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Of

Meanings and phrases

1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1867-1947); Baldwin; Stanley Baldwin

1st Earl of Balfour

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English statesman; member of the Conservative Party (1848-1930); Balfour; Arthur James Balfour

1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English general during World War II; won victories over Rommel in North Africa and led British ground forces in the invasion of Normandy (1887-1976); Montgomery; Bernard Law Montgomery; Sir Bernard Law Montgomery

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an academy that gives annual awards for achievements in motion picture production and performance

Academy of Television Arts and Sciences

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an academy that gives annual awards for outstanding achievements in television

Acts of the Apostles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book describing the development of the early church from Christ's Ascension to Paul's sojourn at Rome; Acts

Age of Fishes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. from 405 million to 345 million years ago; preponderance of fishes and appearance of amphibians and ammonites; Devonian; Devonian period

Age of Mammals

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. approximately the last 63 million years; Cenozoic; Cenozoic era

Age of Man

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. last 2 million years; Quaternary; Quaternary period

Age of Reason

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a movement in Europe from about 1650 until 1800 that advocated the use of reason and individualism instead of tradition and established doctrine; Enlightenment

Age of Reptiles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. from 230 million to 63 million years ago; Mesozoic; Mesozoic era

Alpine type of glacier

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a glacier that moves down from a high valley; Alpine glacier

American Federation of Labor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a federation of North American labor unions that merged with the Congress of Industrial Organizations in 1955; AFL

American Federation of Labor and Congress of Industrial Organizations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the largest federation of North American labor unions; formed in 1955; AFL-CIO

American War of Independence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the revolution of the American Colonies against Great Britain; 1775-1783; American Revolution; American Revolutionary War; War of American Independence

Apostle of Germany

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) Anglo-Saxon missionary who was sent to Frisia and Germany to spread the Christian faith; was martyred in Frisia (680-754); Boniface; Saint Boniface; St. Boniface; Winfred; Wynfrith

Apostle of the Gentiles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (New Testament) a Christian missionary to the Gentiles; author of several Epistles in the New Testament; even though Paul was not present at the Last Supper he is considered an Apostle; Paul; Saint Paul; St. Paul; Apostle Paul; Paul the Apostle; Saul; Saul of Tarsus

Arab Republic of Egypt

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northeastern Africa known as the United Arab Republic until 1971; site of an ancient civilization that flourished from 2600 to 30 BC; Egypt; United Arab Republic

Aristarchus of Samos

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an ancient Greek astronomer who was one of the first to propose a heliocentric theory of the universe (circa 270 BC)

Ark of the Covenant

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) sacred chest where the ancient Hebrews kept the two tablets containing the Ten Commandments; Ark

Armenian Secret Army for the Liberation of Armenia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a militant Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization formed in 1975 to force Turkey to acknowledge killing more than a million Armenians and forcibly removing them from border areas in 1915; wants Turkey to pay reparations and cede territory to Armenia; ASALA; Orly Group; 3rd October Organization

Army for the Liberation of Rwanda

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist organization that seeks to overthrow the government dominated by Tutsi and to institute Hutu control again; ALIR; Former Armed Forces; FAR; Interahamwe

Army of Muhammad

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist organization founded in 2000; a militant Islamic group active in Kashmir and closely aligned with al-Rashid Trust; seeks to secure release of imprisoned fellow militants by kidnappings; Jaish-i-Mohammed; Jaish-e-Muhammad; JEM

Army of the Confederacy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the southern army during the American Civil War; Confederate Army

Army of the Pure

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a brutal terrorist group active in Kashmir; fights against India with the goal of restoring Islamic rule of India; Lashkar-e-Taiba; Lashkar-e-Toiba; Lashkar-e-Tayyiba; LET; Army of the Righteous

Army of the Righteous

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a brutal terrorist group active in Kashmir; fights against India with the goal of restoring Islamic rule of India; Lashkar-e-Taiba; Lashkar-e-Toiba; Lashkar-e-Tayyiba; LET; Army of the Pure

Arnold of Brescia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Italian theologian who censured the worldly possessions of monks and the temporal power of bishops and was condemned for dogmatic errors by the Second Lateran Council (early 12th century)

Arrhenius theory of dissociation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) theory that describes aqueous solutions in terms of acids (which dissociate to give hydrogen ions) and bases (which dissociate to give hydroxyl ions); the product of an acid and a base is a salt and water; theory of dissociation; theory of electrolytic dissociation

Articles of Confederation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a written agreement ratified in 1781 by the thirteen original states; it provided a legal symbol of their union by giving the central government no coercive power over the states or their citizens

Ascension of Christ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (New Testament) the rising of the body of Jesus into heaven on the 40th day after his Resurrection; Ascension

Ascension of the Lord

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Christianity) celebration of the Ascension of Christ into heaven; observed on the 40th day after Easter; Ascension; Ascension Day

Assemblies of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a charismatic Protestant denomination in the United States

Association for the Advancement of Retired Persons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an association of people to promote the welfare of senior citizens; AARP

Association of Islamic Groups and Communities

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Turkish terrorist group of fundamentalist Muslims with ties to al-Qaeda that operates in Germany; seeks the violent overthrow of the Turkish government and the establishment of an Islamic nation modeled on Iran; Kaplan Group; Caliphate State

Association of Orangemen

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Protestant political organization in Northern Ireland; Orange Order

Association of Southeast Asian Nations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an association of nations dedicated to economic and political cooperation in southeastern Asia and who joined with the United States to fight against global terrorism; ASEAN

Assumption of Mary

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. celebration in the Roman Catholic Church of the Virgin Mary's being taken up into heaven when her earthly life ended; corresponds to the Dormition in the Eastern Orthodox Church; Assumption; August 15

Attorney General of the United States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the position of the head of the Justice Department and the chief law enforcement officer of the United States; Attorney General

Augustine of Hippo

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) one of the great Fathers of the early Christian church; after a dramatic conversion to Christianity he became bishop of Hippo Regius in North Africa; St. Augustine emphasized man's need for grace (354-430); Augustine; Saint Augustine; St. Augustine

Bachelor of Arts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in arts and sciences; BA; Artium Baccalaurens; AB

Bachelor of Arts in Library Science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in library science; ABLS

Bachelor of Arts in Nursing

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in nursing; BAN

Bachelor of Divinity

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in religion; BD

Bachelor of Laws

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a three-year law degree; LLB

Bachelor of Literature

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in literature; BLitt

Bachelor of Medicine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (a British degree) a bachelor's degree in medicine; MB

Bachelor of Music

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in music; BMus

Bachelor of Naval Science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in naval science; BNS

Bachelor of Science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in science; BS; SB

Bachelor of Science in Architecture

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in architecture; BSArch

Bachelor of Science in Engineering

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in engineering

Bachelor of Theology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bachelor's degree in theology; ThB

Band of Partisans

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an extremist Palestinian Sunni group active in Lebanon in the early 1990s that advocates Salafism; responsible for murders and bombings; seeks to overthrow the Lebanese government and control Palestinian refugee camps; funded by al-Qaeda; Asbat al-Ansar

Bank of England

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the central bank of England and Wales

Bank of Japan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the central bank of Japan

Bard of Avon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English poet and dramatist considered one of the greatest English writers (1564-1616); Shakespeare; William Shakespeare; Shakspere; William Shakspere

Baron Clive of Plassey

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British general and statesman whose victory at Plassey in 1757 strengthened British control of India (1725-1774); Clive; Robert Clive; Baron Clive

Baron Lloyd Webber of Sydmonton

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English composer of many successful musicals (some in collaboration with Sir Tim Rice) (born in 1948); Lloyd Webber; Andrew Lloyd Webber

Baron Olivier of Birghton

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English actor best know for his Shakespearean roles (1907-1989); Olivier; Laurence Olivier; Sir Laurence Kerr Olivier

Baron Snow of Leicester

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English writer of novels about moral dilemmas in academe (1905-1980); Snow; C. P. Snow; Charles Percy Snow

Baroness Jackson of Lodsworth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English economist and conservationist (1914-1981); Ward; Barbara Ward

Baroness Thatcher of Kesteven

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British stateswoman; first woman to serve as Prime Minister (born in 1925); Thatcher; Margaret Thatcher; Margaret Hilda Thatcher; Iron Lady

Basil of Caesarea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) the bishop of Caesarea who defended the Roman Catholic Church against the heresies of the 4th century; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-379); Basil; St. Basil; Basil the Great; St. Basil the Great

Battle of Britain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the prolonged bombardment of British cities by the German Luftwaffe during World War II and the aerial combat that accompanied it

Battle of Bull Run

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. either of two battles during the American Civil War (1861 and 1862); Confederate forces defeated the Federal army in both battles; Bull Run

Battle of El Alamein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a pitched battle in World War II (1942) resulting in a decisive Allied victory by British troops under Montgomery over German troops under Rommel; El Alamein; Al Alamayn

Battle of Flodden Field

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 1513; the English defeated the invading Scots and James IV was killed; Flodden

Battle of Fontenoy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 1745 in which the French army under Marshal Saxe defeated the English army and their allies under the duke of Cumberland; Fontenoy

Battle of Fredericksburg

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an important battle in the American Civil War (1862); the Union Army under A. E. Burnside was defeated by the Confederate Army under Robert E. Lee; Fredericksburg

Battle of Gettysburg

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle of the American Civil War (1863); the defeat of Robert E. Lee's invading Confederate Army was a major victory for the Union; Gettysburg

Battle of Granicus River

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the battle in which Alexander won his first major victory against the Persians (334 BC); Granicus

Battle of Guadalcanal

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in World War II in the Pacific (1942-1943); the island was occupied by the Japanese and later recaptured by American forces; Guadalcanal

Battle of Jena

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the battle in 1806 in which Napoleon decisively defeated the Prussians; Jena

Battle of Kerbala

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 680 in which the grandson of Mohammed and his followers were killed

Battle of Lake Trasimenus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 217 BC in which Hannibal ambushed a Roman army led by Flaminius; Lake Trasimenus

Battle of Lepanto

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Turkish sea power was destroyed in 1571 by a league of Christian nations organized by the Pope; Lepanto

Battle of Little Bighorn

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876); Custer was pursuing Sioux led by Sitting Bull; Custer underestimated the size of the Sioux forces (which were supported by Cheyenne warriors) and was killed along with all his command; Little Bighorn; Battle of the Little Bighorn; Custer's Last Stand

Battle of Magenta

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 1859 in which the French and Sardinian forces under Napoleon III defeated the Austrians under Francis Joseph I; Magenta

Battle of Maldon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in which the Danes defeated the Saxons in 991; celebrated in an old English poem; Maldon

Battle of Midway

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. naval battle of World War II (June 1942); American planes based on land and on carriers decisively defeated a Japanese fleet on its way to invade the Midway Islands; Midway

Battle of Monmouth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a pitched battle in New Jersey during the American Revolution (1778) that ended with the withdrawal of British forces; Monmouth Court House; Battle of Monmouth Court House

Battle of Monmouth Court House

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a pitched battle in New Jersey during the American Revolution (1778) that ended with the withdrawal of British forces; Monmouth Court House; Battle of Monmouth

Battle of Naseby

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 1645 that settled the outcome of the first English Civil War as the Parliamentarians won a major victory over the Royalists; Naseby

Battle of Puebla

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in which Mexican forces defeated the French in 1862

Battle of Pydna

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a major victory by the Romans over the Macedonians in 168 BC; resulted in the downfall of the ancient Macedonian kingdom; Pydna

Battle of Ravenna

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle between the French and an alliance of Spaniards and Swiss and Venetians in 1512; Ravenna

Battle of Rocroi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in the Thirty Years' War (1643); the French defeated the Spanish invaders; Rocroi

Battle of Wake

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. in December 1941 the island was captured by the Japanese after a gallant last-ditch stand by a few hundred United States marines; Battle of Wake Island

Battle of Wake Island

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. in December 1941 the island was captured by the Japanese after a gallant last-ditch stand by a few hundred United States marines; Battle of Wake

Battle of Waterloo

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the battle on 18 June 1815 in which Prussian and British forces under Blucher and the Duke of Wellington routed the French forces under Napoleon; Waterloo

Battle of the Ardennes Bulge

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle during World War II; in December 1944 von Rundstedt launched a powerful counteroffensive in the forest at Ardennes and caught the Allies by surprise; Battle of the Bulge; Ardennes counteroffensive

Battle of the Bulge

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle during World War II; in December 1944 von Rundstedt launched a powerful counteroffensive in the forest at Ardennes and caught the Allies by surprise; Battle of the Ardennes Bulge; Ardennes counteroffensive

Battle of the Little Bighorn

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in Montana near the Little Bighorn River between United States cavalry under Custer and several groups of Native Americans (1876); Custer was pursuing Sioux led by Sitting Bull; Custer underestimated the size of the Sioux forces (which were supported by Cheyenne warriors) and was killed along with all his command; Little Bighorn; Battle of Little Bighorn; Custer's Last Stand

Battle of the Marne

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a World War I battle in northwestern France where the Allies defeated the Germans in 1918; Belleau Wood; Chateau-Thierry; Marne River

Battle of the Somme

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. battle of World War II (1944); Somme; Somme River
  2. battle in World War I (1916); Somme; Somme River

Battle of the Spanish Armada

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. in the English Channel a small fleet of British ships successfully defeated the large armada sent from Spain by Philip II to invade England

Bay of Bengal

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Indian Ocean to the east of India

Bay of Biscay

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Atlantic Ocean in western Europe; bordered by the west coast of France and the north coast of Spain

Bay of Campeche

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a part of the Gulf of Mexico to the west of Yucatan; Gulf of Campeche; Golfo de Campeche

Bay of Fundy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bay of the North Atlantic between New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; noted for rapid tides as great as 70 feet

Bay of Naples

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Tyrrhenian Sea at Naples

Bay of Ob

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inlet of the Kara Sea in western Siberia; Gulf of Ob

Bearer of the Sword

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a small gang of terrorist thugs claiming to seek a separate Islamic state for the Muslim minority in the Philippines; uses bombing and assassination and extortion and kidnapping; Abu Sayyaf

Bight of Benin

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a broad indentation of the Gulf of Guinea in western Africa

Bill of Rights

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a statement of fundamental rights and privileges (especially the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution)

Bishop of Rome

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the head of the Roman Catholic Church; pope; Catholic Pope; Roman Catholic Pope; pontiff; Holy Father; Vicar of Christ

Black Hole of Calcutta

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a dungeon (20 feet square) in a fort in Calcutta where as many as 146 English prisoners were held overnight by Siraj-ud-daula; the next morning only 23 were still alive

Board of Trade unit

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a unit of energy equal to the work done by a power of 1000 watts operating for one hour; kilowatt hour; kW-hr; B.T.U.

