Chemic Chemically

Chemical

Meanings and phrases

chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
adj.
  1. relating to or used in chemistry; chemic
  2. of or made from or using substances produced by or used in reactions involving atomic or molecular changes

chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules; chemical substance

Chemical Mace

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (trademark) a liquid that temporarily disables a person; prepared as an aerosol and sprayed in the face, it irritates the eyes and causes dizziness and immobilization; Mace

Chemical Weapons Convention

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a global treaty banning the production or acquisition or stockpiling or transfer or use of chemical weapons

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. international organization for chemical disarmament; administers the Chemical Weapons Convention; OPCW

chemical action

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved; chemical process; chemical change

chemical agent

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agent that produces chemical reactions

chemical analysis

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the act of decomposing a substance into its constituent elements; qualitative analysis
E.g.
  • There he studied chemical analysis and smelting.
  • They can be analyzed using the tools of chemical analysis, e.g.
  • The on-board lab can perform chemical analysis of those water samples.

chemical attraction

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; affinity

chemical balance

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a beam balance of great precision used in quantitative chemical analysis; analytical balance

chemical bomb

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bomb laden with chemical agents that are released when the bomb explodes; gas bomb

chemical bond

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an electrical force linking atoms; bond
E.g.
  • A chemical bond is an attraction between atoms.
  • This attraction constitutes the chemical bond.
  • Niels Bohr proposed a model of the atom and a model of the chemical bond.

chemical chain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) a series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule); chain

chemical change

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved; chemical process; chemical action

chemical compound

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) a substance formed by chemical union of two or more elements or ingredients in definite proportion by weight; compound
E.g.
  • The oil contains the chemical compound apiole.
  • The pure chemical compound has a melting point between and .
  • Thionazin Thionazin is a chemical compound used in nematicides.
n.
  1. (chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more substances that may differ from each other and from the original substance; decomposition; decomposition reaction

chemical defence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. procedures involved in taking defensive measures against attacks using chemical agents; chemical defense

chemical defense

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. procedures involved in taking defensive measures against attacks using chemical agents; chemical defence

chemical diabetes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mild form of diabetes mellitus in which there are no overt symptoms but there are abnormal responses to some diagnostic procedures; latent diabetes

chemical element

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of the more than 100 known substances (of which 92 occur naturally) that cannot be separated into simpler substances and that singly or in combination constitute all matter; element
E.g.
  • Caesium is the most electropositive chemical element.
  • The atomic number uniquely identifies a chemical element.
  • Helium atom A helium atom is an atom of the chemical element helium.

chemical energy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. that part of the energy in a substance that can be released by a chemical reaction
E.g.
  • Ammonium nitrate has only 85% of the chemical energy of nitroglycerin.
  • The plants also add some chemical energy to the fuel from biological molecules.
  • Lithium borohydride is renowned as one of the highest energy density chemical energy carriers.

chemical engineering

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the branch of engineering that is concerned with the design and construction and operation of the plants and machinery used in industrial chemical processes
  2. the activity of applying chemistry to the solution of practical problems
E.g.
  • Bonython studied chemical engineering at Adelaide University.
  • Its principles are especially important in chemical engineering.
  • Degrees in chemical engineering from the University of Oklahoma.

chemical equilibrium

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chemical reaction and its reverse proceed at equal rates; equilibrium

chemical formula

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements; formula
E.g.
  • Its chemical formula is (sometimes written as MeHg).
  • It is a polyatomic anion with the chemical formula .
  • Note is the chemical formula for nitrous oxide.

chemical group

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) two or more atoms bound together as a single unit and forming part of a molecule; group; radical

chemical industry

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the manufacturers of chemicals considered collectively
E.g.
  • Thanks to coal mining, chemical industry was developed.
  • The Tuzla district was renowned for its chemical industry.
  • The chemical industry will depend on it.

chemical irritant

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a substance producing irritation

chemical mechanism

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the atomic process that occurs during a chemical reaction; mechanism

chemical notation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a notation used by chemists to express technical facts in chemistry

chemical operations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. warfare using chemical agents to kill or injure or incapacitate the enemy; chemical warfare

chemical phenomenon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any natural phenomenon involving chemistry (as changes to atoms or molecules)

chemical plant

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an industrial plant where chemicals are produced
E.g.
  • This shipment was coming from a US chemical plant to the IIBR under a US Department of Commerce license.
  • They also perform functions in the areas of environmental quality control and the operational phase of a chemical plant.
  • In 1965, the Agano River running through Niigata was polluted with methylmercury from the chemical plant of the Showa Electrical Company.

chemical process

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) any process determined by the atomic and molecular composition and structure of the substances involved; chemical change; chemical action
E.g.
  • is a chemical process for the removal of sulfur from a material.
  • Today most blue pigments and dyes are made by a chemical process.
  • The concrete solidifies and hardens through a chemical process called hydration.

