Disdainfulness Diseased

Disease

Meanings and phrases

disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an impairment of health or a condition of abnormal functioning

Addison 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a glandular disorder caused by failure of function of the cortex of the adrenal gland and marked by anemia and prostration with brownish skin; Addison's syndrome; hypoadrenalism; hypoadrenocorticism

Albers-Schonberg disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated; osteopetrosis; marble bones disease

Albright 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. fibrous dysplasia of bone affecting multiple bones; polyostotic fibrous dysplasia

Alzheimer 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a progressive form of presenile dementia that is similar to senile dementia except that it usually starts in the 40s or 50s; first symptoms are impaired memory which is followed by impaired thought and speech and finally complete helplessness; Alzheimer's; Alzheimers

Bang 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an infectious disease of domestic animals often resulting in spontaneous abortion; transmittable to human beings; brucellosis; contagious abortion

Banti 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease characterized by congestion and enlargement of the spleen; accompanied by anemia or cirrhosis; Banti's syndrome

Bornholm disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an acute infectious disease occurring in epidemic form and featuring paroxysms of pain (usually in the chest); epidemic pleurodynia; epidemic myalgia; myosis; diaphragmatic pleurisy

Bosin 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a rare chronic progressive encephalitis caused by the measles virus and occurring primarily in children and young adults; death usually occurs within three years; characterized by primary measles infection before the age of two years; subacute sclerosing panencephalitis; SSPE; inclusion body encephalitis; subacute inclusion body encephalitis; sclerosing leukoencephalitis; subacute sclerosing leukoencephalitis; Dawson's encephalitis; Van Bogaert encephalitis

Bright 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inflammation of the kidney; nephritis

Center for Disease Control and Prevention

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a federal agency in the Department of Health and Human Services; located in Atlanta; investigates and diagnoses and tries to control or prevent diseases (especially new and unusual diseases); CDC

Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of neuropathy that can begin between childhood and young adulthood; characterized by weakness and atrophy of the muscles of the hands and lower legs; progression is slow and individuals affected can have a normal life span; inheritance is X-linked recessive or X-linked dominant; hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy

Christmas disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a clotting disorder similar to hemophilia A but caused by a congenital deficiency of factor IX; hemophilia B; haemophilia B

Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control; CJD; Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease

Crohn 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a serious chronic and progressive inflammation of the ileum producing frequent bouts of diarrhea with abdominal pain and nausea and fever and weight loss; regional enteritis; regional ileitis

Cupid 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; venereal disease; VD; venereal infection; social disease; Cupid's itch; Venus's curse; dose; sexually transmitted disease; STD

Cushing 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a glandular disorder caused by excessive ACTH resulting in greater than normal functioning of the adrenal gland; characterized by obesity; hyperadrenalism

Darier 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a rare hereditary condition marked by dark crusted patches (sometimes containing pus); keratosis follicularis

Dutch elm disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. disease of elms caused by a fungus

Gaucher 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a rare chronic disorder of lipid metabolism of genetic origin

Graves ' disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. exophthalmos occurring in association with goiter; hyperthyroidism with protrusion of the eyeballs; exophthalmic goiter

Guinea worm disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a painful and debilitating infestation contracted by drinking stagnant water contaminated with Guinea worm larvae that can mature inside a human's abdomen until the worm emerges through a painful blister in the person's skin; Guinea worm; dracunculiasis

Hand-Schuller-Christian disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. inflammatory histiocytosis associated with disturbance of cholesterol metabolism; occurs chiefly in young children and is characterized by cystic defects of the skull and diabetes insipidus; Schuller-Christian disease

Hansen 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. chronic granulomatous communicable disease occurring in tropical and subtropical regions; characterized by inflamed nodules beneath the skin and wasting of body parts; caused by the bacillus Mycobacterium leprae; leprosy

Hashimoto 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. autoimmune disorder of the thyroid gland; most common in middle-aged women

Hirschsprung 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. congenital condition in which the colon does not have the normal network of nerves; there is little urge to defecate so the feces accumulate and cause megacolon; congenital megacolon

Hodgkin 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a malignant disorder in which there is progressive (but painless) enlargement of lymph tissue followed by enlargement of the spleen and liver

Huntington 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. hereditary disease; develops in adulthood and ends in dementia; Huntington's chorea

