snow chain

watch chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. short chain or ribbon attaching a pocket watch to a man's vest; fob; watch guard

supply chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Some have helped Chery establish a local supply chain.
  • more highly processed products) provided by the supply chain.
  • "SCMR" covers analysis and trends in supply chain management.

store chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Shoppers Fair Shoppers Fair was a discount department store chain.
  • French cosmetics store chain Sephora began to stock philosophy in 1998.
  • His first post-grad job was at Montgomery Ward, a department store chain.

supermarket chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Cala Foods acquired the QFI supermarket chain in 1973.
  • In 2001, it was taken over by the supermarket chain Binders.
  • From 1943 to 1964, he was CEO of the family's supermarket chain.

chain of command

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The death of Terzi prevented a change in the chain of command.
  • It applied from highest to lowest alike in the chain of command.
  • On Cortés's return, he found the Aztec army’s chain of command in ruins.

chain of events

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Developments in South Carolina started a chain of events.
  • When VJ turns eleven, a disastrous chain of events begins.
  • This set up a chain of events.

side chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Every N+1 side chain will occupy space on the opposite side of the beta strand.
  • For amino acids with charged side chains, the pKa of the side chain is involved.
  • It inhibits them by covalently binding with a cysteine side chain in those proteins.

hotel chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In 1976, The Haven Hotel was purchased by the hotel chain FJB Hotels.
  • Adina was the first Australian-owned apartment hotel chain in Europe.
  • Grecotel Grecotel Hotels & Resorts is the largest hotel chain in Greece.
E.g.
  • Shoppers Fair Shoppers Fair was a discount department store chain.
  • His first post-grad job was at Montgomery Ward, a department store chain.
  • Hudson Company, was a retail department store chain based in Detroit, Michigan.

value chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • All agents of the food and fiber value chain and those institutions that influence it are part of the agribusiness system.
  • Trukai also opened the country's first hulling mill marking a critical step towards creating a holistic paddy-to-plate value chain.
  • However, there has not been effective engagement from the other sectors in the coffee value chain to improve coffee producers’ remuneration.

chain stores

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • When the new wing was opened in December 2017, 14 chain stores were added.
  • The retail areas contain shops from chain stores up to high-end boutiques.
  • The stores are a mix of chain stores, small independents, fast food outlets and a restaurant.

polymerase chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • DNA can also be amplified using a procedure called the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • Researchers commonly replicate DNA "in vitro" using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • The substance is used in the polymerase chain reaction technique, in sequencing, and in cloning.

chain management

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • "SCMR" covers analysis and trends in supply chain management.
  • In a Supply chain management flow, the finished goods of a supplier can constitute the raw material of a buyer.
  • He speaks on personal motivation and success, entrepreneurship, commercialization, and supply chain management.
E.g.
  • DNA can also be amplified using a procedure called the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • Researchers commonly replicate DNA "in vitro" using the polymerase chain reaction (PCR).
  • The substance is used in the polymerase chain reaction technique, in sequencing, and in cloning.
E.g.
  • "SCMR" covers analysis and trends in supply chain management.
  • He speaks on personal motivation and success, entrepreneurship, commercialization, and supply chain management.
  • It has four core activities: supply chain management, marketing and brand building; EMS; property holding division, and others.

transport chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The electron transport chain oxidizes coenzymes NADH and FADH2.
  • It involves substrate-level phosphorylation in the absence of a respiratory electron transport chain.
  • Four electrons are finally accepted by oxygen in the matrix to complete the electron transport chain.

island chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It caused little impact in the island chain.
  • These people had migrated north along the Caribbean island chain.
  • In ancient times, the island chain was often referred to as "the Fortunate Isles".
E.g.
  • The electron transport chain oxidizes coenzymes NADH and FADH2.
  • It involves substrate-level phosphorylation in the absence of a respiratory electron transport chain.
  • Four electrons are finally accepted by oxygen in the matrix to complete the electron transport chain.

light chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The approximate length of a light chain is 211 to 217 amino acids.
  • The light chain contains the Gla- and EGF-like domains and the aromatic segment.
  • A light chain has two successive domains: one constant domain and one variable domain.

heavy chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The heavy chain contains the protease domain and the activation petide.
  • Each heavy chain has two regions, the "constant region" and the "variable region".
  • This format is specific to the heavy chain part of the constant region in antibodies.

chain based

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Hudson Company, was a retail department store chain based in Detroit, Michigan.
  • is a fast food restaurant chain based in the United Kingdom, established in 2004.
  • BrewDog BrewDog is a multinational brewery and pub chain based in Ellon, Scotland.

chain drive

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Power is transmitted to the road through a five-speed chain drive.
  • Later models used a chain drive.
  • Bogies with flanged wheels were fitted, and power was taken to the wheels by a chain drive to the axles.

fast food chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • O'Tacos O'Tacos is a French fast food chain founded in 2007.
  • Tarantino-invented fast food chain Big Kahuna Burger appears on a billboard.
  • In 2016 an organic farm was restarted on the island by a local fast food chain.

chain rule

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The common notation of chain rule is due to Leibniz.
  • To find the temperature drop per hour, we can apply the chain rule.
  • The chain rule is also valid for Fréchet derivatives in Banach spaces.

main chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The main chain of these Alps at the head of the valley also forms the border with Austria.
  • Polyether generally refers to polymers which contain the ether functional group in their main chain.
  • Ionization of the carbonyl oxygen is stabilized by formation of two hydrogen bonds to adjacent main chain N-hydrogens.

gold chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The Heren XVII presented him with a gold chain and medallion.
  • He travelled to Düsseldorf in 1716 and received a gold chain and medal from Johann Wilhelm, Elector Palatine for his work.
  • On a day, when Dharmadeva comes to take a darshan (viewing) of the lord, he observes that gold chain gifted by him to temple is missing.

polymer chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Plastics are made from synthetic carbon polymers, often with oxygen and nitrogen atoms included at regular intervals in the main polymer chain.
  • The idealized chemical reaction is (where n is the number of monomers in the polymer chain): Trace amount of the PET breaks down to bis(2-hydroxyethyl) terephthalate (BHET).
  • Polymerization of conjugated dienes such as buta-1,3-diene or isoprene (2-methylbuta-1,3-diene) results in largely 1,4-addition with possibly some 1,2-addition of the diene monomer to a growing polymer chain.

human chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Across the hills, the doppelgangers join hands to form a massive human chain.
  • In April 1983, the Greenham women and their supporters created a 14-mile human chain.
  • Demonstrators from France and Germany came to Fessenheim and formed a human chain along the road.

polypeptide chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Another example of post-translational modification is the cleavage of the polypeptide chain.
  • A β-strand is a stretch of polypeptide chain typically 3 to 10 amino acids long with backbone in an extended conformation.
  • This leads to the incorporation of amino acids into the growing polypeptide chain in accordance with the genetic information.

grocery chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Ltd. grocery chain, which in 1949 was taken over by Wilkinson and Co.
  • In 1983, Woolley founded the grocery chain Woolley's Fine Foods with his father in Boca Raton, Florida.
  • Their closing was quickly followed by the closing of the Midtown branch of Wegmans Food Markets, a regional grocery chain.

nuclear chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In principle, berkelium-249 can sustain a nuclear chain reaction in a fast breeder reactor.
  • Thus was born the practical nuclear chain reaction by the mechanism of neutron-induced nuclear fission.
  • Rutherford died too early to see Leó Szilárd's idea of controlled nuclear chain reactions come into being.

respiratory chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • testing for mitochondrial abnormalities, ANT deficiency and decreases of respiratory chain complexes I and IV can also be done.
  • Lactobacilli are unusual in that they can respire oxygen, but have no respiratory chain or cytochromes — the consumed oxygen ultimately ends up as hydrogen peroxide.
  • Testing for mitochondrial abnormalities including adenosine nucleotide transporter deficiency and decreases in the respiratory chain complexes I and IV can also be done.
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