chemical property

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a property used to characterize materials in reactions that change their identity

chemical reaction

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) a process in which one or more substances are changed into others; reaction
E.g.
  • membrane filtration with the chemical reaction.
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction
  • Partial oxidation (POX) is a type of chemical reaction.

chemical reactor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an apparatus for holding substances that are undergoing a chemical reaction

chemical science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions; chemistry

chemical substance

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. material produced by or used in a reaction involving changes in atoms or molecules; chemical

chemical terrorism

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. terrorism using the chemical agents of chemical warfare; can undermine the personal security of citizens

chemical warfare

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. warfare using chemical agents to kill or injure or incapacitate the enemy; chemical operations
E.g.
  • It was investigated as a chemical warfare agent starting in 1940.
  • Executive action on BW was followed by congressional action on chemical warfare (CW).
  • On chemical warfare Nixon reaffirmed no-first-use of chemical weapons by the United States.

chemical weapon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. chemical substances that can be delivered using munitions and dispersal devices to cause death or severe harm to people and animals and plants
E.g.
  • Vomiting agent Vomiting agents are chemical weapon agents causing vomiting.
  • Ethylene can be used in production of sulfur mustard gas, a chemical weapon.
  • Methyldichloroarsine's only documented large-scale use is as a chemical weapon.

law of chemical equilibrium

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) the principle that (at chemical equilibrium) in a reversible reaction the ratio of the rate of the forward reaction to the rate of the reverse reaction is a constant for that reaction; equilibrium law
n.
  1. chemical analysis to determine the amounts of each element in the substance; quantitative analysis

chemical weapons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • India declared its stock of chemical weapons in June 1997.
  • It was once a center for the manufacture of chemical weapons.
  • Some resisted and were reportedly sprayed with chemical weapons.

catalyzes the chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The enzyme then catalyzes the chemical step in the reaction and releases the product.

chemical reactions

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Catalysts accelerate chemical reactions.
  • Kinetically, catalytic reactions are typical chemical reactions; i.e.
  • Steric hindrance is the slowing of chemical reactions due to steric bulk.

chemical composition

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Whereas its nominal formula is AlMgB, the chemical composition is closer to AlMgB.
  • Its definition depends on the ways of expressing chemical composition of mixtures.
  • The highest level in the classification of minerals is based on chemical composition.

following chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction This group of enzymes has similar specificities.
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction This enzyme belongs to the peptidase family M10.

chemical compounds

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Boron is primarily used in chemical compounds.
  • It is also one of the chemical compounds found in castoreum.
  • Alkanes are only weakly reactive with most chemical compounds.

following chemical reaction

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction This group of enzymes has similar specificities.
  • This enzyme catalyses the following chemical reaction This enzyme belongs to the peptidase family M10.

chemical structure

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Linear acetylenic carbon has the chemical structure −(C:::C)−.
  • The chemical structure of proteins was still under debate at that time.
  • The term was originally used to describe variations in chemical structure.

chemical properties

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It has been shown to correlate with a number of other chemical properties.
  • Dyes are classified according to their solubility and chemical properties.
  • Cooking involves a manipulation of the chemical properties of these molecules.

chemical engineer

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Her father was a chemical engineer, her mother a nurse.
  • The younger William Webster trained as a chemical engineer.
  • James Wei (engineer) James Wei (born 1930) is an American chemical engineer.

chemical elements

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • For pure chemical elements, polymorphism is known as allotropy.
  • The following sortable table shows the 118 known chemical elements.
  • For 80 of the chemical elements, at least one stable isotope exists.

physical and chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This results from a combination of physical and chemical processes.
  • These interactions can be roughly divided into physical and chemical interactions.
  • Once deposited, physical and chemical weathering can alter the state of preservation.

chemical and biological

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The United States Army re-evaluated its chemical and biological weapons programs in 1961.
  • The Deseret project required a joint task force to undertake overseas chemical and biological testing.
  • Various chemical and biological methods have been considered, tested and/or employed to fight the weeds.

use of chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Ploughing and the use of chemical fertilisers has also contributed to their loss.
  • Ploughing and the use of chemical fertilisers have also contributed to their loss.
  • The U.S. policy on the use of chemical weapons is to reserve the right to retaliate.

chemical processes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This results from a combination of physical and chemical processes.
  • Coal to chemical processes require substantial quantities of water.
  • The term originated with the industrial designing of chemical processes.

chemical company

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Agriculture & Nutrition Company (THAN) was a California chemical company.
  • Yara International Yara International ASA is a Norwegian chemical company.
  • In 1928, IG Farben was the world's fourth-largest company and its largest chemical company.

chemical potential

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • (where "μ" is the standard chemical potential).
  • where "μ" is in this case a partial molar Gibbs energy, a chemical potential.
  • The chemical potential of a reagent A is a function of the activity, {A} of that reagent.

chemical products

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Glycine is an intermediate in the synthesis of a variety of chemical products.
  • IMRL's principal commodities included steel, coal, agricultural and chemical products.
  • Many other chemical products are generated by large-scale reduction, often via hydrogenation.

other chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It is the precursor to manganese metal and many other chemical compounds.
  • It has been shown to correlate with a number of other chemical properties.
  • For example, the hydrolysis of ATP is often used to drive other chemical reactions.

chemical attack

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • A chemical attack in Douma occurred on 7 April 2018.
  • Russia has said video of the chemical attack was staged by members of the White Helmets.
  • It is resistant to dissolution or chemical attack, even in the acidic contents of the digestive tract.

chemical plants

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Typical process plants include oil refineries, paper mills, and chemical plants.
  • The role of the chemical engineer was the design of these chemical plants and processes.

chemical synthesis

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Their merger is called chemical synthesis or an addition reaction.
  • muscle contraction, nerve impulse propagation, and chemical synthesis.
  • The "" form can be made via chemical synthesis but has no significant biological role.

chemical and physical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • These two isomers of butene are slightly different in their chemical and physical properties.
  • Plant physiology encompasses all the internal chemical and physical activities of plants associated with life.
  • Its breakdown products and metabolites, DDE and DDD, are also persistent and have similar chemical and physical properties.

chemical bonds

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • UV-C radiation is able to break down chemical bonds.
  • Chemical reactions usually involve the making or breaking of chemical bonds.
  • They can then release this energy by breaking chemical bonds, thereby producing radicals.

chemical substances

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Numerous chemical substances influence the IELT.
  • In addition the Chemical Abstracts Service has devised a method to index chemical substances.
  • Electrostatics are used to describe bond polarities and the effects they have on chemical substances.

chemical agents

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • There are no known chemical agents available to treat the disease.
  • Each of the CAIS held between one and five different chemical agents.
  • Various chemical agents are a threat, such as nerve gas (VX, Sarin, and so on.).

chemical species

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Common air was then a mixture of two distinct chemical species with quite different properties.
  • Some of these chemical species are consumed by photosynthetic organisms that remove carbon from the cycle.
  • dissipative energy use, of a thermodynamic system or working body of chemical species during a change of state.

chemical shift

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Pivalic acid is sometimes used as an internal chemical shift standard for NMR spectra of aqueous solutions.
  • This abnormal electron density affects the applied magnetic field and causes the observed chemical shift to change.
  • In NMR spectroscopy, the orientation of nuclei with respect to the applied magnetic field determines their chemical shift.

degree in chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • degree in chemical engineering in 1925 and a Master of Science (M.S.)
  • He earned a Bachelor of Science degree in chemical engineering in 1947.
  • Loheni has a degree in chemical engineering from the University of Auckland.

chemical vapor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • A schematic diagram for chemical vapor deposition set up is shown in Fig.
  • Another popular method of growing synthetic diamond is chemical vapor deposition (CVD).
  • The fibers can be produced by chemical vapor deposition of boron on a tungsten filament.

different chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Each of the CAIS held between one and five different chemical agents.
  • They have different names because, as diastereomers, they have different chemical properties.
  • The different chemical compositions make the glaze to produce different results from batch to batch.

biological and chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • He said how "biological and chemical weapons are probable and relatively easy to disperse."
  • Throughout science the term decipherment is synonymous with the understanding of biological and chemical phenomena.
  • The biological and chemical weapons developed during that period were tested at the Dugway Proving Grounds in Utah.

chemical companies

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • SNF is one of the major chemical companies in France.
  • Goldschmidt AG is now part of the Degussa group of chemical companies .
  • Other chemical companies, including Ineos (formerly ICI), have plants at Runcorn.

chemical vapor deposition

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • A schematic diagram for chemical vapor deposition set up is shown in Fig.
  • Another popular method of growing synthetic diamond is chemical vapor deposition (CVD).
  • The fibers can be produced by chemical vapor deposition of boron on a tungsten filament.

chemical industries

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In the past this was an important centre for the iron and steel, and chemical industries.
  • It produces a variety of basic chemicals supplied to chemical industries, in Japan and abroad.
  • Economically, the area developed heavy and chemical industries based on abundant hydroelectric electricity.

chemical works

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Other industries included brickworks, chemical works, tinplate works and timber yards.
  • The long-established chemical works of Celenese(formally Accordis and Courtaulds) are the northern bank, towards Spondon.
  • This line, branching off the WCR route 1 mile 14 chains south of Northwich Junction, primarily served the Brunner Mond chemical works.

new chemical

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This law featured the world's first new chemical pre-examination system.
  • All chemical reactions involve both the breaking of existing and the making of new chemical bonds.
  • A third common theory is Lewis acid-base theory, which is based on the formation of new chemical bonds.

chemical factory

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • He is kind of short-tempered, truculent and works in a chemical factory.
  • Pervomaiskyi was planned as a colony for the workers and clerical staff of the Khimprom chemical factory.
  • He obtained his education in Königsberg and Berlin, later serving as a director of a chemical factory in Liesing (Vienna).
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