Book of Amos

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling Amos's prophecies; Amos

Book of Baruch

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book ascribed to Baruch; Baruch

Book of Common Prayer

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the Anglican service book of the Church of England; has had several revisions since the Reformation and is widely admired for the dignity and beauty of its language

Book of Daniel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar; Daniel; Book of the Prophet Daniel

Book of Deuteronomy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the fifth book of the Old Testament; contains a second statement of Mosaic law; Deuteronomy

Book of Ecclesiastes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book consisting of reflections on the vanity of human life; is traditionally attributed to Solomon but probably was written about 250 BC; Ecclesiastes

Book of Esther

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling of a beautiful Jewess who became queen of Persia and saved her people from massacre; Esther

Book of Exodus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the second book of the Old Testament: tells of the departure of the Israelites out of slavery in Egypt led by Moses; God gave them the Ten Commandments and the rest of Mosaic law on Mount Sinai during the Exodus; Exodus

Book of Ezekiel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book containing Ezekiel's prophecies of the downfall of Jerusalem and Judah and their subsequent restoration; Ezekiel; Ezechiel

Book of Ezra

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling of a rabbi's efforts in the 5th century BC to reconstitute Jewish law and worship in Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity; Ezra

Book of Genesis

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the first book of the Old Testament: tells of Creation; Adam and Eve; the Fall of Man; Cain and Abel; Noah and the flood; God's covenant with Abraham; Abraham and Isaac; Jacob and Esau; Joseph and his brothers; Genesis

Book of Habakkuk

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling Habakkuk's prophecies; Habakkuk; Habacuc

Book of Haggai

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Haggai which are concerned mainly with rebuilding the temples after the Babylonian Captivity; Haggai; Aggeus

Book of Hosea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling Hosea's prophecies; Hosea

Book of Isaiah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book consisting of Isaiah's prophecies; Isaiah

Book of Jeremiah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a book in the Old Testament containing the oracles of the prophet Jeremiah; Jeremiah

Book of Job

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a book in the Old Testament containing Job's pleas to God about his afflictions and God's reply; Job

Book of Joel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling Joel's prophecies; Joel

Book of Jonah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a book in the Old Testament that tells the story of Jonah and the whale; Jonah

Book of Joshua

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a book in the Old Testament describing how Joshua led the Israelites into Canaan (the Promised Land) after the death of Moses; Joshua; Josue

Book of Judges

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a book of the Old Testament that tells the history of Israel under the leaders known as judges; Judges

Book of Judith

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book telling how Judith saved her people; Judith

Book of Lamentations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book lamenting the desolation of Judah after the destruction of Jerusalem in 586 BC; traditionally attributed to the prophet Jeremiah; Lamentations

Book of Leviticus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the third book of the Old Testament; contains Levitical law and ritual precedents; Leviticus

Book of Malachi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book containing the prophecies of Malachi; Malachi; Malachias

Book of Micah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Micah foretelling the destruction of Jerusalem; Micah; Micheas

Book of Mormon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a sacred text revealed to Joseph Smith in 1830 by an ancient prophet Mormon; supposedly a record of ancient peoples of America translated by Joseph Smith

Book of Nahum

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling Nahum's prophecy of the fall of Nineveh; Nahum

Book of Nehemiah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling how a Jewish official at the court of Artaxerxes I in 444 BC became a leader in rebuilding Jerusalem after the Babylonian Captivity; Nehemiah

Book of Numbers

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the fourth book of the Old Testament; contains a record of the number of Israelites who followed Moses out of Egypt; Numbers

Book of Obadiah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling Obadiah's prophecies; the shortest book in the Christian Bible; Obadiah; Abdias

Book of Proverbs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book consisting of proverbs from various Israeli sages (including Solomon); Proverbs

Book of Psalms

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of 150 Psalms; Psalms
  2. a collection of Psalms for liturgical use; Psalter

Book of Revelation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the last book of the New Testament; contains visionary descriptions of heaven and of conflicts between good and evil and of the end of the world; attributed to Saint John the Apostle; Revelation; Revelation of Saint John the Divine; Apocalypse

Book of Ruth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a book of the Old Testament that tells the story of Ruth who was not an Israelite but who married an Israelite and who stayed with her mother-in-law Naomi after her husband died; Ruth

Book of Susanna

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel; Susanna

Book of Tobit

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book that was a popular novel for several centuries; Tobit

Book of Zachariah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zechariah which are concerned mainly with the renewal of Israel after the Babylonian Captivity; Zechariah; Zacharias

Book of Zephaniah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book telling the prophecies of Zephaniah which are concerned mainly with the approaching judgment by God upon the sinners of Judah; Zephaniah; Sophonias

Book of the Prophet Daniel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book that tells of the apocalyptic visions and the experiences of Daniel in the court of Nebuchadnezzar; Daniel; Book of Daniel

Boy Orator of the Platte

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. United States lawyer and politician who advocated free silver and prosecuted John Scopes (1925) for teaching evolution in a Tennessee high school (1860-1925); Bryan; William Jennings Bryan; Great Commoner

Boy Scouts of America

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a corporation that operates through a national council that charters local councils all over the United States; the purpose is character building and citizenship training

Bradley method of childbirth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a method that prepares a mother for natural childbirth by providing education and exercises and nutrition and techniques of breathing and relaxation (with the assistance of the father); Bradley method

British House of Commons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the lower house of the British parliament; House of Commons

British House of Lords

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the upper house of the British parliament; House of Lords

Bruno of Toul

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. German pope from 1049 to 1054 whose papacy was the beginning of papal reforms in the 11th century (1002-1054); Leo IX; Bruno

Bureau of Alcohol Tobacco and Firearms

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the law enforcement and tax collection agency of the Treasury Department that enforces federal laws concerning alcohol and tobacco products and firearms and explosives and arson; ATF

Bureau of Customs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the agency of the Treasury Department that enforces import tariffs; Customs Bureau; Customs Service; USCB

Bureau of Diplomatic Security

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the bureau in the State Department that is responsible for the security of diplomats and embassies overseas; DS

Bureau of Engraving and Printing

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the agency of the Treasury Department that produces currency

Bureau of Intelligence and Research

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agency that is the primary source in the State Department for interpretive analyses of global developments and focal point for policy issues and activities of the Intelligence Community; INR

Bureau of Justice Assistance

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the bureau in the Department of Justice that assists local criminal justice systems to reduce or prevent crime and violence and drug abuse; BJA

Bureau of Justice Statistics

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the agency in the Department of Justice that is the primary source of criminal justice statistics for federal and local policy makers; BJS

Bureau of the Census

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the bureau of the Commerce Department responsible for taking the census; provides demographic information and analyses about the population of the United States; Census Bureau

Canticle of Canticles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later; Song of Songs; Song of Solomon; Canticles

Canticle of Simeon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the prayer of Simeon (Luke 2:29-32); Nunc dimittis

Cape of Good Hope

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a point of land in southwestern South Africa (south of Cape Town)
  2. a province of western South Africa

Cape of Good Hope Province

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a former province of southern South Africa that was settled by the Dutch in 1652 and ceded to Great Britain in 1814; in 1994 it was split into three new provinces of South Africa; Cape Province; Cape Colony

Catherine of Aragon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. first wife of Henry VIII; Henry VIII's divorce from her was the initial step of the Reformation in England (1485-1536); Catherine

Chancellor of the Exchequer

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the British cabinet minister responsible for finance; Chancellor

Church of Christ Scientist

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Protestant denomination founded by Mary Baker Eddy in 1866; Christian Science

Church of England

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the national church of England (and all other churches in other countries that share its beliefs); has its see in Canterbury and the sovereign as its temporal head; Anglican Church; Anglican Communion

Church of Ireland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. autonomous branch of the Church of England in Ireland

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. church founded by Joseph Smith in 1830 with headquarters in Salt Lake City, Utah; Mormon Church; Mormons

Church of Rome

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the Christian Church based in the Vatican and presided over by a pope and an episcopal hierarchy; Roman Catholic; Western Church; Roman Catholic Church; Roman Church

Church of Scientology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a new religion founded by L. Ron Hubbard in 1955 and characterized by a belief in the power of a person's spirit to clear itself of past painful experiences through self-knowledge and spiritual fulfillment; Scientology

Church of the Brethren

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Baptist denomination founded in 1708 by Americans of German descent; opposed to military service and taking legal oaths; practiced trine immersion; Dunkers; Dippers

City of Bridges

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a city in northwestern Belgium that is connected by canal to the North Sea; in the 13th century it was a leading member of the Hanseatic League; the old city (known as the City of Bridges) is a popular tourist attraction; Bruges

City of Brotherly Love

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the largest city in Pennsylvania; located in the southeastern part of the state on the Delaware river; site of Independence Hall where the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution were signed; site of the University of Pennsylvania; Philadelphia

City of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. phrases used to refer to Heaven; Celestial City; Heavenly City; Holy City

City of Light

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the capital and largest city of France; and international center of culture and commerce; Paris; French capital; capital of France

City of London

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the part of London situated within the ancient boundaries; the commercial and financial center of London; the City

City of Westminster

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a borough of Greater London on the Thames; contains Buckingham Palace and the Houses of Parliament and Westminster Abbey; Westminster

City of the Angels

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a city in southern California; motion picture capital of the world; most populous city of California and second largest in the United States; Los Angeles

Co-operative Republic of Guyana

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northeastern South America; formerly part of the British Empire, but it achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1966; Guyana; British Guiana

College of Cardinals

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) the body of cardinals who advise the Pope and elect new Popes; Sacred College

Colossus of Rhodes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a huge bronze statue of the sun god Helios that was built around 285 BC and that stood beside the harbor entrance on the island of Rhodes for about 50 years before it was toppled by an earthquake

Commission on the Status of Women

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the commission of the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations that is concerned with the status of women in different societies

Commonwealth of Australia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a nation occupying the whole of the Australian continent; Aboriginal tribes are thought to have migrated from southeastern Asia 20,000 years ago; first Europeans were British convicts sent there as a penal colony; Australia

Commonwealth of Dominica

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country on the island of Dominica; Dominica

Commonwealth of Independent States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an alliance made up of states that had been Soviet Socialist Republics in the Soviet Union prior to its dissolution in Dec 1991; CIS

Commonwealth of Nations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an association of nations consisting of the United Kingdom and several former British colonies that are now sovereign states but still pay allegiance to the British Crown; British Commonwealth

Commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a self-governing commonwealth associated with the United States occupying the island of Puerto Rico; Puerto Rico; Porto Rico; PR

Commonwealth of the Bahamas

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. island country in the Atlantic to the east of Florida and Cuba; a popular winter resort; Bahamas; Bahama Islands

Communist Party of Kampuchea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970; became a terrorist organization in 1975 when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until 1999; Khmer Rouge; KR; Party of Democratic Kampuchea

Comptroller of the Currency

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a United States federal official who regulates the national banks
  2. the agency of the Treasury Department responsible for controlling the currency

Confederate States of America

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861; Confederacy; Confederate States; South; Dixie; Dixieland

Congregation of the Inquisition

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inquisition set up in Italy in 1542 to curb the number of Protestants; Roman Inquisition

Congress of Industrial Organizations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a federation of North American industrial unions that merged with the American Federation of Labor in 1955; CIO

Congress of Racial Equality

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to work for racial equality; CORE

Congressional Medal of Honor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the highest U.S. military decoration awarded for bravery and valor in action `above and beyond the call of duty'; Medal of Honor

Constitution of the United States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the constitution written at the Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 and subsequently ratified by the original thirteen states; United States Constitution; U.S. Constitution; US Constitution; Constitution

Cooper Union for the Advancement of Science and Art

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. university founded in 1859 by Peter Cooper to offer free courses in the arts and sciences; Cooper Union

Council of Basel-Ferrara-Florence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the council in 1431-1439 that concentrated on the elimination of heresies and on reforms within the Roman Catholic Church

Council of Chalcedon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the fourth ecumenical council in 451 which defined the two natures (human and divine) of Christ; Chalcedon

Council of Constance

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the council in 1414-1418 that succeeded in ending the Great Schism in the Roman Catholic Church; Constance

Council of Economic Advisors

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an executive agency responsible for providing economic advice to the President

Council of Ephesus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the third ecumenical council in 431 which declared Mary as mother of God and condemned Pelagius; Ephesus

Council of Trent

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a council of the Roman Catholic Church convened in Trento in three sessions between 1545 and 1563 to examine and condemn the teachings of Martin Luther and other Protestant reformers; redefined the Roman Catholic doctrine and abolished various ecclesiastical abuses and strengthened the papacy

Council of Vienne

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the council in 1311-1313 that dealt with alleged crimes of the Knights Templar, planned a new crusade, and took on the reformation of the clergy; Vienne

Court of Saint James 's

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the British royal court

Criminal Intelligence Services of Canada

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agency of the Canadian government that unifies the intelligence units of Canadian law enforcement agencies; CISC

Dalton 's law of partial pressures

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry and physics) law stating that the pressure exerted by a mixture of gases equals the sum of the partial pressures of the gases in the mixture; the pressure of a gas in a mixture equals the pressure it would exert if it occupied the same volume alone at the same temperature; Dalton's law; law of partial pressures

Day of Atonement

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a solemn and major fast day on the Jewish calendar; 10th of Tishri; its observance is one of the requirements of the Mosaic law; Yom Kippur

Day of Judgement

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (New Testament) day at the end of time following Armageddon when God will decree the fates of all individual humans according to the good and evil of their earthly lives; Judgment Day; Judgement Day; Day of Judgment; Doomsday; Last Judgment; Last Judgement; Last Day; eschaton; day of reckoning; doomsday; crack of doom; end of the world

Day of Judgment

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (New Testament) day at the end of time following Armageddon when God will decree the fates of all individual humans according to the good and evil of their earthly lives; Judgment Day; Judgement Day; Day of Judgement; Doomsday; Last Judgment; Last Judgement; Last Day; eschaton; day of reckoning; doomsday; crack of doom; end of the world

Declaration of Independence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the document recording the proclamation of the second Continental Congress (4 July 1776) asserting the independence of the Colonies from Great Britain

Defender of the Faith

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a title that Leo X bestowed on Henry VIII and later withdrew; parliament restored the title and it has been used by English sovereigns ever since

Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Marxist-Leninist group that believes Palestinian goals can only be achieved by revolutionary change; DFLP; Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine; PDFLP

Democratic People 's Republic of Korea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communist country in the northern half of the Korean Peninsula; established in 1948; North Korea; D.P.R.K.; DPRK

Democratic Republic of Sao Tome and Principe

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. island nation in the South Atlantic off the west coast of Africa; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975; has enormous offshore oil reserves; Sao Tome and Principe; Sao Tome e Principe; Sao Thome e Principe; St. Thomas and Principe

Democratic Republic of the Congo

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in central Africa; achieved independence from Belgium in 1960; Congo; Zaire; Belgian Congo

Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of the United Kingdom in 1948; Sri Lanka; Ceylon

Democratic and Popular Republic of Algeria

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean Sea with a population that is predominantly Sunni Muslim; colonized by France in the 19th century but gained autonomy in the early 1960s; Algeria; Algerie

Department of Agriculture

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy); created in 1862; Agriculture Department; Agriculture; USDA

Department of Commerce

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department that promotes and administers domestic and foreign trade (including management of the census and the patent office); created in 1913; Commerce Department; Commerce; DoC

Department of Commerce and Labor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a former executive department of the United States government; created in 1903 and split into two departments in 1913

Department of Defense

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department responsible for safeguarding national security of the United States; created in 1947; Defense Department; United States Department of Defense; Defense; DoD

Department of Defense Laboratory System

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a defense laboratory that provides essential services in fundamental science for national security and environmental protection and provides technologies that contribute to industrial competitiveness; LABLINK

Department of Education

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with education (including federal aid to educational institutions and students); created 1979; Education Department; Education

Department of Energy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department responsible for maintaining a national energy policy of the United States; created in 1977; Energy Department; Energy; DOE

Department of Energy Intelligence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agency that collects political and economic and technical information about energy matters and makes the Department of Energy's technical and analytical expertise available to other members of the Intelligence Community; DOEI

Department of Health Education and Welfare

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a former executive department of the United States government; created in 1953 and divided in 1979

Department of Health and Human Services

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department that administers all federal programs dealing with health and welfare; created in 1979; Health and Human Services; HHS

Department of Homeland Security

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department that administers all matters relating to homeland security; Homeland Security

Department of Housing and Urban Development

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department that administers federal programs dealing with better housing and urban renewal; created in 1965; Housing and Urban Development; HUD

Department of Justice

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department responsible for enforcing federal laws (including the enforcement of all civil rights legislation); created in 1870; Justice Department; Justice; DoJ

Department of Justice Canada

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agency of the Canadian government that provides litigation and legal advice and opinions to the government; DoJC

Department of Labor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department responsible for promoting the working conditions of wage earners in the United States; created in 1913; Labor Department; Labor; DoL

Department of State

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies; United States Department of State; State Department; State; DoS

Department of Transportation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department that institutes and coordinates national transportation programs; created in 1966; Transportation; DoT

Department of Veterans Affairs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department responsible for the interests of military veterans; created in 1989; VA

Department of the Interior

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United States federal department charged with conservation and the development of natural resources; created in 1849; Interior Department; Interior; DoI

Department of the Treasury

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department that collects revenue and administers federal finances; the Treasury Department was created in 1789; Treasury Department; Treasury; United States Treasury

Director of Central Intelligence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the head of the United States Intelligence Community and director of the Central Intelligence Agency; DCI

Disciples of Christ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Protestant church that accepts the Bible as the only source of true Christian faith and practices baptism by immersion; Christian Church

District of Columbia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the district occupied entirely by the city of Washington; chosen by George Washington as the site of the capital of the United States and created out of land ceded by Maryland and Virginia; D.C.; DC

Doctor of Arts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary arts degree; ArtsD
  2. a doctor's degree with a special disciplinary focus; D.A.