Hurler 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. hereditary disease (autosomal recessive) consisting of an error is mucopolysaccharide metabolism; characterized by severe abnormalities in development of skeletal cartilage and bone and mental retardation; Hurler's syndrome; gargoylism; dysostosis multiplex; lipochondrodystrophy

Jakob-Creutzfeldt disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. rare (usually fatal) brain disease (usually in middle age) caused by an unidentified slow virus; characterized by progressive dementia and gradual loss of muscle control; Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease; CJD

Kawasaki disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an acute disease of young children characterized by a rash and swollen lymph nodes and fever; of unknown cause; mucocutaneous lymph node syndrome

Lafora 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. epilepsy characterized by clonus of muscle groups and progressive mental deterioration and genetic origin; myoclonus epilepsy

Legionnaires ' disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. acute (sometimes fatal) lobar pneumonia caused by bacteria of a kind first recognized after an outbreak of the disease at an American Legion convention in Philadelphia in 1976; characterized by fever and muscle and chest pain and headache and chills and a dry cough

Lime disease spirochete

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. cause of Lyme disease; transmitted primarily by ticks of genus Ixodes; Borrelia burgdorferi

Lou Gehrig 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. thickening of tissue in the motor tracts of the lateral columns and anterior horns of the spinal cord; results in progressive muscle atrophy that starts in the limbs; amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; ALS

Lyme disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an acute inflammatory disease characterized by a rash with joint swelling and fever; caused by bacteria carried by the bite of a deer tick; Lyme arthritis

Marburg disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a viral disease of green monkeys caused by the Marburg virus; when transmitted to humans it causes serious or fatal illness; Marburg hemorrhagic fever; green monkey disease

Marie-Strumpell disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a chronic form of spondylitis primarily in males and marked by impaired mobility of the spine; sometimes leads to ankylosis; ankylosing spondylitis; rheumatoid spondylitis

McArdle 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inherited disease in which abnormal amounts of glycogen accumulate in skeletal muscle; results in weakness and cramping

Meniere 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease of the inner ear characterized by episodes of dizziness and tinnitus and progressive hearing loss (usually unilateral)

Minamata disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of mercury poisoning among people who ate fish from mercury-contaminated waters of Minamata Bay off Japan in the 1950s; characterized by severe neurological degeneration

Newcastle disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. disease of domestic fowl and other birds

Niemann-Pick disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disorder of lipid metabolism that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait

Paget 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease of bone occurring in the middle aged and elderly; excessive bone destruction sometimes leading to bone pain and fractures and skeletal deformities; osteitis deformans

Parkinson 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a degenerative disorder of the central nervous system characterized by tremor and impaired muscular coordination; paralysis agitans; Parkinsonism; Parkinson's syndrome; Parkinson's; shaking palsy

Pick 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a progressive form of presenile dementia found most often in middle-aged and elderly women and characterized by degeneration of the frontal and temporal lobes with loss of intellectual ability and transitory aphasia

Pott 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. TB of the spine with destruction of vertebrae resulting in curvature of the spine

Reiter 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inflammatory syndrome (etiology unknown) predominantly in males; characterized by arthritis and conjunctivitis and urethritis; Reiter's syndrome

Riggs ' disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. chronic periodontitis; purulent inflammation of the teeth sockets; pyorrhea; pyorrhoea; pyorrhea alveolaris

Sachs disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occurring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood; Tay-Sachs disease; Tay-Sachs; infantile amaurotic idiocy

Schuller-Christian disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. inflammatory histiocytosis associated with disturbance of cholesterol metabolism; occurs chiefly in young children and is characterized by cystic defects of the skull and diabetes insipidus; Hand-Schuller-Christian disease

Spielmeyer-Vogt disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a congenital progressive disorder of lipid metabolism having an onset at age 5 and characterized by blindness and dementia and early death; juvenile amaurotic idiocy

Steinert 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a severe form of muscular dystrophy marked by generalized weakness and muscular wasting that affects the face and feet and hands and neck; difficult speech and difficulty with the hands that spreads to the arms and shoulders and legs and hips; the onset can be any time from birth to middle age and the progression is slow; inheritance is autosomal dominant; myotonic muscular dystrophy; myotonic dystrophy; myotonia atrophica

