Membracidae Membrane-forming

Membrane

Meanings and phrases

membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a thin pliable sheet of material
  2. a pliable sheet of tissue that covers or lines or connects the organs or cells of animals or plants; tissue layer

arachnoid membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the middle of the 3 meninges; arachnoid

basilar membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a membrane in the cochlea that supports the organ of Corti

cell membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell; cytomembrane; plasma membrane
E.g.
  • They pass through the cell membrane 7 times.
  • Around the outside of the cell membrane is the bacterial cell wall.
  • The cell membrane of neurons covers the axons, cell body, dendrites, etc.

chorioallantoic membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the very vascular fetal membrane composed of the fused chorion and adjacent wall of the allantois; chorioallantois

embryonic membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the inner membrane of embryos in higher vertebrates (especially when covering the head at birth); caul; veil

fertilization membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the membrane that forms around a fertilized ovum and prevents penetration by additional spermatozoon

fetal membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any membrane that functions for the protection or nourishment or respiration or excretion of a developing fetus

hyaline membrane disease

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an acute lung disease of the newborn (especially the premature newborn); lungs cannot expand because of a wetting agent is lacking; characterized by rapid shallow breathing and cyanosis and the formation of a glassy hyaline membrane over the alveoli; respiratory distress syndrome; respiratory distress syndrome of the newborn

hyaloid membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the transparent membrane enveloping the vitreous humor of the eye and separating it from the retina; hyaloid

membrane bone

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any bone that develops within membranous tissue without previous cartilage formation; e.g. the clavicle and bones of the skull

mucous membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. mucus-secreting membrane lining all body cavities or passages that communicate with the exterior; mucosa
E.g.
  • Ethyl acetate is an irritant of the conjunctiva and mucous membrane of the respiratory tract.
  • In rare cases exposure may cause sensitization of the mucous membrane and eruptions of the skin.
  • Endometrium The endometrium is the inner epithelial layer, along with its mucous membrane, of the mammalian uterus.

nictitating membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a protective fold of skin in the eyes of reptiles and birds and some mammals; third eyelid

plasma membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a thin membrane (a double layer of lipids) enclosing the cytoplasm of a cell; proteins in the membrane control passage of ions (like sodium or potassium or calcium) in and out of the cell; cell membrane; cytomembrane
E.g.
  • The plasma membrane of a cell has multiple functions.
  • Enzymes that catalyze reactions are also found on the plasma membrane.
  • FPC is also found to be expressed on the basal body and plasma membrane.

semipermeable membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a membrane (as a cell membrane) that allows some molecules to pass through but not others

serous membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a thin membrane lining the closed cavities of the body; has two layers with a space between that is filled with serous fluid; serosa

synovial membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a thin membrane in synovial (freely moving) joints that lines the joint capsule and secretes synovial fluid; synovium

tympanic membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the membrane in the ear that vibrates to sound; eardrum; tympanum; myringa

virginal membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a fold of tissue that partly covers the entrance to the vagina of a virgin; hymen; maidenhead

membrane potential

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • As more ions enter the cell, the membrane potential continues to rise.
  • This increased chloride ion influx hyperpolarizes the neuron's membrane potential.
  • In sum, they interfere with fundamental processes that regulate membrane potential.

membrane proteins

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • AQPs are integral membrane proteins that make up channels.
  • They can be found as globular proteins and membrane proteins.
  • These membrane proteins have various functions and characteristics and catalyze different chemical reactions.

membrane protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • YadA is a collagen-binding outer membrane protein.
  • BRI1 is an integral membrane protein.
  • YadA is a homotrimeric outer membrane protein which forms part of the fibrillar matrix.

outer membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • YadA is a collagen-binding outer membrane protein.
  • However, it is flipped to the outer membrane to be used during blood clotting.
  • The C-terminal domain helps to build the beta barrel pore in the outer membrane.

mitochondrial membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • P450scc is associated with the inner mitochondrial membrane, facing the interior (matrix).
  • This suggests a possible link between mitochondrial membrane cardiolipin content and beta oxidation.
  • The carrier preprotein is then inserted into the inner mitochondrial membrane in a potential-dependent fashion.

basement membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This is most likely due to the biochemistry of the parenchymal basement membrane and the astrocytic foot processes.
  • FOXC2 is required during early development of the kidneys, including differentiation of podocytes and maturation of the glomerular basement membrane.
  • potentially malignant) condition, because the biologically abnormal cells have not yet crossed the basement membrane to invade the surrounding tissue.

integral membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • AQPs are integral membrane proteins that make up channels.
  • BRI1 is an integral membrane protein.
  • Most AC-III's are integral membrane proteins involved in transducing extracellular signals into intracellular responses.

inner membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Helices that cover the inner membrane line the channel.
  • In gram-negative cells it is located in the inner membrane.
  • Inside the mitochondria, AIF is anchored to the inner membrane.

across the membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The channels can be formed by protein complexes that run across the membrane or by peptides.
  • It is known that calcium and sodium can move in either direction across the membrane of muscle cells.
  • Only small, non-polar molecules, such as oxygen and carbon dioxide, can diffuse easily across the membrane.

inner mitochondrial membrane

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • P450scc is associated with the inner mitochondrial membrane, facing the interior (matrix).
  • The carrier preprotein is then inserted into the inner mitochondrial membrane in a potential-dependent fashion.
  • Pyruvate molecules produced by glycolysis are actively transported across the inner mitochondrial membrane, and into the matrix.
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