Doctor of Dental Medicine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in dental medicine; DMD

Doctor of Dental Surgery

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in dental surgery; DDS

Doctor of Divinity

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in religion; DD

Doctor of Education

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in education; EdD; DEd

Doctor of Fine Arts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary degree in fine arts

Doctor of Humane Letters

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary degree in letters

Doctor of Humanities

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary degree in the humanities

Doctor of Laws

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary law degree; LLD

Doctor of Medicine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in medicine; MD

Doctor of Music

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in music; DMus; MusD

Doctor of Musical Arts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in musical arts; AMusD

Doctor of Optometry

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in optometry; OD

Doctor of Osteopathy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. doctor's degree in osteopathy; DO

Doctor of Philosophy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctorate awarded for original contributions to knowledge

Doctor of Public Health

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in preventive medicine; DPH

Doctor of Sacred Theology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in theology; STD

Doctor of Science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary degree in science; DS; ScD

Doctor of Theology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a doctor's degree in theology; ThD

Doctor of the Church

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) a title conferred on 33 saints who distinguished themselves through the orthodoxy of their theological teaching; Doctor

Duchess of Ferrara

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Italian noblewoman and patron of the arts (1480-1519); Borgia; Lucrezia Borgia

Duchess of Windsor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. United States divorcee whose marriage to Edward VIII created a constitutional crisis leading to his abdication; Simpson; Mrs. Simpson; Wallis Warfield Simpson; Wallis Warfield Windsor

Duke of Argyll 's tea tree

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. deciduous erect or spreading shrub with spiny branches and violet-purple flowers followed by orange-red berries; southeastern Europe to China; common matrimony vine; Lycium barbarum; Lycium halimifolium

Duke of Cumberland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English general; son of George II; fought unsuccessfully in the battle of Fontenoy (1721-1765); Cumberland; William Augustus; Butcher Cumberland

Duke of Edinburgh

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Englishman and husband of Elizabeth II (born 1921); Philip; Prince Philip

Duke of Lancaster

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the fourth son of Edward III who was the effective ruler of England during the close of his father's reign and during the minority of Richard II; his son was Henry Bolingbroke (1340-1399); John of Gaunt

Duke of Marlborough

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722); Churchill; John Churchill; First Duke of Marlborough

Duke of Wellington

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British general and statesman; he defeated Napoleon at Waterloo; subsequently served as Prime Minister (1769-1852); Wellington; First Duke of Wellington; Arthur Wellesley; Iron Duke

Duke of Windsor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. King of England and Ireland in 1936; his marriage to Wallis Warfield Simpson created a constitutional crisis leading to his abdication (1894-1972); Edward; Edward VIII

Earl of Leicester

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an English nobleman who led the baronial rebellion against Henry III (1208-1265); Montfort; Simon de Montfort

Earl of Warwick

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English statesman; during the War of the Roses he fought first for the house of York and secured the throne for Edward IV and then changed sides to fight for the house of Lancaster and secured the throne for Henry VI (1428-1471); Warwick; Richard Neville; Kingmaker

Einstein 's general theory of relativity

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a generalization of special relativity to include gravity (based on the principle of equivalence); general relativity; general theory of relativity; general relativity theory

Einstein 's special theory of relativity

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a physical theory of relativity based on the assumption that the speed of light in a vacuum is a constant and the assumption that the laws of physics are invariant in all inertial systems; special relativity; special theory of relativity; special relativity theory

Einstein 's theory of relativity

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (physics) the theory that space and time are relative concepts rather than absolute concepts; relativity; theory of relativity; relativity theory

Eleanor of Aquitaine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. queen of France as the wife of Louis VII; that marriage was annulled in 1152 and she then married Henry II and became Queen of England (1122-1204)

Emperor of Rome

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. sovereign of the Roman Empire; Roman Emperor

Empire State of the South

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a state in southeastern United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; Georgia; Peach State; GA

Epiphany of Our Lord

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. twelve days after Christmas; celebrates the visit of the three wise men to the infant Jesus; Epiphany; Twelfth day; Three Kings' Day; January 6

Episcopal Church of Scotland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an autonomous branch of the Anglican Communion in Scotland; Episcopal Church

Epistle of James

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book attributed to Saint James the Apostle; James

Epistle of Jeremiah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book consisting of a letter ascribed to Jeremiah to the Jews in exile in Babylon warning them against idolatry; Letter of Jeremiah

Epistle of Jude

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book attributed to Saint Jude; Jude

Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Philemon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to Philemon asking Philemon to forgive the slave for escaping; Epistle to Philemon; Philemon

Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Titus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's epistle to Titus; contains advice on pastoral matters; Epistle to Titus; Titus

Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Colossians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to the Colossians in ancient Phrygia; Epistle to the Colossians; Colossians

Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Ephesians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing the epistle from Saint Paul to the Ephesians which explains the divine plan for the world and the consummation of this in Christ; Epistle to the Ephesians; Ephesians

Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Galatians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing the epistle from Saint Paul to the Galatians; Epistle to the Galatians; Galatians

Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Philippians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing an epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Philippi in Macedonia; Epistle to the Philippians; Philippians

Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Romans

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing an exposition of the doctrines of Saint Paul; written in AD 58; Epistle to the Romans; Romans

Eusebius of Caesarea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Christian bishop of Caesarea in Palestine; a church historian and a leading early Christian exegete (circa 270-340); Eusebius

Executive Office of the President

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the branch of the United States government that is responsible for carrying out the laws; executive branch

Eye of Ra

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a lion-headed Egyptian goddess; typifies life-destroying power of the sun; Sekhet

Fall of Man

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judeo-Christian mythology) when Adam and Eve ate of the fruit of the tree of knowledge of good and evil in the Garden of Eden, God punished them by driving them out of the Garden of Eden and into the world where they would be subject to sickness and pain and eventual death

Fast of Ab

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a major fast day on the Jewish calendar commemorating the destruction of the temples in Jerusalem; Tishah b'Av; Tishah b'Ab; Tisha b'Av; Tisha b'Ab; Ninth of Av; Ninth of Ab; Fast of Av

Fast of Av

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a major fast day on the Jewish calendar commemorating the destruction of the temples in Jerusalem; Tishah b'Av; Tishah b'Ab; Tisha b'Av; Tisha b'Ab; Ninth of Av; Ninth of Ab; Fast of Ab

Fast of Esther

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a minor fast day on Adar 13 commemorates three days that Esther fasted before approaching the Persian king on behalf of the Jewish people; the fast is connected with Purim

Fast of Gedaliah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a minor fast day on Tishri 3 that commemorates the killing of the Jewish governor of Judah

Fast of Tammuz

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a minor fast day on Tammuz 17 when the walls of Jerusalem were breached

Fast of Tevet

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a minor fast day on Tevet 10 commemorates the beginning of the siege of Jerusalem and has also been proclaimed a memorial day for the six million Jews who died in the Holocaust

Fast of the Firstborn

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a minor fast day on Nissan 14 that is observed only by firstborn males; it is observed on the day before Passover

Father of Radio

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. United States electrical engineer who in 1907 patented the first triode vacuum tube, which made it possible to detect and amplify radio waves (1873-1961); De Forest; Lee De Forest

Father of the Church

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Christianity) any of about 70 theologians in the period from the 2nd to the 7th century whose writing established and confirmed official church doctrine; in the Roman Catholic Church some were later declared saints and became Doctor of the Church; the best known Latin Church Fathers are Ambrose, Augustine, Gregory the Great, and Jerome; those who wrote in Greek include Athanasius, Basil, Gregory Nazianzen, and John Chrysostom; Church Father; Father

Father of the Submarine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. American inventor who in 1775 designed a man-propelled submarine that was ineffectual but subsequently earned him recognition as a submarine pioneer (1742-1824); Bushnell; David Bushnell

Feast of Booths

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a major Jewish festival beginning on the eve of the 15th of Tishri and commemorating the shelter of the Israelites during their 40 years in the wilderness; Succoth; Sukkoth; Succos; Feast of Tabernacles; Tabernacles

Feast of Dedication

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC; Hanukkah; Hanukah; Hannukah; Chanukah; Chanukkah; Channukah; Channukkah; Festival of Lights; Feast of Lights; Feast of the Dedication

Feast of Dormition

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. celebration in the Eastern Orthodox Church of the Virgin Mary's being taken up into heaven when her earthly life ended; corresponds to the Assumption in the Roman Catholic Church and is also celebrated on August 15th; Dormition

Feast of Lights

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC; Hanukkah; Hanukah; Hannukah; Chanukah; Chanukkah; Channukah; Channukkah; Festival of Lights; Feast of Dedication; Feast of the Dedication

Feast of Sacrifice

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the 10th day of Dhu'l-Hijja; all Muslims attend a service in the mosques and those who are not pilgrims perform a ritual slaughter of a sheep (commemorating God's ransom of Abraham's son from sacrifice) and give at least a third of the meat to charity; Id al-Adha

Feast of Tabernacles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a major Jewish festival beginning on the eve of the 15th of Tishri and commemorating the shelter of the Israelites during their 40 years in the wilderness; Succoth; Sukkoth; Succos; Feast of Booths; Tabernacles

Feast of Weeks

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) Jewish holy day celebrated on the sixth of Sivan to celebrate Moses receiving the Ten Commandments; Shavous; Shabuoth; Shavuoth; Shavuot; Pentecost

Feast of the Circumcision

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church and Anglican Church) feast day celebrating the circumcision of Jesus; celebrated on January 1st; Circumcision; January 1

Feast of the Dedication

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC; Hanukkah; Hanukah; Hannukah; Chanukah; Chanukkah; Channukah; Channukkah; Festival of Lights; Feast of Lights; Feast of Dedication

Feast of the Unleavened Bread

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a Jewish festival (traditionally 8 days from Nissan 15) celebrating the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt; Passover; Pesach; Pesah

Federal Bureau of Investigation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a federal law enforcement agency that is the principal investigative arm of the Department of Justice; FBI

Federal Bureau of Prisons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the law enforcement agency of the Justice Department that operates a nationwide system of prisons and detention facilities to incarcerate inmates sentenced to imprisonment for federal crimes; BoP

Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Ethiopia is a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; formerly called Abyssinia; Ethiopia; Yaltopya; Abyssinia

Federal Islamic Republic of the Comoros

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country on the Comoro Islands; Comoros

Federal Republic of Germany

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in central Europe; split into East Germany and West Germany after World War II and reunited in 1990; Germany; Deutschland; FRG
  2. a republic in north central Europe on the North Sea; established in 1949 from the zones of Germany occupied by the British and French and Americans after the German defeat; reunified with East Germany in 1990; West Germany

Federal Republic of Nigeria

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; gained independence from Britain in 1960; most populous African country; Nigeria

Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous republic in southeastern Europe bordering on the Adriatic Sea; formed from two of the six republics that made up Yugoslavia until 1992; Serbia and Montenegro were known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 2003 when they adopted the name of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro; Serbia and Montenegro; Union of Serbia and Montenegro; Yugoslavia; Jugoslavija

Federated States of Micronesia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country scattered over Micronesia with a constitutional government in free association with the United States; achieved independence in 1986; Micronesia; TT

Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country on several of the Leeward Islands; located to the east southeast of Puerto Rico; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1983; Saint Kitts and Nevis; Saint Christopher-Nevis; St. Christopher-Nevis; St. Kitts and Nevis

Federative Republic of Brazil

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the largest Latin American country and the largest Portuguese speaking country in the world; located in the central and northeastern part of South America; world's leading coffee exporter; Brazil; Brasil

Ferdinand of Aragon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the king of Castile and Aragon who ruled jointly with his wife Isabella; his marriage to Isabella I in 1469 marked the beginning of the modern state of Spain and their capture of Granada from the Moors in 1492 united Spain as one country; they instituted the Spanish Inquisition in 1478 and supported the expedition of Christopher Columbus in 1492 (1452-1516); Ferdinand; King Ferdinand; Ferdinand V; Ferdinand the Catholic

Festival of Lights

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) an eight-day Jewish holiday commemorating the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem in 165 BC; Hanukkah; Hanukah; Hannukah; Chanukah; Chanukkah; Channukah; Channukkah; Feast of Lights; Feast of Dedication; Feast of the Dedication

First Baron Marks of Broughton

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English businessman who created a retail chain (1888-1964); Marks; Simon Marks

First Baron Rutherford of Nelson

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British physicist (born in New Zealand) who discovered the atomic nucleus and proposed a nuclear model of the atom (1871-1937); Rutherford; Ernest Rutherford; First Baron Rutherford

First Council of Constantinople

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the second ecumenical council in 381 which added wording about the Holy Spirit to the Nicene Creed; Constantinople

First Council of Lyons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the council of the Western Church in 1245 that excommunicated Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II and planned a new crusade against the Holy Land; Lyons

First Council of Nicaea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the first ecumenical council in 325 which produced the wording of the Nicene Creed and condemned the heresy of Arianism; Nicaea

First Duke of Marlborough

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English general considered one of the greatest generals in history (1650-1722); Churchill; John Churchill; Duke of Marlborough

First Duke of Wellington

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British general and statesman; he defeated Napoleon at Waterloo; subsequently served as Prime Minister (1769-1852); Wellington; Duke of Wellington; Arthur Wellesley; Iron Duke

First Earl Kitchener of Khartoum

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British field marshal (1850-1916); Kitchener; Herbert Kitchener; Horatio Herbert Kitchener

First Earl of Beaconsfield

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British statesman who as Prime Minister bought controlling interest in the Suez Canal and made Queen Victoria the empress of India (1804-1881); Disraeli; Benjamin Disraeli

First Earl of Chatham

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English statesman who brought the Seven Years' War to an end (1708-1778); Pitt; William Pitt; Pitt the Elder

First Earl of Orford

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Englishman and Whig statesman who (under George I) was effectively the first British prime minister (1676-1745); Walpole; Robert Walpole; Sir Robert Walpole

First Epistle of John

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the first New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle; I John

First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's first epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters; First Epistle to Timothy; I Timothy

First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing the first epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth; First Epistle to the Corinthians; I Corinthians

First Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's first epistle to the Thessalonians; First Epistle to the Thessalonians; I Thessalonians

First Epistle of Peter

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the first New Testament book traditionally attributed to Saint Peter the Apostle; I Peter

First Lord of the Treasury

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the British cabinet minister responsible for economic strategy; Treasury

First Viscount Haldane of Cloan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Scottish statesman and brother of Elizabeth and John Haldane (1856-1928); Haldane; Richard Haldane; Richard Burdon Haldane

First of May

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. observed in many countries to celebrate the coming of spring; observed in Russia and related countries in honor of labor; May Day; May 1

First of October Antifascist Resistance Group

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an armed wing of the (illegal) Communist Party of Spain; seeks to overthrow the Spanish government and replace it with a Marxist-Leninist regime; GRAPO

Firth of Clyde

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a firth on the southwestern coast of Scotland emptying into the North Channel

Firth of Forth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a large firth on the east coast of Scotland and the estuary of the Forth River; location of Edinburgh

Followers of the Phrophet

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a resurgent Islamic fundamentalist organization based in Nigeria that is thought to be planning terrorist attacks; al Sunna Wal Jamma

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the United Nations agency concerned with the international organization of food and agriculture; Food and Agriculture Organization; FAO

Forces of Umar Al-Mukhtar

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a little known Palestinian group responsible for bombings and for killing Israelis; seeks to defeat Israel and liberate southern Lebanon, Palestine, and Golan Heights; Umar al-Mukhtar Forces