Still 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of rheumatoid arthritis that affects children; large joints become inflamed and bone growth may be retarded; juvenile rheumatoid arthritis

Tay-Sachs disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a hereditary disorder of lipid metabolism occurring most frequently in individuals of Jewish descent in eastern Europe; accumulation of lipids in nervous tissue results in death in early childhood; Tay-Sachs; Sachs disease; infantile amaurotic idiocy

Thomsen 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mild, rare, congenital form of myotonia characterized by muscle stiffness; myotonia congenita

Weil 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a severe form of leptospirosis in human beings

Werdnig-Hoffman disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. autosomal recessive disease in which the degeneration of spinal nerve cells and brain nerve cells leads to atrophy of skeletal muscles and flaccid paralysis; death usually occurs in early childhood

Werlhof 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. purpura associated with a reduction in circulating blood platelets which can result from a variety of factors; thrombocytopenic purpura; idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura; purpura hemorrhagica

Wilson 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a rare inherited disorder of copper metabolism; copper accumulates in the liver and then in the red blood cells and brain; hepatolenticular degeneration

animal disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease that typically does not affect human beings

autoimmune disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of a large group of diseases characterized by abnormal functioning of the immune system that causes your immune system to produce antibodies against your own tissues; autoimmune disorder
E.g.
  • Her aunt died of scleroderma, a rare autoimmune disease.
  • Sometimes antigens are part of the host itself in an autoimmune disease.
  • Gluten ataxia is an autoimmune disease triggered by the ingestion of gluten.
n.
  1. a disease caused by a dominant mutant gene on an autosome; autosomal dominant disorder
n.
  1. a disease caused by the presence of two recessive mutant genes on an autosome; autosomal recessive defect

black disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease of the liver (especially in sheep and cattle) caused by liver flukes and their by-products; sheep rot; liver rot; distomatosis

black lung disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. lung disease caused by inhaling coal dust; anthracosis; black lung; coal miner's lung

bleeder 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. congenital tendency to uncontrolled bleeding; usually affects males and is transmitted from mother to son; hemophilia; haemophilia

blood disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease or disorder of the blood; blood disorder

brain disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any disorder or disease of the brain; brain disorder; encephalopathy

caisson disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. pain resulting from rapid change in pressure; decompression sickness; aeroembolism; air embolism; gas embolism; bends

cardiovascular disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease of the heart or blood vessels
E.g.
  • : cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, obesity).
  • Also used to prevent cardiovascular disease in those at high risk.
  • Macnamara died at the age of 69 from cardiovascular disease in 1968.

cat scratch disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease thought to be transmitted to humans by a scratch from a cat

celiac disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disorder in children and adults; inability to tolerate wheat protein (gluten); symptoms include foul-smelling diarrhea and emaciation; often accompanied by lactose intolerance
E.g.
  • Some evidence links epilepsy and celiac disease and non-celiac gluten sensitivity, while other evidence does not.
  • When excessive or malodorous, flatus can be a sign of a health disorder, such as irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease or lactose intolerance.
  • The gluten in wheat bread is dangerous to people with celiac disease and other gluten-related disorders, such as non-celiac gluten sensitivity and wheat allergy.

chestnut-bark disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease of American chestnut trees; chestnut blight; chestnut canker
n.
  1. a nonreversible lung disease that is a combination of emphysema and chronic bronchitis; usually patients have been heavy cigarette smokers

chronic wasting disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a wildlife disease (akin to bovine spongiform encephalitis) that affects deer and elk

communicable disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease that can be communicated from one person to another

congenital disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically; genetic disease; genetic disorder; genetic abnormality; genetic defect; inherited disease; inherited disorder; hereditary disease; hereditary condition

contagious disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any disease easily transmitted by contact; contagion

coronary artery disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a stage of arteriosclerosis involving fatty deposits (atheromas) inside the arterial walls, thus narrowing the arteries; atherosclerosis
E.g.
  • Dietary changes can decrease coronary artery disease.
  • Most MIs occur due to coronary artery disease.
  • An autopsy concluded that Dunn died of coronary artery disease.

coronary heart disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a heart disease due to an abnormality of the arteries that supply blood and oxygen to the heart
E.g.
  • Lp-PLA is associated with coronary heart disease and stroke.
  • However, if the person already had coronary heart disease the reduction was 25%.
  • The COAG Laboratory ran until 2000 carrying out research into aspects of nutrition and health, especially the prevention of coronary heart disease.