Fountain of Youth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a fountain described in folk tales as able to make people young again

Fourth Council of Constantinople

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the council in 869 that condemned Photius who had become the patriarch of Constantinople without approval from the Vatican, thereby precipitating the schism between the eastern and western churches; Constantinople

Fourth Earl of Chesterfield

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. suave and witty English statesman remembered mostly for letters to his son (1694-1773); Chesterfield; Philip Dormer Stanhope

Fourth Earl of Orford

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English writer and historian; son of Sir Robert Walpole (1717-1797); Walpole; Horace Walpole; Horatio Walpole

Fourth of July

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a legal holiday in the United States; Independence Day; July 4

Francis of Assisi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian and the Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars (1181-1226); Saint Francis of Assisi; St. Francis of Assisi; Saint Francis; St. Francis; Giovanni di Bernardone

Garden of Eden

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a beautiful garden where Adam and Eve were placed at the Creation; when they disobeyed and ate the forbidden fruit from the tree of knowledge of good and evil they were driven from their paradise (the fall of man); Eden

Gates of the Arctic National Park

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a large national park in Alaska featuring the Great Mendenhall Glacier

General Certificate of Secondary Education

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the basic level of a subject taken in school; GCSE; O level

Geoffrey of Monmouth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Welsh chronicler who wrote an account of the kings of Britain which is now believed to contain little historical fact but it is a source of the Arthurian legend (circa 1100-1154)

Gestalt law of organization

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization; Gestalt principle of organization

Gestalt principle of organization

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a principle of Gestalt psychology that identifies factors leading to particular forms of perceptual organization; Gestalt law of organization

Gospel of Luke

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. one of the four Gospels in the New Testament; contains details of Jesus's birth and early life; Luke; Gospel According to Luke

Grand Duchy of Luxembourg

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a grand duchy (a constitutional monarchy) landlocked in northwestern Europe between France and Belgium and Germany; an international financial center; Luxembourg; Luxemburg

Great Plains of North America

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a vast prairie region extending from Alberta and Saskatchewan and Manitoba in Canada south through the west central United States into Texas; formerly inhabited by Native Americans; Great Plains

Great Seal of the United States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the seal of the United States government

Great Wall of China

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC; it averages 6 meters in width; Chinese Wall; Great Wall

Gregory of Nazianzen

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) a church father known for his constant fight against perceived heresies; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-391); Gregory; Gregory Nazianzen; St. Gregory of Nazianzen

Guibert of Ravenna

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Italian antipope from 1080 to 1100 who was installed as pope by the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV who consistently opposed efforts at papal reform (died in 1100); Clement III

Gulf of Aden

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. arm of the Indian Ocean at the entrance to the Red Sea

Gulf of Aegina

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a gulf of the Aegean on the southeastern coast of Greece; Saronic Gulf

Gulf of Akaba

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a northeastern arm of the Red Sea; between the Sinai Peninsula (Egypt) and Saudi Arabia; Gulf of Aqaba

Gulf of Alaska

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a gulf of the Pacific Ocean between the Alaska Peninsula and the Alexander Archipelago

Gulf of Antalya

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a gulf of the Mediterranean Sea in southwestern Turkey

Gulf of Aqaba

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a northeastern arm of the Red Sea; between the Sinai Peninsula (Egypt) and Saudi Arabia; Gulf of Akaba

Gulf of Bothnia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a northern arm of the Baltic Sea; between Sweden and Finland

Gulf of California

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a gulf to the west of the mainland of Mexico; Sea of Cortes

Gulf of Campeche

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a part of the Gulf of Mexico to the west of Yucatan; Golfo de Campeche; Bay of Campeche

Gulf of Carpentaria

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a wide shallow inlet of the Arafura Sea in northern Australia; Carpentaria

Gulf of Corinth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. inlet of the Ionian Sea between central Greece and the Peloponnesus; Gulf of Lepanto

Gulf of Finland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an eastern arm of the Baltic Sea; between Finland and Estonia

Gulf of Guinea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a gulf off the southwest coast of Africa

Gulf of Lepanto

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. inlet of the Ionian Sea between central Greece and the Peloponnesus; Gulf of Corinth

Gulf of Martaban

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Andaman Sea off southern Myanmar

Gulf of Mexico

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Atlantic to the south of the United States and to the east of Mexico; Golfo de Mexico

Gulf of Ob

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inlet of the Kara Sea in western Siberia; Bay of Ob

Gulf of Oman

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Arabian Sea connecting it with the Persian Gulf

Gulf of Riga

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inlet of the Baltic Sea between Latvia and Estonia

Gulf of Saint Lawrence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the northwest Atlantic Ocean off the southeastern coast of Canada; Gulf of St. Lawrence

Gulf of Siam

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the South China Sea between Indochina and the Malay Peninsula; Gulf of Thailand

Gulf of Sidra

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. wide inlet of the Mediterranean Sea on the north coast of Libya

Gulf of St. Lawrence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the northwest Atlantic Ocean off the southeastern coast of Canada; Gulf of Saint Lawrence

Gulf of Suez

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a northwestern arm of the Red Sea linked to the Mediterranean by the Suez Canal

Gulf of Tehuantepec

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Pacific in southern Mexico

Gulf of Thailand

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the South China Sea between Indochina and the Malay Peninsula; Gulf of Siam

Gulf of Venice

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Adriatic Sea

Guy of Burgundy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. pope who in 1122 forced the Holy Roman Emperor Henry V to sign a concordat that recognized the right of the church to choose its own leadership (died in 1124); Calixtus II

Hall of Fame

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a building containing trophies honoring famous people

Hanging Gardens of Babylon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terraced garden at Babylon watered by pumps from the Euphrates; construction attributed to Nebuchadnezzar around 600 BC

Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Arab kingdom in southwestern Asia on the Red Sea; Jordan

Heart of Dixie

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a state in the southeastern United States on the Gulf of Mexico; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; Alabama; Camellia State; AL

Helen of Troy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Greek mythology) the beautiful daughter of Zeus and Leda who was abducted by Paris; the Greek army sailed to Troy to get her back which resulted in the Trojan War; Helen

Henry of Navarre

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. king of France from 1589 to 1610; although he was leader of the Huguenot armies, when he succeeded the Catholic Henry III and founded the Bourbon dynasty in 1589 he established religious freedom in France; Henry IV; Henry the Great

Hero of Alexandria

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Greek mathematician and inventor who devised a way to determine the area of a triangle and who described various mechanical devices (first century); Hero; Heron

Highlands of Scotland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous region of northern Scotland famous for its rugged beauty; known for the style of dress (the kilt and tartan) and the clan system (now in disuse); Highlands

Hook of Holland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cape on the southwestern coast of the Netherlands near Rotterdam; Hoek van Holland

Horn of Africa

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a peninsula of northeastern Africa (the easternmost part of Africa) comprising Somalia and Djibouti and Eritrea and parts of Ethiopia; Somali peninsula

House of Burgesses

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the lower house of legislature in colonial Virginia

House of Commons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the lower house of the British parliament; British House of Commons

House of Hanover

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the English royal house that reigned from 1714 to 1901 (from George I to Victoria); Hanover; Hanoverian line

House of Islam

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. areas where Muslims are in the majority; Dar al-Islam

House of Lancaster

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the English royal house that reigned from 1399 to 1461; its emblem was a red rose; Lancaster; Lancastrian line

House of Lords

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the upper house of the British parliament; British House of Lords

House of Representatives

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the lower legislative house of the United States Congress; United States House of Representatives; U.S. House of Representatives; US House of Representatives; U.S. House; US House

House of Tudor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an English dynasty descended from Henry Tudor; Tudor monarchs ruled from Henry VII to Elizabeth I (from 1485 to 1603); Tudor

House of War

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. areas where Muslims are in the minority and are persecuted; Dar al-harb

House of Windsor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the British royal family since 1917; Windsor

House of York

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the English royal house (a branch of the Plantagenet line) that reigned from 1461 to 1485; its emblem was a white rose; York

Houses of Parliament

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the building in which the House of Commons and the House of Lords meet

Hub of the Universe

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. state capital and largest city of Massachusetts; a major center for banking and financial services; Boston; Bean Town; Beantown; capital of Massachusetts

Huygens ' principle of superposition

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the displacement of any point due to the superposition of wave systems is equal to the sum of the displacements of the individual waves at that point; principle of superposition

Ignatius of Loyola

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Spaniard and Roman Catholic theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus; a leading opponent of the Reformation (1491-1556); Saint Ignatius of Loyola; St. Ignatius of Loyola; Loyola

Immaculate Conception of the Virgin Mary

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Christianity) the Roman Catholic dogma that God preserved the Virgin Mary from any stain of original sin from the moment she was conceived; Immaculate Conception

Independent State of Papua New Guinea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a parliamentary democracy on the eastern half of the island of New Guinea; in 1975 it became an independent state within the Commonwealth of Nations; Papua New Guinea

Independent State of Samoa

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a constitutional monarchy on the western part of the islands of Samoa in the South Pacific; Samoa; Western Samoa; Samoa i Sisifo

Industrial Workers of the World

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a former international labor union and radical labor movement in the United States; founded in Chicago in 1905 and dedicated to the overthrow of capitalism; its membership declined after World War I; IWW; I.W.W.

International Association of Lions clubs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. club dedicated to promoting responsible citizenship and good government and community and national and international welfare; Lions Club

International Court of Justice

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a court established to settle disputes between members of the United Nations; World Court

International System of Units

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a complete metric system of units of measurement for scientists; fundamental quantities are length (meter) and mass (kilogram) and time (second) and electric current (ampere) and temperature (kelvin) and amount of matter (mole) and luminous intensity (candela); Systeme International d'Unites; Systeme International; SI system; SI; SI unit; International System

Islamic Army of Aden

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Yemen-based terrorist group that supports al-Qaeda's goals; seeks to overthrow the Yemeni government and eliminate United States interests; responsible for bombings and kidnappings and killing western tourists in Yemen; IAA; Islamic Army of Aden-Abyan; Aden-Abyan Islamic Army

Islamic Army of Aden-Abyan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Yemen-based terrorist group that supports al-Qaeda's goals; seeks to overthrow the Yemeni government and eliminate United States interests; responsible for bombings and kidnappings and killing western tourists in Yemen; Islamic Army of Aden; IAA; Aden-Abyan Islamic Army

Islamic Group of Uzbekistan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist group of Islamic militants formed in 1996; opposes Uzbekistan's secular regime and wants to establish an Islamic state in central Asia; is a conduit for drugs from Afghanistan to central Asian countries; IMU; Islamic Party of Turkestan

Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon; Hizballah; Hezbollah; Hizbollah; Hizbullah; Lebanese Hizballah; Party of God; Islamic Jihad; Revolutionary Justice Organization; Organization of the Oppressed on Earth

Islamic Party of Turkestan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist group of Islamic militants formed in 1996; opposes Uzbekistan's secular regime and wants to establish an Islamic state in central Asia; is a conduit for drugs from Afghanistan to central Asian countries; Islamic Group of Uzbekistan; IMU

Islamic Republic of Iran

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a theocratic Islamic republic in the Middle East in western Asia; Iran was the core of the ancient empire that was known as Persia until 1935; rich in oil; Iran; Persia

Islamic Republic of Mauritania

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country in northwestern Africa with a provisional military government; achieved independence from France in 1960; largely western Sahara Desert; Mauritania; Mauritanie; Muritaniya

Islamic Republic of Pakistan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Muslim republic that occupies the heartland of ancient south Asian civilization in the Indus River valley; formerly part of India; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947; Pakistan; West Pakistan

Islamic State of Afghanistan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous landlocked country in central Asia; bordered by Iran to the west and Russia to the north and Pakistan to the east and south; Afghanistan

Isle of Man

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. one of the British Isles in the Irish Sea; Man

Isle of Skye

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an island of northwestern Scotland noted for its rugged mountain scenery

Isle of Wight

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an isle and county of southern England in the English Channel; Wight

Isles of Scilly

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an archipelago of small islands off the southwestern coast of England near the entrance to the English Channel; formerly a haven for smugglers and pirates; Scilly Islands

Isthmus of Corinth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a narrow isthmus between the Gulf of Corinth and the Saronic Gulf; a canal crosses the isthmus so that navigation is possible between the gulfs

Isthmus of Darien

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the isthmus that connects Central America and South America; was formerly called the Isthmus of Darien; Isthmus of Panama

Isthmus of Kra

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a narrow isthmus linking the Malay Peninsula to the Asian mainland

Isthmus of Panama

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the isthmus that connects Central America and South America; was formerly called the Isthmus of Darien; Isthmus of Darien

Isthmus of Suez

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the isthmus in northeastern Egypt that connects Africa and Asia

Isthmus of Tehuantepec

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the narrowest part of southern Mexico is an isthmus between the Bay of Campeche on the north coast and the Gulf of Tehuantepec on the south coast

Jack of all trades

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a person able to do a variety of different jobs acceptably well

Jaws of Life

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. hydraulic tool inserted into a wrecked vehicle and used to pry the wreckage apart in order to provide access to people trapped inside

Jesus of Nazareth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth; his life and sermons form the basis for Christianity (circa 4 BC - AD 29); Jesus; the Nazarene; Jesus Christ; Christ; Savior; Saviour; Good Shepherd; Redeemer; Deliverer

Joan of Arc

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. French heroine and military leader inspired by religious visions to organize French resistance to the English and to have Charles VII crowned king; she was later tried for heresy and burned at the stake (1412-1431); Jeanne d'Arc; Saint Joan

John of Gaunt

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the fourth son of Edward III who was the effective ruler of England during the close of his father's reign and during the minority of Richard II; his son was Henry Bolingbroke (1340-1399); Duke of Lancaster

Joint Chiefs of Staff

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the executive agency that advises the President on military questions; composed of the chiefs of the United States Army and the United States Navy and the United States Air Force and the commandant of the United States Marine Corps; Joint Chiefs

Kepler 's law of planetary motion

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (astronomy) one of three empirical laws of planetary motion stated by Johannes Kepler; Kepler's law

King of England

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the sovereign ruler of England; King of Great Britain

King of France

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the sovereign ruler of France

King of Great Britain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the sovereign ruler of England; King of England

King of Swing

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. United States clarinetist who in 1934 formed a big band (including black as well as white musicians) and introduced a kind of jazz known as swing (1909-1986); Goodman; Benny Goodman; Benjamin David Goodman

King of the Germans

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the sovereign ruler of the Germans

Kingdom of Belgium

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a monarchy in northwestern Europe; headquarters for the European Union and for the North Atlantic Treaty Organization; Belgium; Belgique

Kingdom of Bhutan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked principality in the Himalayas to the northeast of India; Bhutan

Kingdom of Cambodia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a nation in southeastern Asia; was part of Indochina under French rule until 1946; Cambodia; Kampuchea

Kingdom of Denmark

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe; consists of the mainland of Jutland and many islands between the North Sea and the Baltic Sea; Denmark; Danmark

Kingdom of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the spiritual domain over which God is sovereign

Kingdom of Lesotho

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked constitutional monarchy in southern Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1966; Lesotho; Basutoland

Kingdom of Morocco

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a kingdom (constitutional monarchy) in northwestern Africa with a largely Muslim population; achieved independence from France in 1956; Morocco; Maroc; Marruecos; Al-Magrib

Kingdom of Nepal

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a small landlocked Asian country high in the Himalayas between India and China; Nepal

Kingdom of Norway

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a constitutional monarchy in northern Europe on the western side of the Scandinavian Peninsula; achieved independence from Sweden in 1905; Norway; Norge; Noreg

Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an absolute monarchy occupying most of the Arabian Peninsula in southwest Asia; vast oil reserves dominate the economy; Saudi Arabia

Kingdom of Spain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a parliamentary monarchy in southwestern Europe on the Iberian Peninsula; a former colonial power; Spain; Espana

Kingdom of Swaziland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked monarchy in southeastern Africa; member of the commonwealth that achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1968; Swaziland

Kingdom of Sweden

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Scandinavian kingdom in the eastern part of the Scandinavian Peninsula; Sweden; Sverige

Kingdom of Thailand

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country of southeastern Asia that extends southward along the Isthmus of Kra to the Malay Peninsula; Thailand; Siam

Kingdom of The Netherlands

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a constitutional monarchy in western Europe on the North Sea; half the country lies below sea level; Netherlands; The Netherlands; Nederland; Holland

Kingdom of Tonga

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a monarchy on a Polynesian archipelago in the South Pacific; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1970; Tonga; Friendly Islands

Knight of the Round Table

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. in the Arthurian legend, a knight of King Arthur's court

Labyrinth of Minos

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a vast labyrinth built in Crete by Daedalus at the command of Minos in order to contain the Minotaur

Lamaze method of childbirth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a method that prepares a mother for natural childbirth; the pregnant woman (in classes and at home) practices (usually with the help of a coach) and learns about the physiology of childbirth and techniques of relaxation, concentration, and breathing; Lamaze method

Land of Enchantment

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a state in southwestern United States on the Mexican border; New Mexico; NM

Land of Lincoln

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a midwestern state in north-central United States; Illinois; Prairie State; IL

Land of Opportunity

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a state in south central United States; one of the Confederate states during the American Civil War; Arkansas; AR

Lautaro Faction of the United Popular Action Movement

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a violent terrorist group organized in the 1980s and advocating the overthrow of the Chilean military government; leaders are mainly criminals or impoverished youths; Lautaro Youth Movement; Lautaro Popular Rebel Forces

Law of Moses

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the laws (beginning with the Ten Commandments) that God gave to the Israelites through Moses; it includes many rules of religious observance given in the first five books of the Old Testament (in Judaism these books are called the Torah); Mosaic law

Lawrence of Arabia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Welsh soldier who from 1916 to 1918 organized the Arab revolt against the Turks; he later wrote an account of his adventures (1888-1935); Lawrence; T. E. Lawrence; Thomas Edward Lawrence

League of Iroquois

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a league of Iroquois tribes including originally the Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga and Seneca (the Five Nations); after 1722 they were joined by the Tuscarora (the Six Nations); Iroquois League; Five Nations; Six Nations

League of Nations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an international organization formed in 1920 to promote cooperation and peace among nations; although suggested by Woodrow Wilson, the United States never joined and it remained powerless; it was dissolved in 1946 after the United Nations was formed

Leaning Tower of Pisa

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a tall round marble campanile in Pisa that is not perpendicular; construction was begun in 1174; Leaning Tower

Leboyer method of childbirth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a method of childbirth that tries to minimize the trauma for the newborn; delivery occurs in a quiet dimly lit room and the infant's head is not pulled and immediate bonding between mother and child is encouraged; Leboyer method

Letter of Jeremiah

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book consisting of a letter ascribed to Jeremiah to the Jews in exile in Babylon warning them against idolatry; Epistle of Jeremiah

Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist organization in Sri Lanka that began in 1970 as a student protest over the limited university access for Tamil students; currently seeks to establish an independent Tamil state called Eelam; relies on guerilla strategy including terrorist tactics that target key government and military personnel; LTTE; Tamil Tigers; Tigers; World Tamil Association; World Tamil Movement

Line of Control

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a 450-mile line that is supposed to indicate the boundary between the part of Kashmir controlled by India and the part controlled by Pakistan

Lord Britten of Aldeburgh

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. major English composer of the 20th century; noted for his operas (1913-1976); Britten; Benjamin Britten; Edward Benjamin Britten

Lord of Misrule

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a person appointed master of revels at a Christmas celebration

Lowlands of Scotland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the southern part of Scotland that is not mountainous; Lowlands

Martyrs of al-Aqsa

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a militant offshoot of al-Fatah that is the newest and strongest and best equipped faction active in the West Bank; responsible for many deadly attacks in Israel in 2002; Aksa Martyrs Brigades; al-Aksa Martyrs Brigades

Mary Queen of Scots

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. queen of Scotland from 1542 to 1567; as a Catholic she was forced to abdicate in favor of her son and fled to England where she was imprisoned by Elizabeth I; when Catholic supporters plotted to put her on the English throne she was tried and executed for sedition (1542-1587); Mary Stuart

Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an engineering university in Cambridge; MIT

Master of Architecture

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a degree granted for the successful completion of advanced study of architecture; MArch

Master of Arts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in arts and sciences; MA; Artium Magister; AM

Master of Arts in Library Science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in library science; MALS

Master of Arts in Teaching

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in teaching; MAT

Master of Divinity

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in religion; MDiv

Master of Education

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in education; MEd

Master of Fine Arts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in fine arts; MFA

Master of Laws

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an advanced law degree; LLM

Master of Library Science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in library science; MLS

Master of Literature

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in literature; MLitt

Master of Science

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in science; MS; SM; MSc

Master of Science in Engineering

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in engineering

Master of Theology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a master's degree in theology; ThM

Medal of Honor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the highest U.S. military decoration awarded for bravery and valor in action `above and beyond the call of duty'; Congressional Medal of Honor

Member of Parliament

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an elected member of the British Parliament: a member of the House of Commons; Parliamentarian

Ministry of Transportation test

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a compulsory annual test of older motor vehicles for safety and exhaust fumes; MOT; MOT test

Movement of Holy Warriors

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Islamic fundamentalist group in Pakistan that fought the Soviet Union in Afghanistan in the 1980s; now operates as a terrorist organization primarily in Kashmir and seeks Kashmir's accession by Pakistan; Harkat-ul-Mujahidin; HUM; Harkat ul-Ansar; HUA; Harkat ul-Mujahedeen; Al Faran

Nation of Islam

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a group of militant Black Americans who profess Islamic religious beliefs and advocate independence for Black Americans

National Academy of Sciences

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary American society of scientists created by President Lincoln during the American Civil War

National Association of Realtors

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a United States association of real estate agents which follows a strict code of ethics

National Association of Securities Dealers Automated Quotations

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a computerized data system to provide brokers with price quotations for securities traded over the counter; NASDAQ

National Baseball Hall of Fame

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Hall of Fame and museum in Cooperstown, New York, honoring great baseball players

National Institute of Justice

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the law enforcement agency that is the research and development branch of the Department of Justice; NIJ

National Institute of Standards and Technology

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agency in the Technology Administration that makes measurements and sets standards as needed by industry or government programs; NIST

National Institutes of Health

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an agency in the Department of Health and Human Services whose mission is to employ science in the pursuit of knowledge to improve human health; is the principal biomedical research agency of the federal government; NIH

National Liberation Front of Corsica

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist group formed in 1976 to work for Corsican independence; attacks on Corsica are aimed at sabotaging public infrastructure and symbols of colonialism; FLNC

National Library of Medicine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the world's largest medical library; United States National Library of Medicine; U.S. National Library of Medicine

Newton 's first law of motion

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a body remains at rest or in motion with a constant velocity unless acted upon by an external force; first law of motion; Newton's first law

Newton 's law of gravitation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (physics) the law that states any two bodies attract each other with a force that is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them; law of gravitation

Newton 's law of motion

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. one of three basic laws of classical mechanics; Newton's law; law of motion

Newton 's second law of motion

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the rate of change of momentum is proportional to the imposed force and goes in the direction of the force; second law of motion; Newton's second law

Newton 's theory of gravitation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (physics) the theory that any two particles of matter attract one another with a force directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them; theory of gravitation; theory of gravity; gravitational theory

Newton 's third law of motion

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. action and reaction are equal and opposite; third law of motion; Newton's third law; law of action and reaction

Ninth of Ab

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a major fast day on the Jewish calendar commemorating the destruction of the temples in Jerusalem; Tishah b'Av; Tishah b'Ab; Tisha b'Av; Tisha b'Ab; Ninth of Av; Fast of Av; Fast of Ab

Ninth of Av

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a major fast day on the Jewish calendar commemorating the destruction of the temples in Jerusalem; Tishah b'Av; Tishah b'Ab; Tisha b'Av; Tisha b'Ab; Ninth of Ab; Fast of Av; Fast of Ab

Odo of Lagery

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. French pope from 1088 to 1099 whose sermons called for the First Crusade (1042-1099); Urban II; Odo; Otho; Otho of Lagery

Office of Inspector General

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the investigative arm of the Federal Trade Commission; OIG

Office of Intelligence Support

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. agency that oversees the intelligence relationships of the Treasury's offices and bureaus and provides a link between the Intelligence Community and officials responsible for international economic policy; OIS

Office of Management and Budget

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the executive agency that advises the President on the federal budget; OMB

Office of Naval Intelligence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the military intelligence agency that provides for the intelligence and counterintelligence and investigative and security requirements of the United States Navy; ONI

Office of the Dead

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an office read or sung before a burial mass in the Roman Catholic Church

Oracle of Apollo

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Greek mythology) the oracle at Delphi where a priestess supposedly delivered messages from Apollo to those who sought advice; the messages were usually obscure or ambiguous; Temple of Apollo; Delphic oracle; oracle of Delphi

Order of Our Lady of Mount Carmel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Roman Catholic mendicant order founded in the 12th century; Carmelite order

Order of the Purple Heart

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a United States military decoration awarded to any member of the armed forces who is wounded in action; Purple Heart

Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. international organization for chemical disarmament; administers the Chemical Weapons Convention; OPCW

Organization of American States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an association including most countries in the western hemisphere; created in 1948 to promote military and economic and social and cultural cooperation; OAS

Organization of Petroleum-Exporting Countries

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum; OPEC

Organization of the Oppressed on Earth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon; Hizballah; Hezbollah; Hizbollah; Hizbullah; Lebanese Hizballah; Party of God; Islamic Jihad; Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine; Revolutionary Justice Organization

Ostwald 's theory of indicators

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (chemistry) the theory that all indicators are either weak acids or weak bases in which the color of the ionized form is different from the color before dissociation; theory of indicators

Otho of Lagery

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. French pope from 1088 to 1099 whose sermons called for the First Crusade (1042-1099); Urban II; Odo; Odo of Lagery; Otho

Palace of Versailles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles; Versailles

Party of Democratic Kampuchea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communist organization formed in Cambodia in 1970; became a terrorist organization in 1975 when it captured Phnom Penh and created a government that killed an estimated three million people; was defeated by Vietnamese troops but remained active until 1999; Khmer Rouge; KR; Communist Party of Kampuchea

Party of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Shiite terrorist organization with strong ties to Iran; seeks to create an Iranian fundamentalist Islamic state in Lebanon; car bombs are the signature weapon; Hizballah; Hezbollah; Hizbollah; Hizbullah; Lebanese Hizballah; Islamic Jihad; Islamic Jihad for the Liberation of Palestine; Revolutionary Justice Organization; Organization of the Oppressed on Earth

Pascal 's law of fluid pressures

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. pressure applied anywhere to a body of fluid causes a force to be transmitted equally in all directions; the force acts at right angles to any surface in contact with the fluid; Pascal's law

Passion of Christ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the suffering of Jesus at the Crucifixion; Passion

Peace of Westphalia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the peace treaty that ended the Thirty Years' War in 1648

People 's Mujahidin of Iran

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist organization formed in the 1960s by children of Iranian merchants; sought to counter the Shah of Iran's pro-western policies of modernization and opposition to communism; following a philosophy that mixes Marxism and Islam it now attacks the Islamic fundamentalists who deposed the Shah; Mujahidin-e Khalq Organization; MKO; MEK

People 's Republic of Bangladesh

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Muslim republic in southern Asia bordered by India to the north and west and east and the Bay of Bengal to the south; formerly part of India and then part of Pakistan; it achieved independence in 1971; Bangladesh; Bangla Desh; East Pakistan

People 's Republic of China

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia; the most populous country in the world; China; mainland China; Communist China; Red China; PRC; Cathay

Pharaoh of Egypt

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the title of the ancient Egyptian kings; Pharaoh

Philip II of Macedon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. king of ancient Macedonia and father of Alexander the Great (382-336 BC); Philip II

Philip II of Spain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. king of Spain and Portugal and husband of Mary I; he supported the Counter Reformation and sent the Spanish Armada to invade England (1527-1598); Philip II

Philip of Valois

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. king of France who founded the Valois dynasty; his dispute with Edward III over his succession led to the Hundred Years' War (1293-1350); Philip VI

Pied Piper of Hamelin

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the title character in a German folk tale and in a poem by Robert Browning; Pied Piper

Piedmont type of glacier

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a type of glaciation characteristic of Alaska; large valley glaciers meet to form an almost stagnant sheet of ice; Piedmont glacier

Pillars of Hercules

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the two promontories at the eastern end of the Strait of Gibraltar; according to legend they were formed by Hercules

Pittsburgh of the South

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the largest city in Alabama; located in northeastern Alabama; Birmingham

Popular Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Marxist-Leninist group that believes Palestinian goals can only be achieved by revolutionary change; Democratic Front for the Liberation of Palestine; DFLP; PDFLP

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist group of limited popularity formed in 1967 after the Six-Day War; combined Marxist-Leninist ideology with Palestinian nationalism; used terrorism to gain attention for their cause; hoped to eliminate the state of Israel; PFLP

Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine-General Command

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Marxist-Leninist terrorist organization that conducted several attacks in western Europe; PFLP-GC

Port of Spain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the capital and largest city of Trinidad and Tobago on the west coast of the island of Trinidad; Port-of-Spain; capital of Trinidad and Tobago

Prayer of Azariah and Song of the Three Children

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book consisting of text added to the Book of Daniel

President of the United States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the office of head of state of the United States government; United States President; President; Chief Executive
  2. the office of the United States head of state; President; Chief Executive

Prince Eugene of Savoy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Austrian general in the service of the Holy Roman Empire during the War of the Spanish Succession (1663-1736); Eugene

Prince of Darkness

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judeo-Christian and Islamic religions) chief spirit of evil and adversary of God; tempter of mankind; master of Hell; Satan; Old Nick; Devil; Lucifer; Beelzebub; the Tempter

Prince of Smolensk

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Russian field marshal who commanded the Russian opposition to Napoleon (1745-1813); Kutuzov; Mikhail Ilarionovich Kutuzov

Prince of Wales

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the male heir apparent of the British sovereign

Prince of Wales heath

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. South African shrub grown for its profusion of white flowers; Prince-of-Wales'-heath; Erica perspicua

Princess Grace of Monaco

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. United States film actress who retired when she married into the royal family of Monaco (1928-1982); Kelly; Grace Kelly; Grace Patricia Kelly

Princess of Wales

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English aristocrat who was the first wife of Prince Charles; her death in an automobile accident in Paris produced intense national mourning (1961-1997); Diana; Princess Diana; Lady Diana Frances Spencer

Principality of Andorra

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a small republic in the eastern Pyrenees between Spain and France; Andorra

Principality of Liechtenstein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a small landlocked principality (constitutional monarchy) in central Europe located in the Alps between Austria and Switzerland; Liechtenstein

Principality of Monaco

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a constitutional monarchy in a tiny enclave on the French Riviera; Monaco

Protector of Boundaries

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an epithet for Jupiter; Jupiter Fidius

Pyramids of Egypt

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a massive monument with a square base and four triangular sides; begun by Cheops around 2700 BC as royal tombs in ancient Egypt; Pyramid; Great Pyramid

Queen of England

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the sovereign ruler of England

Read method of childbirth

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a method of natural childbirth that assumes it is a normal process and that the pain is largely psychological; involves education and breathing exercises to foster relaxation and other exercises; Read method

Reign of Terror

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the historic period (1793-94) during the French Revolution when thousands were executed

Rejoicing of the Law

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Judaism) a Jewish holy day celebrated on the 22nd or 23rd of Tishri to celebrate the completion of the annual cycle of readings of the Torah; Shimchath Torah; Simchat Torah; Simhath Torah; Simhat Torah; Simchas Torah; Rejoicing over the Law; Rejoicing in the Law

Religious Society of Friends

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660; commonly called Quakers; Society of Friends; Quakers

Republic of Albania

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in southeastern Europe on the Adriatic coast of the Balkan Peninsula; Albania

Republic of Angola

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in southwestern Africa on the Atlantic Ocean; achieved independence from Portugal in 1975 and was the scene of civil war until 1990; Angola