coronary-artery disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. sclerosis of the arterial walls; arteriosclerosis; arterial sclerosis; hardening of the arteries; induration of the arteries

cystic breast disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the presence of one or more cysts in a breast; fibrocystic breast disease; fibrocystic disease of the breast; cystic mastitis

deficiency disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any disease caused by a lack of an essential nutrient (as a vitamin or mineral)
n.
  1. chronic breakdown of cartilage in the joints; the most common form of arthritis occurring usually after middle age; osteoarthritis; degenerative arthritis
n.
  1. a disease characterized by impairment of neuromuscular junctions

disease of the skin

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease affecting the skin; skin disease; skin disorder

endemic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser degree in people of a certain class or in people living in a particular location; endemic

epidemic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any infectious disease that develops and spreads rapidly to many people

eye disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any disease of the eye
E.g.
  • He was born with a progressive eye disease, but had normal sight as a child.
  • Giant papillary conjunctivitis accounts for 0.5–1.0% of eye disease in most countries.
  • Traction caused by VMA is the underlying pathology of an eye disease called symptomatic VMA.

fibrocystic breast disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the presence of one or more cysts in a breast; fibrocystic disease of the breast; cystic breast disease; cystic mastitis

fibrocystic disease of the breast

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the presence of one or more cysts in a breast; fibrocystic breast disease; cystic breast disease; cystic mastitis

fibrocystic disease of the pancreas

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the most common congenital disease; the child's lungs and intestines and pancreas become clogged with thick mucus; caused by defect in a single gene; no cure is known; cystic fibrosis; CF; pancreatic fibrosis; mucoviscidosis

foot-and-mouth disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. acute contagious disease of cloven-footed animals marked by ulcers in the mouth and around the hoofs; hoof-and-mouth disease

genetic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically; genetic disorder; genetic abnormality; genetic defect; congenital disease; inherited disease; inherited disorder; hereditary disease; hereditary condition
E.g.
  • TSC is a multisystem genetic disease with mutation in either TSC1 or TSC2 gene.
  • Environment plays a major role in effects of the human genetic disease phenylketonuria.
  • This product is used to treat a rare human genetic disease linked with mutations in the EDA1 gene.

gland disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disorder of the glands of the body; glandular disease; glandular disorder; adenosis

glandular disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disorder of the glands of the body; gland disease; glandular disorder; adenosis

green monkey disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a viral disease of green monkeys caused by the Marburg virus; when transmitted to humans it causes serious or fatal illness; Marburg disease; Marburg hemorrhagic fever

heart disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease of the heart; cardiopathy
E.g.
  • He died in 1910 of heart disease at the age of 52.
  • She had suffered from heart disease and diabetes.
  • Grinkov's father died of heart disease in 1991.

hereditary disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically; genetic disease; genetic disorder; genetic abnormality; genetic defect; congenital disease; inherited disease; inherited disorder; hereditary condition

hoof-and-mouth disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. acute contagious disease of cloven-footed animals marked by ulcers in the mouth and around the hoofs; foot-and-mouth disease

hookworm disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. infestation of the intestines by hookworms which enter the body (usually) through the skin; hookworm

hyaline membrane disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli; respiratory distress syndrome; respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn

hydatid disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. infestation with larval echinococci (tapeworms); echinococcosis; hydatidosis

idiopathic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any disease arising from internal dysfunctions of unknown cause; idiopathic disorder; idiopathy

industrial disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts); occupational disease

infectious disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease transmitted only by a specific kind of contact
E.g.
  • In 1563, an infectious disease hospital operated in Nevlje.
  • The two worked at the infectious disease hospital in Colentina.
  • Infectious cheilitis refers to cheilitis caused by infectious disease.
n.
  1. inflammation of the colon; colitis
E.g.
  • Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease.
  • Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancers.
  • He decided to support the CCFC, to help raise funds and support research into inflammatory bowel disease (IBD).

inflammatory disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease characterized by inflammation
E.g.
  • Tumefactive multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating and inflammatory disease.
  • Other than surgery, endometriosis and pelvic inflammatory disease are typical causes.
  • When she was hospitalized for pelvic inflammatory disease in Provincetown, Waters and Mink Stole visited Mueller.