Republic of Armenia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in southwestern Asia; formerly an Asian soviet; modern Armenia is but a fragment of ancient Armenia which was one of the world's oldest civilizations; throughout 2500 years the Armenian people have been invaded and oppressed by their neighbors; Armenia; Hayastan

Republic of Austria

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous republic in central Europe; under the Habsburgs (1278-1918) Austria maintained control of the Holy Roman Empire and was a leader in European politics until the 19th century; Austria; Oesterreich

Republic of Belarus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in eastern Europe; formerly a European soviet; Belarus; Byelarus; Byelorussia; Belorussia; White Russia

Republic of Benin

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country on western coast of Africa; formerly under French control; Benin; Dahomey

Republic of Bolivia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in central South America; Simon Bolivar founded Bolivia in 1825 after winning independence from Spain; Bolivia

Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous republic of south-central Europe; formerly part of the Ottoman Empire and then a part of Yugoslavia; voted for independence in 1992 but the mostly Serbian army of Yugoslavia refused to accept the vote and began ethnic cleansing in order to rid Bosnia of its Croats and Muslims; Bosnia and Herzegovina; Bosna i Hercegovina; Bosnia-Herzegovina; Bosnia

Republic of Botswana

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in south-central Africa that became independent from British control in the 1960s; Botswana

Republic of Bulgaria

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in the eastern part of the Balkan Peninsula in southeastern Europe; Bulgaria

Republic of Burundi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in east central Africa on the northeastern shore of Lake Tanganyika; Burundi

Republic of Cameroon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the western coast of central Africa; was under French and British control until 1960; Cameroon; Cameroun

Republic of Cape Verde

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an island country in the Atlantic off the coast of Senegal; Cape Verde

Republic of Chad

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked desert republic in north-central Africa; was under French control until 1960; Chad; Tchad

Republic of Chile

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in southern South America on the western slopes of the Andes on the south Pacific coast; Chile

Republic of China

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the Communists led by Mao Zedong; Taiwan; China; Nationalist China

Republic of Colombia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northwestern South America with a coastline on the Pacific Ocean and the Caribbean Sea; achieved independence from Spain in 1821 under the leadership of Simon Bolivar; Spanish is the official language; Colombia

Republic of Costa Rica

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in Central America; one of the most politically stable countries in Latin America; Costa Rica

Republic of Cote d'Ivoire

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in western Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; one of the most prosperous and politically stable countries in Africa; Ivory Coast; Cote d'Ivoire

Republic of Croatia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in the western Balkans in south-central Europe in the eastern Adriatic coastal area; formerly part of the Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; became independent in 1991; Croatia; Hrvatska

Republic of Cuba

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communist state in the Caribbean on the island of Cuba; Cuba

Republic of Cyprus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country on the island of Cyprus; 80% of the people are of Greek origin and 20% or Turkish origin; Cyprus

Republic of Djibouti

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country in northeastern Africa on the Somali peninsula; formerly under French control but became independent in 1997; Djibouti; Afars and Issas

Republic of Ecuador

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northwestern South America; became independent from Spain in 1822; the landscape is dominated by the Andes; Ecuador

Republic of El Salvador

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the Pacific coast of Central America; El Salvador; Salvador

Republic of Equatorial Guinea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country of west central Africa (including islands in the Gulf of Guinea); became independent from Spain in 1968; Equatorial Guinea; Spanish Guinea

Republic of Estonia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea; Estonia; Esthonia

Republic of Fiji

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an independent state within the British Commonwealth located on the Fiji Islands; Fiji

Republic of Finland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. republic in northern Europe; achieved independence from Russia in 1917; Finland; Suomi

Republic of Ghana

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; Ghana; Gold Coast

Republic of Guatemala

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; noted for low per capita income and illiteracy; politically unstable; Guatemala

Republic of Guinea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in western Africa on the Atlantic; formerly a French colony; achieved independence from France in 1958; Guinea; French Guinea

Republic of Guinea-Bissau

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the northwestern coast of Africa; recognized as independent by Portugal in 1974; Guinea-Bissau; Guine-Bissau; Portuguese Guinea

Republic of Haiti

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in the West Indies on the western part of the island of Hispaniola; achieved independence from France in 1804; the poorest and most illiterate nation in the western hemisphere; Haiti

Republic of Honduras

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; an early center of Mayan culture; Honduras

Republic of Hungary

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in central Europe; Hungary; Magyarorszag

Republic of Iceland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an island republic on the island of Iceland; became independent of Denmark in 1944; Iceland

Republic of India

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in the Asian subcontinent in southern Asia; second most populous country in the world; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1947; India; Bharat

Republic of Indonesia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in southeastern Asia on an archipelago including more than 13,000 islands; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1945; the principal oil producer in the Far East and Pacific regions; Indonesia; Dutch East Indies

Republic of Iraq

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in the Middle East in western Asia; the ancient civilization of Mesopotamia was in the area now known as Iraq; Iraq; Al-Iraq; Irak

Republic of Ireland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic consisting of 26 of 32 counties comprising the island of Ireland; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1921; Ireland; Irish Republic; Eire

Republic of Kazakhstan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic to the south of Russia and to the northeast of the Caspian Sea; the original Turkic-speaking inhabitants were overrun by Mongols in the 13th century; an Asian soviet from 1936 to 1991; Kazakhstan; Kazakstan; Kazakh; Kazak

Republic of Kenya

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in eastern Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1963; major archeological discoveries have been made in the Great Rift Valley in Kenya; Kenya

Republic of Kiribati

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an island republic in the west central Pacific just to the south of the equator; Kiribati

Republic of Korea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in the southern half of the Korean Peninsula; established in 1948; South Korea

Republic of Latvia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northeastern Europe on the eastern coast of the Baltic Sea; Latvia

Republic of Liberia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in West Africa; established in 1822 by Americans as a way to free negro slaves; Liberia

Republic of Lithuania

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northeastern Europe on the Baltic Sea; Lithuania; Lietuva

Republic of Madagascar

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the island of Madagascar; achieved independence from France in 1960; Madagascar; Malagasy Republic

Republic of Malawi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in southern central Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1964; Malawi; Nyasaland

Republic of Maldives

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the Maldive Islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1965; Maldives

Republic of Mali

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in northwestern Africa; achieved independence from France in 1960; Mali was a center of West African civilization for more than 4,000 years; Mali; French Sudan

Republic of Malta

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the island of Malta in the Mediterranean; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1964; Malta

Republic of Mauritius

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a parliamentary state on the island of Mauritius; Mauritius

Republic of Moldova

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in eastern Europe; formerly a European soviet but achieved independence in 1991; Moldova; Moldavia

Republic of Mozambique

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the southeastern coast of Africa on the Mozambique Channel; became independent from Portugal in 1975; Mozambique; Mocambique

Republic of Namibia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in southwestern Africa on the south Atlantic coast (formerly called South West Africa); achieved independence from South Africa in 1990; the greater part of Namibia forms part of the high Namibian plateau of South Africa; Namibia; South West Africa

Republic of Nauru

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an island republic on Nauru Island; phosphate exports support the economy; Nauru

Republic of Nicaragua

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in Central America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; Nicaragua

Republic of Niger

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in West Africa; gained independence from France in 1960; most of the country is dominated by the Sahara Desert; Niger

Republic of Palau

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in the western central Pacific Ocean in association with the United States; Palau; TT

Republic of Panama

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the Isthmus of Panama; achieved independence from Colombia in 1903; Panama

Republic of Paraguay

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in south central South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1811; Paraguay

Republic of Peru

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in western South America; achieved independence from Spain in 1821; was the heart of the Inca empire from the 12th to 16th centuries; Peru

Republic of Poland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in central Europe; the invasion of Poland by Germany in 1939 started World War II; Poland; Polska

Republic of San Marino

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the smallest republic in the world; the oldest independent country in Europe (achieved independence in 301); located in the Apennines and completely surrounded by Italy; San Marino

Republic of Senegal

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northwestern Africa on the coast of the Atlantic; formerly a French colony but achieved independence in 1960; Senegal

Republic of Seychelles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the Seychelles islands; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1976; Seychelles

Republic of Sierra Leone

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in West Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1961; Sierra Leone

Republic of Singapore

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a country in southeastern Asia on the island of Singapore; achieved independence from Malaysia in 1965; Singapore

Republic of Slovenia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous republic in central Europe; formerly part of the Habsburg monarchy and Yugoslavia; achieved independence in 1991; Slovenia; Slovenija

Republic of South Africa

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic at the southernmost part of Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1910; first European settlers were Dutch (known as Boers); South Africa

Republic of Suriname

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northeastern South America on the Atlantic; achieved independence from the Netherlands in 1975; Suriname; Surinam; Dutch Guiana; Netherlands Guiana

Republic of Tajikistan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked mountainous republic in southeast central Asia to the north of Afghanistan; formerly an Asian soviet; Tajikistan; Tadzhikistan; Tadzhik; Tadjik; Tajik

Republic of The Gambia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a narrow republic surrounded by Senegal in West Africa; Gambia; The Gambia

Republic of Trinidad and Tobago

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an island republic in the West Indies off the northeastern coast of Venezuela; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1962; Trinidad and Tobago

Republic of Tunisia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean coast; achieved independence from France in 1956; Tunisia

Republic of Turkey

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Eurasian republic in Asia Minor and the Balkans; on the collapse of the Ottoman Empire in 1918, the Young Turks, led by Kemal Ataturk, established a republic in 1923; Turkey

Republic of Uganda

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in eastern Africa; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1962; Uganda

Republic of Uzbekistan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in west central Asia; formerly an Asian soviet; Uzbekistan; Uzbek

Republic of Vanuatu

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a volcanic island republic in Melanesia; independent since 1980; Vanuatu; New Hebrides

Republic of Venezuela

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northern South America on the Caribbean; achieved independence from Spain in 1811; rich in oil; Venezuela

Republic of Yemen

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the southwestern shores of the Arabian Peninsula on the Indian Ocean; formed in 1990; Yemen

Republic of Zambia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in central Africa; formerly controlled by Great Britain and called Northern Rhodesia until it gained independence within the commonwealth in 1964; Zambia; Northern Rhodesia

Republic of Zimbabwe

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a landlocked republic in south central Africa formerly called Rhodesia; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1980; Zimbabwe; Rhodesia; Southern Rhodesia

Republic of the Congo

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in west-central Africa; achieved independence from France in 1960; Congo; French Congo

Republic of the Marshall Islands

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic (under United States protection) on the Marshall Islands; Marshall Islands

Republic of the Philippines

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic on the Philippine Islands; achieved independence from the United States in 1946; Philippines

Republic of the Sudan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in northeastern Africa on the Red Sea; achieved independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956; Sudan; Soudan

Resurrection of Christ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (New Testament) the rising of Christ on the third day after the Crucifixion; Resurrection; Christ's Resurrection

Revelation of Saint John the Divine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the last book of the New Testament; contains visionary descriptions of heaven and of conflicts between good and evil and of the end of the world; attributed to Saint John the Apostle; Revelation; Apocalypse; Book of Revelation

Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a powerful and wealthy terrorist organization formed in 1957 as the guerilla arm of the Colombian communist party; opposed to the United States; has strong ties to drug dealers; Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarios de Colombia; FARC

Revolutionary Organization of Socialist Muslims

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Palestinian international terrorist organization that split from the PLO in 1974; has conducted terrorist attacks in 20 countries; Fatah Revolutionary Council; Fatah-RC; Abu Nidal Organization; ANO; Arab Revolutionary Brigades; Black September

Robert 's Rules of Order

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a book of rules for presiding over a meeting; written by Henry M. Martin in 1876 and subsequently updated through many editions

Rock of Gibraltar

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. location of a colony of the United Kingdom on a limestone promontory at the southern tip of Spain; strategically important because it can control the entrance of ships into the Mediterranean; one of the Pillars of Hercules; Gibraltar; Calpe

Rose of China

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. large showy Asiatic shrub or small tree having large single or double red to deep-red flowers; China rose; Chinese hibiscus; shoeblack plant; shoe black; Hibiscus rosa-sinensis

Royal Academy of Arts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary academy in London (founded in 1768) intended to cultivate painting and sculpture and architecture in Britain; Royal Academy

Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an honorary English society (formalized in 1660 and given a royal charter by Charles II in 1662) through which the British government has supported science; Royal Society

Saint Francis of Assisi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian and the Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars (1181-1226); Francis of Assisi; St. Francis of Assisi; Saint Francis; St. Francis; Giovanni di Bernardone

Saint Ignatius of Loyola

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Spaniard and Roman Catholic theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus; a leading opponent of the Reformation (1491-1556); Ignatius of Loyola; St. Ignatius of Loyola; Loyola

Saint Teresa of Avila

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Spanish mystic and religious reformer; author of religious classics and a Christian saint (1515-1582); Teresa of Avila

Saul of Tarsus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (New Testament) a Christian missionary to the Gentiles; author of several Epistles in the New Testament; even though Paul was not present at the Last Supper he is considered an Apostle; Paul; Saint Paul; St. Paul; Apostle Paul; Paul the Apostle; Apostle of the Gentiles; Saul

Scourge of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. king of the Huns; the most successful barbarian invader of the Roman Empire (406-453); Attila; Attila the Hun; Scourge of the Gods

Scourge of the Gods

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. king of the Huns; the most successful barbarian invader of the Roman Empire (406-453); Attila; Attila the Hun; Scourge of God

Sea of Azof

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bay of the Black Sea between Russia and the Ukraine; Sea of Azov; Sea of Azoff

Sea of Azoff

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bay of the Black Sea between Russia and the Ukraine; Sea of Azov; Sea of Azof

Sea of Azov

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a bay of the Black Sea between Russia and the Ukraine; Sea of Azof; Sea of Azoff

Sea of Cortes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a gulf to the west of the mainland of Mexico; Gulf of California

Sea of Japan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Pacific between China and Japan; East Sea

Sea of Marmara

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inland sea in northwestern Turkey; linked to the Black Sea by the Bosporus and linked to the Aegean by the Dardanelles; Marmara; Marmara Denizi; Marmora; Sea of Marmora

Sea of Marmora

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an inland sea in northwestern Turkey; linked to the Black Sea by the Bosporus and linked to the Aegean by the Dardanelles; Marmara; Sea of Marmara; Marmara Denizi; Marmora

Sea of Okhotsk

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an arm of the Pacific to the east of Asia

Second Coming of Christ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Christian theology) the reappearance of Jesus as judge for the Last Judgment; Second Coming; Second Advent; Advent; Parousia

Second Council of Constantinople

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the fifth ecumenical council in 553 which held Origen's writings to be heretic; Constantinople

Second Council of Lyons

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the council in 1274 that effected a temporary reunion of the Greek Orthodox with the Roman Catholic Church; Lyons

Second Council of Nicaea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the seventh ecumenical council in 787 which refuted iconoclasm and regulated the veneration of holy images; Nicaea

Second Earl of Chatham

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English statesman and son of Pitt the Elder (1759-1806); Pitt; William Pitt; Pitt the Younger

Second Earl of Guilford

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732-1792); North; Frederick North

Second Epistel of John

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the second New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle; II John

Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to Timothy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to Timothy; contains advice on pastoral matters; Second Epistle to Timothy; II Timothy

Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Corinthians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing the second epistle from Saint Paul to the church at Corinth; Second Epistle to the Corinthians; II Corinthians

Second Epistle of Paul the Apostle to the Thessalonians

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a New Testament book containing Saint Paul's second epistle to the Thessalonians; Second Epistle to the Thessalonians; II Thessalonians

Second Epistle of Peter

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the second New Testament book traditionally attributed to Saint Peter the Apostle; II Peter

Second Marquis of Rockingham

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English statesman who served as prime minister and who opposed the war with the American colonies (1730-1782); Rockingham; Charles Watson-Wentworth

Secretary of Agriculture

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Agriculture; Agriculture Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Agriculture; Agriculture Secretary

Secretary of Commerce

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Commerce; Commerce Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Commerce; Commerce Secretary

Secretary of Commerce and Labor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. head of a former executive department created in 1903 and divided into two departments in 1913

Secretary of Defense

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Defense Department; Defense Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Defense; Defense Secretary

Secretary of Education

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Education; Education Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Education Department; Education Secretary

Secretary of Energy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Energy; Energy Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Energy; Energy Secretary

Secretary of Health Education and Welfare

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. head of a former executive department created in 1953 and divided into two departments in 1979

Secretary of Health and Human Services

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Health and Human Services
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Health and Human Services

Secretary of Housing and Urban Development

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Housing and Urban Development
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Housing and Urban Development

Secretary of Labor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Labor; Labor Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Labor; Labor Secretary

Secretary of State

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of State
  2. the position of the head of the State Department

Secretary of State for the Home Department

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the British cabinet minister who is head of the Home Office; Home Secretary

Secretary of Transportation

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Transportation; Transportation Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Transportation; Transportation Secretary

Secretary of Veterans Affairs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Department of Veterans Affairs
  2. the position of the head of the Department of Veterans Affairs

Secretary of War

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. head of a former executive department; combined with the Navy Secretary to form the Defense Secretary in 1947; War Secretary

Secretary of the Interior

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the position of the head of the Department of the Interior; Interior Secretary
  2. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Interior Department; Interior Secretary

Secretary of the Navy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. head of a former executive department; combined with the War Secretary to form the Defense Secretary in 1947; Navy Secretary

Secretary of the Treasury

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the person who holds the secretaryship of the Treasury Department; Treasury Secretary
  2. the position of the head of the Treasury Department; Treasury Secretary

Seven Hills of Rome

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the hills on which the ancient city of Rome was built

Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. impressive monuments created in the ancient world that were regarded with awe; Seven Wonders of the World

Seven Wonders of the World

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. impressive monuments created in the ancient world that were regarded with awe; Seven Wonders of the Ancient World

Shah of Iran

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. title for the former hereditary monarch of Iran; Shah

Shield of David

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a six-pointed star formed from two equilateral triangles; an emblem symbolizing Judaism; Star of David; Magen David; Mogen David; Solomon's seal

Sixth Baron Byron of Rochdale

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English romantic poet notorious for his rebellious and unconventional lifestyle (1788-1824); Byron; Lord George Gordon Byron

Socialist Republic of Vietnam

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a communist state in Indochina on the South China Sea; achieved independence from France in 1945; Vietnam; Viet Nam; Annam

Society of Friends

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Christian sect founded by George Fox about 1660; commonly called Quakers; Religious Society of Friends; Quakers

Society of Jesus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Roman Catholic order founded by Saint Ignatius of Loyola in 1534 to defend Catholicism against the Reformation and to do missionary work among the heathen; it is strongly committed to education and scholarship; Jesuit order

Soldiers of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Islamic extremist group of Kurds who oppose secular control with bombings and assassinations; believed to have ties with al-Qaeda; Jund-ul-Islam

Solemnity of Mary

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) a holy day of obligation; January 1

Song of Solomon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later; Song of Songs; Canticle of Canticles; Canticles

Song of Songs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Old Testament book consisting of a collection of love poems traditionally attributed to Solomon but actually written much later; Song of Solomon; Canticle of Canticles; Canticles

South of Houston

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a district in southwestern Manhattan noted for its shops and restaurants and galleries and artist's lofts; SoHo

St. Francis of Assisi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) an Italian and the Roman Catholic monk who founded the Franciscan order of friars (1181-1226); Francis of Assisi; Saint Francis of Assisi; Saint Francis; St. Francis; Giovanni di Bernardone

St. Gregory of Nazianzen

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) a church father known for his constant fight against perceived heresies; a saint and Doctor of the Church (329-391); Gregory; Gregory Nazianzen; Gregory of Nazianzen

St. Ignatius of Loyola

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Spaniard and Roman Catholic theologian and founder of the Society of Jesus; a leading opponent of the Reformation (1491-1556); Ignatius of Loyola; Saint Ignatius of Loyola; Loyola

St. Mary of Bethlehem

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. port city in northern Brazil in the Amazon delta; main port and commercial center for the Amazon River basin; Belem; Para; Feliz Lusitania; Santa Maria de Belem

Star of David

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a six-pointed star formed from two equilateral triangles; an emblem symbolizing Judaism; Shield of David; Magen David; Mogen David; Solomon's seal

State of Bahrain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an island country in the Persian Gulf off the coast of Saudi Arabia; oil revenues funded progressive programs until reserves were exhausted in 1970s; Bahrain; Bahrein

State of Eritrea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an African country to the north of Ethiopia on the Red Sea; achieved independence from Ethiopia in 1993; Eritrea

State of Israel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Jewish republic in southwestern Asia at eastern end of Mediterranean; formerly part of Palestine; Israel; Yisrael; Zion; Sion

State of Katar

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Arab country on the peninsula of Qatar; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1971; the economy is dominated by oil; Qatar; State of Qatar; Katar

State of Kuwait

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Arab kingdom in Asia on the northwestern coast of the Persian Gulf; a major source of petroleum; Kuwait; Koweit

State of Qatar

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Arab country on the peninsula of Qatar; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1971; the economy is dominated by oil; Qatar; Katar; State of Katar

State of the Vatican City

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the smallest sovereign state in the world; the see of the Pope (as the Bishop of Rome); home of the Pope and the central administration of the Roman Catholic Church; achieved independence from Italy in 1929; Holy See; The Holy See

Station of the Cross

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a representation of any of the 14 stages in Christ's journey to Calvary

Stations of the Cross

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Roman Catholic Church) a devotion consisting of fourteen prayers said before a series of fourteen pictures or carvings representing successive incidents during Jesus' passage from Pilate's house to his crucifixion at Calvary; Stations

Statue of Liberty

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a large monumental statue symbolizing liberty on Liberty Island in New York Bay

Strait of Calais

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the strait between the English Channel and the North Sea; shortest distance between England and the European continent; Strait of Dover; Pas de Calais

Strait of Dover

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the strait between the English Channel and the North Sea; shortest distance between England and the European continent; Strait of Calais; Pas de Calais

Strait of Georgia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the strait separating Vancouver Island from the Canadian mainland

Strait of Gibraltar

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the strait between Spain and Africa

Strait of Hormuz

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a strategically important strait linking the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; Strait of Ormuz

Strait of Magellan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the strait separating South America from Tierra del Fuego and other islands to the south of the continent; discovered by Ferdinand Magellan in 1520; an important route around South America before the Panama Canal was built

Strait of Messina

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the strait separating Sicily from the tip of Italy

Strait of Ormuz

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a strategically important strait linking the Persian Gulf and the Gulf of Oman; Strait of Hormuz

Sultan of Swat

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948); Ruth; Babe Ruth; George Herman Ruth

Sultanate of Oman

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a strategically located monarchy on the southern and eastern coasts of the Arabian Peninsula; the economy is dominated by oil; Oman; Muscat and Oman

Supporters of Islam

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a radical Islamic group of terrorists in the Iraqi part of Kurdistan who oppose an independent secular nation as advocated by the United States; some members fought with the Taliban and al-Qaeda forces in Afghanistan; said to receive financial support from Saddam Hussein; Ansar al Islam; Ansar al-Islam

Supreme Court of the United States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the highest federal court in the United States; has final appellate jurisdiction and has jurisdiction over all other courts in the nation; Supreme Court; United States Supreme Court

Tarzan of the Apes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a man raised by apes who was the hero of a series of novels by Edgar Rice Burroughs; Tarzan

Temple of Apollo

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Greek mythology) the oracle at Delphi where a priestess supposedly delivered messages from Apollo to those who sought advice; the messages were usually obscure or ambiguous; Oracle of Apollo; Delphic oracle; oracle of Delphi

Temple of Artemis

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a large temple at Ephesus that was said to be one of the seven wonders of the ancient world

Temple of Jerusalem

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall; Temple of Solomon

Temple of Solomon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of three successive temples in Jerusalem that served as the primary center for Jewish worship; the first temple contained the Ark of the Covenant and was built by Solomon in the 10th century BC and destroyed by Nebuchadnezzar in 586 BC; the second was built in 515 BC and the third was an enlargement by Herod the Great in 20 BC that was destroyed by the Romans during a Jewish revolt in AD 70; all that remains is the Wailing Wall; Temple of Jerusalem

Teresa of Avila

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Spanish mystic and religious reformer; author of religious classics and a Christian saint (1515-1582); Saint Teresa of Avila

Thales of Miletus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a presocratic Greek philosopher and astronomer (who predicted an eclipse in 585 BC) who was said by Aristotle to be the founder of physical science; he held that all things originated in water (624-546 BC); Thales

Third Council of Constantinople

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the sixth ecumenical council in 680-681 which condemned Monothelitism by defining two wills in Christ, divine and human; Constantinople

Third Epistel of John

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the third New Testament epistle traditionally attributed to Saint John the Apostle; III John

Tower of Babel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (Genesis 11:1-11) a tower built by Noah's descendants (probably in Babylon) who intended it to reach up to heaven; God foiled them by confusing their language so they could no longer understand one another; Babel

Tower of London

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a fortress in London on the Thames; used as a palace and a state prison and now as a museum containing the crown jewels

Tower of Pharos

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a great lighthouse (500 feet high) built at Alexandria in 285 BC

Transfiguration of Jesus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (New Testament) the sudden emanation of radiance from the person of Jesus; Transfiguration

Treaty of Versailles

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans

Tribes of Israel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. twelve kin groups of ancient Israel each traditionally descended from one of the twelve sons of Jacob; Twelve Tribes of Israel

Tropic of Cancer

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a line of latitude about 23 degrees to the north of the equator

Tropic of Capricorn

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a line of latitude about 23 degrees to the south of the equator

Twelve Tribes of Israel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. twelve kin groups of ancient Israel each traditionally descended from one of the twelve sons of Jacob; Tribes of Israel

Twilight of the Gods

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. myth about the ultimate destruction of the gods in a battle with evil; Gotterdammerung; Ragnarok

U.S. House of Representatives

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the lower legislative house of the United States Congress; United States House of Representatives; US House of Representatives; House of Representatives; U.S. House; US House

U.S. National Library of Medicine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the world's largest medical library; National Library of Medicine; United States National Library of Medicine

US House of Representatives

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the lower legislative house of the United States Congress; United States House of Representatives; U.S. House of Representatives; House of Representatives; U.S. House; US House

Union of Burma

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous republic in southeastern Asia on the Bay of Bengal; Myanmar; Burma

Union of Serbia and Montenegro

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a mountainous republic in southeastern Europe bordering on the Adriatic Sea; formed from two of the six republics that made up Yugoslavia until 1992; Serbia and Montenegro were known as the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia until 2003 when they adopted the name of the Union of Serbia and Montenegro; Serbia and Montenegro; Yugoslavia; Federal Republic of Yugoslavia; Jugoslavija

Union of Soviet Socialist Republics

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a former communist country in eastern Europe and northern Asia; established in 1922; included Russia and 14 other soviet socialist republics (Ukraine and Byelorussia and others); officially dissolved 31 December 1991; Soviet Union; Russia; USSR

United Church of Christ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. merger of the Congregational Christian Church and the Evangelical and Reformed Church in 1957

United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a monarchy in northwestern Europe occupying most of the British Isles; divided into England and Scotland and Wales and Northern Ireland; `Great Britain' is often used loosely to refer to the United Kingdom; United Kingdom; UK; U.K.; Britain; Great Britain

United Mine Workers of America

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an industrial union of mine workers in North America; United Mine Workers

United Republic of Tanzania

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a republic in eastern Africa; Tanzania

United Self-Defense Force of Colombia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members; United Self-Defense Group of Colombia; Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia; AUC

United Self-Defense Group of Colombia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a terrorist organization in Colombia formed in 1997 as an umbrella for local and regional paramilitary groups; is financed by earnings from narcotics and serves to protect the economic interests of its members; United Self-Defense Force of Colombia; Autodefensas Unidas de Colombia; AUC

United Society of Believers in Christ 's Second Appearing

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a celibate and communistic Christian sect in the United States; Shakers

United States Department of Defense

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department responsible for safeguarding national security of the United States; created in 1947; Department of Defense; Defense Department; Defense; DoD

United States Department of State

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the federal department in the United States that sets and maintains foreign policies; Department of State; State Department; State; DoS

United States House of Representatives

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the lower legislative house of the United States Congress; U.S. House of Representatives; US House of Representatives; House of Representatives; U.S. House; US House

United States National Library of Medicine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the world's largest medical library; National Library of Medicine; U.S. National Library of Medicine

United States of America

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. North American republic containing 50 states - 48 conterminous states in North America plus Alaska in northwest North America and the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean; achieved independence in 1776; United States; America; the States; US; U.S.; USA; U.S.A.

University of California at Berkeley

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Berkeley, California

University of Chicago

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Chicago, Illinois

University of Michigan

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Ann Arbor, Michigan

University of Nebraska

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Lincoln, Nebraska

University of North Carolina

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Chapel Hill, North Carolina

University of Paris

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Paris; intellectual center of France; Paris University; Sorbonne

University of Pennsylvania

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; Pennsylvania; Penn

University of Pittsburgh

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

University of Sussex

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a red-brick university in Brighton, England; Sussex University

University of Texas

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Austin, Texas

University of Vermont

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Burlington, Vermont

University of Washington

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Seattle, Washington

University of West Virginia

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Morgantown, West Virginia

University of Wisconsin

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a university in Madison, Wisconsin

Vanguards of Conquest

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Islamic extremist group active since the late 1970s; seeks to overthrow the Egyptian government and replace it with an Islamic state; works in small underground cells; al-Jihad; Egyptian Islamic Jihad; Islamic Jihad

Veterans of Foreign Wars

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an organization of United States war veterans; VFW

Vicar of Christ

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the head of the Roman Catholic Church; pope; Catholic Pope; Roman Catholic Pope; pontiff; Holy Father; Bishop of Rome

Vice President of the United States

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the vice president of the United States who presides over the United States Senate

War of 1812

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a war (1812-1814) between the United States and England which was trying to interfere with American trade with France

War of American Independence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the revolution of the American Colonies against Great Britain; 1775-1783; American Revolution; American Revolutionary War; American War of Independence

War of Greek Independence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the Greeks rebelled against Turkish rule in 1821; with the support of England and France and Russia they won independence in 1828 at Navarino (although the country included only half its present size)

War of the Austrian Succession

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Prussia and Austria fought over Silesia and most of the rest of Europe took sides; 1740-1748

War of the Grand Alliance

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an aggressive war waged by Louis XIV against Spain and the Holy Roman Empire and England and Holland and other states (1689-1697); War of the League of Augsburg

War of the League of Augsburg

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an aggressive war waged by Louis XIV against Spain and the Holy Roman Empire and England and Holland and other states (1689-1697); War of the Grand Alliance

War of the Roses

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. struggle for the English throne (1455-1485) between the house of York (white rose) and the house of Lancaster (red rose) ending with the accession of the Tudor monarch Henry VII; Wars of the Roses

War of the Spanish Succession

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a general war in Europe (1701-1714) that broke out when Louis XIV installed his grandson on the throne of Spain; England and Holland hoped to limit Louis' power

Wars of the Roses

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. struggle for the English throne (1455-1485) between the house of York (white rose) and the house of Lancaster (red rose) ending with the accession of the Tudor monarch Henry VII; War of the Roses

William of Occam

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349); Occam; Ockham; William of Ockham

William of Ockham

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English scholastic philosopher and assumed author of Occam's Razor (1285-1349); Occam; William of Occam; Ockham

William of Orange

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. King of England and Scotland and Ireland; he married the daughter of James II and was invited by opponents of James II to invade England; when James fled, William III and Mary II were declared joint monarchs (1650-1702); William III

William of Wykeham

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. English prelate and statesman; founded a college at Oxford and Winchester College in Winchester; served as chancellor of England and bishop of Winchester (1324-1404); Wykeham

Wisdom of Jesus the Son of Sirach

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book mainly of maxims (resembling Proverbs in that respect); Ben Sira; Sirach; Ecclesiasticus