inherited disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease or disorder that is inherited genetically; genetic disease; genetic disorder; genetic abnormality; genetic defect; congenital disease; inherited disorder; hereditary disease; hereditary condition

iron-storage disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. pathology in which iron accumulates in the tissues; characterized by bronzed skin and enlarged liver and diabetes mellitus and abnormalities of the pancreas and the joints; hemochromatosis; iron overload; bronzed diabetes

kakke disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the endemic form of beriberi

kidney disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease affecting the kidneys; renal disorder; nephropathy; nephrosis
E.g.
  • : cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, obesity).
  • He wrote one of the first accounts of familial kidney disease.
  • He died of chronic kidney disease on 23 January 1969, aged 60.

kissing disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an acute disease characterized by fever and swollen lymph nodes and an abnormal increase of mononuclear leucocytes or monocytes in the bloodstream; not highly contagious; some believe it can be transmitted by kissing; infectious mononucleosis; mononucleosis; mono; glandular fever

leaf disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any plant disease localized in the foliage

liver disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease affecting the liver
E.g.
  • Caution should be used in people with liver disease.
  • In 1813, he fell ill and died of liver disease.
  • She was under treatment for liver disease on her last days

loco disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease of livestock caused by locoweed poisoning; characterized by weakness and lack of coordination and trembling and partial paralysis; locoism

mad cow disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a fatal disease of cattle that affects the central nervous system; causes staggering and agitation; bovine spongiform encephalitis; BSE
n.
  1. any malignant growth or tumor caused by abnormal and uncontrolled cell division; it may spread to other parts of the body through the lymphatic system or the blood stream; cancer

maple syrup urine disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inherited disorder of metabolism in which the urine has a odor characteristic of maple syrup; if untreated it can lead to mental retardation and death in early childhood; branched chain ketoaciduria

marble bones disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inherited disorder characterized by an increase in bone density; in severe forms the bone marrow cavity may be obliterated; osteopetrosis; Albers-Schonberg disease

mental disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any disease of the mind; the psychological state of someone who has emotional or behavioral problems serious enough to require psychiatric intervention; mental illness; psychopathy

monilia disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an infection caused by fungi of the genus Monilia or Candida (especially Candida albicans); candidiasis; moniliasis

monogenic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inherited disease controlled by a single pair of genes; monogenic disorder

neurological disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disorder of the nervous system; nervous disorder; neurological disorder

occupational disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. disease or disability resulting from conditions of employment (usually from long exposure to a noxious substance or from continuous repetition of certain acts); industrial disease

parrot disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. infectious disease of birds; psittacosis
n.
  1. inflammation of the female pelvic organs (especially the Fallopian tubes) caused by infection by any of several microorganisms (chiefly gonococci and chlamydia); symptoms are abdominal pain and fever and foul-smelling vaginal discharge; PID

periodontal disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease that attacks the gum and bone and around the teeth; periodontitis
E.g.
  • predominate in periodontal disease and periodontal abscesses.
  • The diets of the wealthy were rich in sugars, which promoted periodontal disease.
  • The bone destruction patterns that occur as a result of periodontal disease generally take on characteristic forms.

pink disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. serious bark disease of many tropical crop trees (coffee, citrus, rubber); branches have a covering of pink hyphae

pink disease fungus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. fungus causing pink disease in citrus and coffee and rubber trees etc; Corticium salmonicolor

plant disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease that affects plants

polycystic kidney disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. kidney disease characterized by enlarged kidneys containing many cysts; often leads to kidney failure; PKD

polygenic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inherited disease controlled by several genes at once; polygenic disorder

potato disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a blight of potatoes; potato blight; potato mold; potato mildew; potato murrain

pullorum disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a serious bacterial disease of young chickens; bacillary white diarrhea; bacillary white diarrhoea

pulseless disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. disorder characterized by the absence of a pulse in both arms and in the carotid arteries; Takayasu's arteritis

ragpicker 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis; initial symptoms (chill and cough and dyspnea and rapid pulse) are followed by extreme cardiovascular collapse; pulmonary anthrax; inhalation anthrax; anthrax pneumonia; ragsorter's disease; woolsorter's pneumonia; woolsorter's disease

ragsorter 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis; initial symptoms (chill and cough and dyspnea and rapid pulse) are followed by extreme cardiovascular collapse; pulmonary anthrax; inhalation anthrax; anthrax pneumonia; ragpicker's disease; woolsorter's pneumonia; woolsorter's disease

respiratory disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease affecting the respiratory system; respiratory illness; respiratory disorder
E.g.
  • Although most cases are mild, severe respiratory disease has also been reported.
  • Scruggs died on 2 February 2006 in Nashville, Tennessee from respiratory disease.
  • Nick Reynolds died on October 1, 2008, in San Diego, California from acute respiratory disease.

rheumatic heart disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. heart disease caused by recurrent episodes of rheumatic fever; characterized by changes in the myocardium or scarring of the heart valves that reduce the power of the heart to pump blood

rhizoctinia disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. disease caused by rhizoctinia or fungi of Pellicularia and Corticium

rickettsial disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. infectious disease caused by ticks or mites or body lice infected with rickettsial bacteria; rickettsiosis

ring disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. disease of tomatoes and potatoes and tobacco etc caused by the bacterium Pseudomonas solanacearum; ring rot; tobacco wilt

sclerotium disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. plant disease cause by fungi of the genus Sclerotium; also one in which sclerotia are formed; sclerotium rot

serum disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a delayed allergic reaction to the injection of an antiserum caused by an antibody reaction to an antigen in the donor serum; serum sickness
n.
  1. a congenital disease affecting T cells that can result from a mutation in any one of several different genes; children with it are susceptible to infectious disease; if untreated it is lethal within the first year or two of life; severe combined immunodeficiency; SCID
n.
  1. a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; venereal disease; VD; venereal infection; social disease; Cupid's itch; Cupid's disease; Venus's curse; dose; STD

sickle-cell disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a congenital form of anemia occurring mostly in blacks; characterized by abnormal blood cells having a crescent shape; sickle-cell anemia; sickle-cell anaemia; crescent-cell anemia; crescent-cell anaemia; drepanocytic anemia; drepanocytic anaemia

skin disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a disease affecting the skin; disease of the skin; skin disorder
E.g.
  • The main feature was chloracne, a serious skin disease.
  • Miriam was punished with a skin disease ("tzaraath") that turned her skin white.
  • In some of these countries, such as northern Papua New Guinea, it is the most common skin disease.

social disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; venereal disease; VD; venereal infection; Cupid's itch; Cupid's disease; Venus's curse; dose; sexually transmitted disease; STD

surveillance of disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the ongoing systematic collection and analysis of data about an infectious disease that can lead to action being taken to control or prevent the disease

tin disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the transformation of ordinary white tin into powdery grey tin at very cold temperatures; tin pest; tin plague

tsutsugamushi disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. transmitted by larval mites and widespread in Asia; scrub typhus

valvular heart disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. heart disease caused by stenosis of the cardiac valves and obstructed blood flow or caused by degeneration and blood regurgitation

venereal disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communicable infection transmitted by sexual intercourse or genital contact; VD; venereal infection; social disease; Cupid's itch; Cupid's disease; Venus's curse; dose; sexually transmitted disease; STD
E.g.
  • Prostitutes could also be arrested if they had a venereal disease.
  • According to Martin, William was then suffering from venereal disease.
  • He was responsible for checking her various lovers for signs of venereal disease.

von Recklinghausen 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. autosomal dominant disease characterized by numerous neurofibromas and by spots on the skin and often by developmental abnormalities; neurofibromatosis

von Willebrand 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of hemophilia discovered by Erik von Willebrand; a genetic disorder that is inherited as an autosomal recessive trait; characterized by a deficiency of the coagulation factor and by mucosal bleeding; angiohemophilia; vascular hemophilia

wasting disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. involving the lungs with progressive wasting of the body; pulmonary tuberculosis; consumption; phthisis; white plague

wilt disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any plant disease characterized by drooping and shriveling; usually caused by parasites attacking the roots; wilt

woolsorter 's disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a form of anthrax infection acquired by inhalation of dust containing Bacillus anthracis; initial symptoms (chill and cough and dyspnea and rapid pulse) are followed by extreme cardiovascular collapse; pulmonary anthrax; inhalation anthrax; anthrax pneumonia; ragpicker's disease; ragsorter's disease; woolsorter's pneumonia

zoonotic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an animal disease that can be transmitted to humans; zoonosis

died of disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • An additional 31 enlisted men died of disease.
  • An additional officer and 53 enlisted men died of disease.
  • Many were hanged, while others died of disease and starvation.