Wisdom of Solomon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an Apocryphal book consisting mainly of a meditation on wisdom; although ascribed to Solomon it was probably written in the first century BC; Wisdom

Word of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a manifestation of the mind and will of God
  2. the sacred writings of the Christian religions; Bible; Christian Bible; Book; Good Book; Holy Scripture; Holy Writ; Scripture; Word
  3. the message of the Gospel of Christ

World Council of Churches

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an ecumenical organization of Protestant and eastern churches; intended to promote unity and cooperation in religious and secular matters

Zeno of Citium

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Stoic school (circa 335-263 BC); Zeno

Zeno of Elea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. ancient Greek philosopher who formulated paradoxes that defended the belief that motion and change are illusory (circa 495-430 BC); Zeno

a couple of

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
adj.
  1. more than one but indefinitely small in number; a few
n.
  1. (law) the removal or termination or destruction of something that has been found to be a nuisance; nuisance abatement
n.
  1. the act of granting rights; accordance

ace of clubs

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the ace in the club suit
n.
  1. the ace in the diamond suit

ace of hearts

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the ace in the heart suit

ace of spades

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the ace in the spade suit; sometimes taken as a portent of death

act of God

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a natural and unavoidable catastrophe that interrupts the expected course of events; force majeure; vis major; inevitable accident; unavoidable casualty
n.
  1. the calculated use of violence (or the threat of violence) against civilians in order to attain goals that are political or religious or ideological in nature; this is done through intimidation or coercion or instilling fear; terrorism; terrorist act
n.
  1. the minimum age for marrying without parental consent or the minimum age for consensual sexual relations; intercourse at an earlier age can result in a charge of assault or statutory rape; the age differs in different states of the Union
adv.
  1. in an advantageous position

ahead of time

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
adv.
  1. before the usual time or the time expected; early; too soon
n.
  1. a tort based on willful and malicious interference with the marriage relation by a third party without justification or excuse

all of a sudden

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
adv.
  1. without warning; all at once
  2. happening unexpectedly; suddenly; of a sudden
n.
  1. the alternation of two or more different forms in the life cycle of a plant or animal; heterogenesis; xenogenesis
n.
  1. a quantity of money; sum; sum of money; amount
E.g.
  • The estimated total amount of money was $20 million.
  • Besides, the amount of money he stole is a small amount.
  • Ward worked hard and saved every amount of money he could.
n.
  1. a statistical method for making simultaneous comparisons between two or more means; a statistical method that yields values that can be tested to determine whether a significant relation exists between variables; ANOVA
n.
  1. the acute angle between the direction of the undisturbed relative wind and the chord of an airfoil

angle of dip

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (physics) the angle that a magnetic needle makes with the plane of the horizon; dip; magnetic dip; magnetic inclination; inclination
n.
  1. the angle from its axis that a crystal must be rotated before appearing maximally dark when viewed in polarized light; extinction angle
n.
  1. the angle that a line makes with a line perpendicular to the surface at the point of incidence; incidence angle
n.
  1. (geometry) the angle formed by the x-axis and a given line (measured counterclockwise from the positive half of the x-axis); inclination
n.
  1. the angle between a reflected ray and a line perpendicular to the reflecting surface at the point of incidence
n.
  1. the angle between a refracted ray and a line perpendicular to the surface between the two media at the point of refraction

angle of view

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the angle included by a photographic lens; view angle
n.
  1. a Catholic sacrament; a priest anoints a dying person with oil and prays for salvation; extreme unction; last rites

apex of the sun 's way

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the point on the celestial sphere toward which the sun and solar system appear to be moving relative to the fixed stars; apex; solar apex

apple of Peru

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. coarse South American herb grown for its blue-and-white flowers followed by a bladderlike fruit enclosing a dry berry; shoo fly; Nicandra physaloides
  2. intensely poisonous tall coarse annual tropical weed having rank-smelling foliage, large white or violet trumpet-shaped flowers and prickly fruits; jimsonweed; jimson weed; Jamestown weed; common thorn apple; Datura stramonium
n.
  1. (classical mythology) a golden apple thrown into a banquet of the gods by Eris (goddess of discord--who had not been invited); the apple had `for the fairest' written on it and Hera and Athena and Aphrodite all claimed it; when Paris (prince of Troy) awarded it to Aphrodite it began a chain of events that led to the Trojan War
n.
  1. curved arteries of the kidney
n.
  1. veins that receive blood from interlobular veins of kidney and rectal venules; vena arcuata renis

area 17 of Brodmann

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the part of the occipital cortex that receives the fibers of the optic radiation from the lateral geniculate body and is the primary receptive area for vision; striate cortex; striate area; first visual area; Brodmann's area 17
n.
  1. a triangular area of the front of the chest (determined by percussion); corresponds to the part of the heart not covered by the lungs
n.
  1. an artery that is a branch of the basilar artery that supplies the labyrinth; labyrinthine artery; internal auditory artery
n.
  1. a branch of the internal pudendal artery of males that supplies the bulb of the penis; arteria bulbi penis
n.
  1. a branch of the internal pudendal artery in females that supplies the bulb of the vestibule; arteria bulbi vestibuli
n.
  1. a covering designed to be worn on a person's body; clothing; vesture; wear; wearable; habiliment
n.
  1. an article that is offered for sale
n.
  1. (Christianity) any of the sections into which a creed or other statement of doctrine is divided; credendum
  2. an unshakable belief in something without need for proof or evidence; conviction; strong belief
n.
  1. furnishings that make a room or other area ready for occupancy; furniture; piece of furniture
n.
  1. a contract between crew and captain of a ship; shipping articles
n.
  1. a legal document that creates a corporation; it is filed with a state by the founders of a corporation and is governed by the laws of the state
adv.
  1. in reality or actuality; in fact; in point of fact
n.
  1. the upper chamber of each half of the heart; atrium cordis

attar of roses

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a volatile fragrant oil obtained from fresh roses by steam distillation; rose oil
n.
  1. the center around which something rotates; axis
n.
  1. a very remote and inaccessible place

bag of tricks

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a supply of ways of accomplishing something
n.
  1. a system of recording all of a country's economic transactions with the rest of the world over a period of one year; balance of payments
n.
  1. a system of recording all of a country's economic transactions with the rest of the world over a period of one year; balance of international payments
n.
  1. an equilibrium of power between nations
n.
  1. the difference in value over a period of time of a country's imports and exports of merchandise; trade balance; visible balance; trade gap

ball of fire

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. someone whose career progresses rapidly; go-getter; whizz-kid; whiz-kid
  2. a highly energetic and indefatigable person; powerhouse; human dynamo; fireball

balm of Gilead

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. medium-sized fir of northeastern North America; leaves smell of balsam when crushed; much used for pulpwood and Christmas trees; balsam fir; Canada balsam; Abies balsamea
  2. a fragrant oleoresin

balm of gilead

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. small evergreen tree of Africa and Asia; leaves have a strong aromatic odor when bruised; Commiphora meccanensis

balsam of Peru

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. dark brown syrupy balsam from the Peruvian balsam tree used especially in dressing wounds and treating certain skin diseases
n.
  1. aromatic yellowish brown balsam from the tolu balsam tree used especially in cough syrups; tolu; tolu balsam
n.
  1. natural family planning in which the fertile period of the woman's menstrual cycle is inferred by noting the rise in basal body temperature that typically occurs with ovulation; basal body temperature method
n.
  1. installation from which a military force initiates operations; base

battle of Atlanta

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a siege in which Federal troops under Sherman cut off the railroads supplying the city and then burned it; 1864; Atlanta

battle of Austerlitz

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a decisive battle during the Napoleonic campaigns (1805); the French under Napoleon defeated the Russian armies of Czar Alexander I and the Austrian armies of Emperor Francis II; Austerlitz

battle of Boyne

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in the War of the Grand Alliance in Ireland in 1690; William III defeated the deposed James II and so ended the Catholicism that had been reintroduced in England by the Stuarts; Boyne

battle of Brunanburh

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 937 when Athelstan defeated the Scots; Brunanburh

battle of Bunker Hill

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the first important battle of the American War of Independence (1775) which was fought at Breed's Hill; the British defeated the colonial forces; Bunker Hill

battle of Caporetto

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. battle of World War I (1917); Italians were defeated by the Austrian and German forces; Caporetto

battle of Chattanooga

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. in the American Civil War (1863) the Union armies of Hooker, Thomas, and Sherman under the command of Ulysses S. Grant won a decisive victory over the Confederate Army under Braxton Bragg; Chattanooga

battle of Chickamauga

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Confederate victory in the American Civil War (1863); Confederate forces under Braxton Bragg defeated Union forces; Chickamauga

battle of Cowpens

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. battle in the American Revolution; Americans under Daniel Morgan defeated the British; Cowpens

battle of Crecy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the first decisive battle of the Hundred Years' War; in 1346 the English under Edward III defeated the French under Philip of Valois; Crecy

battle of Cunaxa

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. battle in 401 BC when the Artaxerxes II defeated his younger brother who tried to usurp the throne; Cunaxa

battle of Cynoscephalae

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the battle that ended the second Macedonian War (197 BC); the Romans defeated Philip V who lost his control of Greece; Cynoscephalae

battle of Hastings

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the decisive battle in which William the Conqueror (duke of Normandy) defeated the Saxons under Harold II (1066) and thus left England open for the Norman Conquest; Hastings

battle of Hohenlinden

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle during the Napoleonic Wars (1800); the French defeated the Austrians; Hohenlinden

battle of Ipsus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle between the successors of Alexander the Great (301 BC); Lysimachus and Seleucus defeated Antigonus and Demetrius; Ipsus

battle of Issus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle (333 BC) in which Alexander the Great defeated the Persians under Darius III; Issus

battle of Ivry

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle (1590) in which the Huguenots under Henry IV defeated the Catholics under the duke of Mayenne; Ivry; Ivry la Bataille

battle of Jutland

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an indecisive naval battle in World War I (1916); fought between the British and German fleets off the northwestern coast of Denmark; Jutland

battle of Langside

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. (1568) Catholic forces supporting Mary Queen of Scots were routed by Protestants; Langside

battle of Leuctra

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Thebes defeated Sparta in 371 BC; the battle ended Sparta's military supremacy in Greece; Leuctra

battle of Lule Burgas

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the principal battle of the Balkan Wars (1912); Bulgarian forces defeated the Turks; Lule Burgas

battle of Lutzen

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in the Thirty Years' War (1632); Swedes under Gustavus Adolphus defeated the Holy Roman Empire under Wallenstein; Gustavus Adolphus was killed; Lutzen

battle of Marathon

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 490 BC in which the Athenians and their allies defeated the Persians; Marathon

battle of Marston Moor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 1644 in which the Parliamentarians under the earl of Manchester defeated the Royalists under Prince Rupert; Marston Moor

battle of Minden

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in the Seven Years' War (1759) in which the English forces and their allies defeated the French; Minden

battle of Navarino

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a decisive naval battle in the War of Greek Independence (1827); the Turkish and Egyptian fleet was defeated by an allied fleet of British and French and Russian warships; Navarino

battle of Omdurman

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle (1898) in which an English and Egyptian army under Kitchener defeated the Sudanese; Omdurman

battle of Panipat

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. battle in which the ruler of Afghanistan defeated the Mahrattas in 1761; Panipat

battle of Pharsalus

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Caesar defeated Pompey in 48 BC; Pharsalus

battle of Philippi

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. Octavian and Mark Antony defeated Brutus and Cassius in 42 BC; Philippi

battle of Pittsburgh Landing

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the second great battle of the American Civil War (1862); the battle ended with the withdrawal of Confederate troops but it was not a Union victory; Shiloh; battle of Shiloh

battle of Plassey

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the victory in 1757 by the British under Clive over Siraj-ud-daula that established British supremacy over Bengal; Plassey

battle of Plataea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a defeat of the Persian army by the Greeks at Plataea in 479 BC; Plataea

battle of Poitiers

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the battle in 1356 in which the English under the Black Prince defeated the French; Poitiers

battle of Rossbach

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in the Seven Years' War (1757); Prussian forces under Frederick the Great defeated the armies of France and Austria; Rossbach

battle of Saratoga

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle during the American Revolution (1777); the British under Burgoyne were defeated; Saratoga

battle of Sempatch

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the Swiss Confederation escaped Hapsburg domination by their victory in 1386; Sempatch

battle of Shiloh

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the second great battle of the American Civil War (1862); the battle ended with the withdrawal of Confederate troops but it was not a Union victory; Shiloh; battle of Pittsburgh Landing

battle of Soissons-Reims

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in World War I (May 1918); the Germans tried to attack before the American numbers were too great to defeat; the tactical success of the Germans proved to be a strategic failure; Soissons; battle of the Chemin-des-Dames; battle of the Aisne

battle of Solferino

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an indecisive battle in 1859 between the French and Sardinians under Napoleon III and the Austrians under Francis Joseph I; Solferino

battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle between the armies of Grant and Lee during the Wilderness Campaign; Spotsylvania

battle of St Mihiel

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in the Meuse-Argonne operation in World War I (1918); the battle in which American troops launched their first offensive in France; Saint-Mihiel; St Mihiel

battle of Tannenberg

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in World War I (1914); decisive German victory over the Russians; Tannenberg

battle of Tertry

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in France in 687 among the descendants of Clovis; Tertry

battle of Teutoburger Wald

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in 9 AD in which the Germans under Arminius annihilated three Roman Legions; Teutoburger Wald

battle of Tewkesbury

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the final battle of the War of the Roses in 1471 in which Edward IV defeated the Lancastrians; Tewkesbury

battle of Thermopylae

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a famous battle in 480 BC; a Greek army under Leonidas was annihilated by the Persians who were trying to conquer Greece; Thermopylae

battle of Trafalgar

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a naval battle in 1805 off the southwest coast of Spain; the French and Spanish fleets were defeated by the English under Nelson (who was mortally wounded); Trafalgar

battle of Trasimeno

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in central Italy where Hannibal defeated the Romans under Flaminius in 217 BC; Trasimeno

battle of Valmy

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the French defeated the Austrian and Prussian troops in 1792 (with a famous cannonade from the French artillery); Valmy

battle of Verdun

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in World War I (1916); in some of the bloodiest fighting in World War I the German offensive was stopped; Verdun

battle of Wagram

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in the Napoleonic campaigns (1809); Napoleon defeated the Austrians; Wagram

battle of Ypres

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. battle in World War I (1917); an Allied offensive which eventually failed because tanks bogged down in the waterlogged soil of Flanders; Germans introduced mustard gas which interfered with the Allied artillery; Ypres; third battle of Ypres
  2. battle in World War I (1915); Germans wanted to try chlorine (a toxic yellow gas) as a weapon and succeeded in taking considerable territory from the Allied salient; Ypres; second battle of Ypres
  3. battle in World War I (1914); heavy but indecisive fighting as the Allies and the Germans both tried to break through the lines of the others; Ypres; first battle of Ypres

battle of Zama

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the battle in 202 BC in which Scipio decisively defeated Hannibal at the end of the second Punic War; Zama

battle of the Aisne

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in World War I (May 1918); the Germans tried to attack before the American numbers were too great to defeat; the tactical success of the Germans proved to be a strategic failure; Soissons; battle of Soissons-Reims; battle of the Chemin-des-Dames

battle of the Bismarck Sea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a naval battle in World War II; Allied land-based bombers destroyed a Japanese convoy in the Bismarck Sea in March 1943; Bismarck Sea

battle of the Chemin-des-Dames

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a battle in World War I (May 1918); the Germans tried to attack before the American numbers were too great to defeat; the tactical success of the Germans proved to be a strategic failure; Soissons; battle of Soissons-Reims; battle of the Aisne

battle of the Coral Sea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a Japanese defeat in World War II (May 1942); the first naval battle fought entirely by planes based on aircraft carriers; Coral Sea

battle of the Philippine Sea

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a naval battle in World War II (1944); a decisive naval victory for the United States fleet over the Japanese who were trying to block supplies from reaching American troops on Leyte; Philippine Sea
n.
  1. a contest in which intelligence rather than violence is used

beam of light