lung disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Exposure to yttrium compounds in humans may cause lung disease.
  • Exposure to yttrium compounds can cause lung disease in humans.
  • He had been suffering from a lung disease and died of emphysema.

s disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Vulvar CD bears great clinical similarity to Behcet’s disease.
  • Many (15%) who live 40 years or longer develop Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Slonim died January 20, 2000, at his home, a victim of a stroke and Alzheimer’s disease.

s disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Vulvar CD bears great clinical similarity to Behcet’s disease.
  • Many (15%) who live 40 years or longer develop Alzheimer’s disease.
  • Slonim died January 20, 2000, at his home, a victim of a stroke and Alzheimer’s disease.

disease caused

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In 2003 Lyme disease caused her to lose sight in one eye.
  • Botulism is a rare disease caused by the bacterium "Clostridium botulinum.
  • The greatest killer at sea was scurvy, a disease caused by vitamin C deficiency.

artery disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Dietary changes can decrease coronary artery disease.
  • Most MIs occur due to coronary artery disease.
  • In 2007, Boyer was diagnosed with peripheral artery disease.

pulmonary disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • He had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • Homer died in office of pulmonary disease at Halifax at the age of 54.
  • In 2009, Dolphy was diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

chronic disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Cleaner air quality affects rates of chronic disease in populations exposed.
  • Delusional companion syndrome can be caused by acute injury or chronic disease.
  • All are factors which contribute to the risks of chronic disease and mental illness.

human disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Some of these viruses cause human disease.
  • The significance—if any—of this virus for human disease is unknown presently.
  • HHT is actually the first human disease linked to the TGF beta receptor complex.

cause disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This virus does not appear to cause disease in the shrimp.
  • Mutations in keratin proteins in the skin can cause disease.
  • Autoantibodies against proteins that hold the cells of the skin together can also cause disease.
E.g.
  • He had chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • In 2009, Dolphy was diagnosed with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
  • It is mainly used in the treatment of asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

rare disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In 1869, Ferry was attacked by a rare disease of his spine.
  • Hyper-IgM syndrome type 2 Hyper IgM Syndrome Type 2 is a rare disease.
  • An extremely rare disease of which only a few isolated cases are known.

elm disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The tree is susceptible to Dutch elm disease.
  • Oak wilt is similar to Dutch elm disease but more controllable.
  • In the 1960s most of the campus elms were felled by Dutch elm disease.

bowel disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are the principal types of inflammatory bowel disease.
  • It was where George contracted a severe bowel disease, which eventually took his life in 1268.
  • Individuals with inflammatory bowel disease are at increased risk of developing colorectal cancers.

disease prevention

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • At high school Finch was interested in disease prevention.
  • Resistance is largely due to agricultural use, in much greater quantities than required for disease prevention.
  • The target of research at the university are early diagnostics and therapy, disease prevention and active ageing.

disease progression

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Various imaging techniques may be used to diagnose and monitor disease progression.
  • It is also used for long-term monitoring of disease progression in Takayasu arteritis.
  • Patients with iMCD require routine assessment of treatment response and disease progression.

chronic kidney disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • He died of chronic kidney disease on 23 January 1969, aged 60.
  • Fred died in November 1901 from pneumonia and chronic kidney disease.
  • In severe chronic kidney disease (GFR<30), the EMB dose should be halved (or avoided altogether).

spread of disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This led to the spread of disease.
  • Vampire burials may have been practiced in the hope that the spread of disease would be curtailed.
  • Whatever device is used, shearers must be careful to keep it clean so as to prevent the spread of disease amongst a flock.

due to disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Thousands more are thought to have died due to disease.
  • Death due to disease is called death by natural causes.
  • Resources are available that report changes in a drug's metabolism due to disease states.

disease control

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In disasters, mass graves are used for infection and disease control.
  • Vaccines are being used more and more to reduce antibiotic use for disease control.
  • before starting a disease control project, whether in a small yard or on hundreds of acres.

vascular disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • He died on 22 April 1942 of coronary vascular disease.
  • He died of vascular disease in Palm City, Florida at the age of 83.
  • Acquired Horner syndrome may result after trauma, neoplastic insult, or even vascular disease.

disease resistance

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Potashes are substances that contain potassium which promotes disease resistance and helps to build starches and sugars.
  • Many became exaptations, taking on new functions like participating in cell division, protein routing, and even disease resistance.
  • Due to its inability to reproduce sexually, there is no possibility of increasing the plant's genetic diversity to promote disease resistance.

coeliac disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The discovery of the cause of coeliac disease may also be partly attributed to the Dutch famine.
  • However, Hodgkin's disease, coeliac disease, and Crohn's disease may contribute in some instances.
  • There appears to be a specific syndrome which includes coeliac disease, epilepsy and calcifications in the brain.

disease called

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • A prion disease called kuru has been traced to this.
  • It causes a disease called metastrongylosis.
  • Traction caused by VMA is the underlying pathology of an eye disease called symptomatic VMA.

health and disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This principle was the cause of health and disease.
  • It is by way of this living power that health and disease derive.
  • His research focuses on the impact of sleep on human health and disease.

disease outbreaks

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Financial cutbacks have limited the tracking of disease outbreaks.
  • Later in the campaign, the troops suffered disease outbreaks that swapped through various ships.
  • In the UK, the severity of disease outbreaks is thought to have increased due to climate change.

renal disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It is the cause of nearly 10% of all end-stage renal disease.
  • Evans died in Richmond, Virginia of renal disease on January 17, 2014.
  • ARPKD is a significant hereditary renal disease in that appears in childhood.

severe disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Frank Ostrowski died in 2011 after a severe disease.
  • Hypercapnia only occurs if severe disease or respiratory muscle fatigue occurs.
  • Hemoglobin E/β-thalassemia is a severe disease, and it still has no universal cure.

cell disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It contains 60 singers who suffer with the sickle cell disease or who have close friends or family suffering from it.
  • Helen Margaret Ranney was the first female president of Association of American Physicians, and her landmark research established one of the earliest links between genetic factors and sickle cell disease.

disease process

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Arteritis may be primary or secondary to some other disease process.
  • Cardiovascular disease: The most common natural disease process associated with diving fatalities.
  • Positive symptoms are features that are not present in healthy individuals but appear as a result of the disease process.

disease in humans

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Exposure to yttrium compounds can cause lung disease in humans.
  • Canine cognitive dysfunction is a form of dementia that mimics Alzheimer's disease in humans.
  • Gene therapy uses genetically modified viruses to deliver genes which can cure disease in humans.

same disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Anne died of the same disease in May 1849.
  • Clausewitz himself died of the same disease shortly afterwards, on 17 November 1831.
  • Her older brother who suffered from the same disease died several years ago after a lung transplant.

congenital heart disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This is very rare and happens in less than 1% of congenital heart disease cases.
  • The rate of congenital heart disease in newborns with Down syndrome is around 40%.
  • Brain abscess is usually associated with congenital heart disease in young children.

disease such

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Sometimes this occurs as a result of muscle and nerve damage from calving or a disease such as mastitis.
  • He had probably contracted a disease such as leprosy or erysipelas which attacked the retina in his eyes.
  • Allergic conjunctivitis is common in people who have other signs of allergic disease such as hay fever, asthma and eczema.

disease transmission

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Although he failed to identify the true source of disease transmission, ("i.e.
  • a history of an animal scratch or bite is not necessary for disease transmission."
  • Proper oral hygiene aims to control the harmful effects and prevent disease transmission.

sickle cell disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It contains 60 singers who suffer with the sickle cell disease or who have close friends or family suffering from it.
  • Helen Margaret Ranney was the first female president of Association of American Physicians, and her landmark research established one of the earliest links between genetic factors and sickle cell disease.

virus disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The first case of the Ebola virus disease in Mali was detected in October 2014.
  • On 25 March 2014, the World Health Organization said that Guinea's Ministry of Health had reported an outbreak of Ebola virus disease in Guinea.
  • Équateur province's Provincial Health Division reported 21 cases with symptoms consistent with Ebola virus disease, of whom 17 had died, on 3 May 2018.
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