Proteidae Proteinaceous

Protein

Meanings and phrases

protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of a large group of nitrogenous organic compounds that are essential constituents of living cells; consist of polymers of amino acids; essential in the diet of animals for growth and for repair of tissues; can be obtained from meat and eggs and milk and legumes

C-reactive protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a byproduct of inflammation; a globulin that is found in the blood in some cases of acute inflammation; CRP

amyloid protein plaque

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a plaque consisting of tangles of amyloid protein in nervous tissue (a pathological mark of Alzheimer's disease); amyloid plaque

compound protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a protein complex combining amino acids with other substances; conjugated protein

conjugated protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a protein complex combining amino acids with other substances; compound protein

iodinated protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a protein that contains iodine; iodoprotein

mild silver protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. antiseptic consisting of a compound of protein and silver (trade name Argyrol); Argyrol

plasma protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any of the proteins in blood plasma

protein folding

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. the process whereby a protein molecule assumes its intricate three-dimensional shape; folding
E.g.
  • HSP90 is key in protein folding and maturation.
  • This effect may assist in protein folding.
  • This type of structure forms easily during the protein folding process.

protein molecule

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. any large molecule containing chains of amino acids linked by peptide bonds

recombinant protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a protein derived from recombinant DNA

silver protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a colloid preparation of protein (albumin or gelatin) and silver oxide; used in aqueous solution as an antibacterial agent

simple protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a protein that yields only amino acids when hydrolyzed

protein encoded

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The protein encoded by this gene is a diacylglycerol kinase, beta isotype.
  • The protein encoded by this gene is included in class IV of the sirtuin family.
  • The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the immunoglobulin superfamily.

protein kinase

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • BRI1 belongs to the large leucine-rich receptor-like protein kinase family.
  • Finally, the Akt protein kinase promotes cell survival through two pathways.
  • The “foraging gene” in "D. melanogaster" encodes a cGMP mediated protein kinase (PKG).

protein synthesis

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Chloramphenicol is a bacteriostatic by inhibiting protein synthesis.
  • Insulin also carries amino acids into cells and promotes protein synthesis.
  • Tryptophan is an essential amino acid, and is required for protein synthesis.

encoded protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The encoded protein may play a role in cytoskeletal architecture.
  • The encoded protein inhibits ligand-dependent activation of transcription.
  • The encoded protein catalyzes the first step in the heme biosynthetic pathway.

protein family

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This gene encodes a member of the apyrase protein family.
  • FIT2 is part of the FIT protein family.
  • The DUF1608 has been assigned to the protein family (Pfam), pfam07752.

membrane protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • YadA is a collagen-binding outer membrane protein.
  • BRI1 is an integral membrane protein.
  • YadA is a homotrimeric outer membrane protein which forms part of the fibrillar matrix.

protein structure

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In protein structure examinations, amino acid-specific SLs can be used.
  • A spin label's built-in protein structure can be detected by EPR spectroscopy.
  • Wrinch developed this suggestion into a full-fledged model of protein structure.

binding protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The ARE binding protein KSRP has a Pin1 binding site.
  • retinol binding protein).
  • "Fkbp5" encodes a GR-responsive protein known as Fk506 binding protein 51 (FKBP5).

protein complex

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It consists of a protein complex and is composed of four distinct chains.
  • The GABA receptor is a protein complex located in the synapses between neurons.
  • The divisome is a membrane protein complex with proteins on both sides of the cytoplasmic membrane.

encodes a protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It encodes a protein from a family of bacterial proteins with no known function.
  • The MATP gene encodes a protein illustrated to have roles in melanogenesis in humans, mice, and medaka.
  • It encodes a protein 55% identical and 69% similar to human neurofibromin over its entire 2,802 amino acid length.

protein domain

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The YadA protein domain, is a form of trimeric autotransporter adhesins (TAAs).
  • Whirly In molecular biology the protein domain Whirly is a transcription factor commonly found in plants.
  • YadA bacterial adhesin protein domain In molecular biology, YadA is a protein domain which is short for "Yersinia" adhesin A.

finger protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • RNF43 Ring finger protein 43 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the RNF43 gene.
  • ZNF800 is part of a large zinc finger protein family, and several other members of this family have previously been described.
  • It is also known as Smad-interacting zinc finger protein 2 (SIZN2), para-neoplastic Ma antigen family member 7b (PNMA7B), and LOC644353.

protein content

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Mushrooms have high protein content.
  • Changes in protein content may occur without noticeable structural changes.
  • As they grow they become more predatory and the protein content of their diet rises.

transmembrane protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • ANO1 is a transmembrane protein that functions as a calcium-activated chloride channel.
  • The most common retention sequences are KDEL for lumen located proteins and KKXX for transmembrane protein.
  • TMEM127 Transmembrane protein 127 (TMEM127) is a transmembrane protein which is encoded by the "TMEM127" gene..

ribosomal protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It precedes the operon containing "rpsF" and "rpsR", which encode ribosomal protein S6 and ribosomal protein S18, respectively.
  • It was shown that RpsF leader regulates gene expression in response to the S6:S18 complex, contributing to the regulation of ribosomal protein levels.

protein kinases

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It is also involved in the activation of protein kinases.
  • Not all protein kinases respond to cAMP.
  • Several classes of protein kinases, including protein kinase C, are not cAMP-dependent.

protein contains

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This protein contains 10 beta strands and 2 alpha helices.
  • In humans, the protein contains a total of 206 amino acids.
  • The protein contains three domains.

protein expression

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It also plays a role in the analysis of gene and protein expression and regulation.
  • One of the microRNA modifications changes its gene and protein expression by destabilizing its mRNA.
  • The protein expression data is derived from antibody-based protein profiling using immunohistochemistry.

protein sequence

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • They are also used to summarise conserved protein sequence motifs.
  • This motif is composed of four amino acids at the end of the protein sequence.
  • There are eleven common mutations that occur that affect the protein sequence itself.

protein called

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The subunit protein of microfilaments is a small, monomeric protein called actin.
  • The intracellular domain of all nectins directly bind to a protein called L-Afadin.
  • It consists of several oligomeric structural subunits made of protein called protomers.

protein complexes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • These large protein complexes may act as spacers between the sheets of stromal thylakoids.
  • The channels can be formed by protein complexes that run across the membrane or by peptides.
  • The assembly of multi-subunit membrane protein complexes has also been studied using spin labeling.

fusion protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This limits the usefulness of Kaede as a fusion protein tag.
  • APO010, also known as mega-FasLigand is a recombinant fusion protein.
  • This fusion protein has enzyme activity that can be inhibited by imatinib, a small molecule drug.

protein structures

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • This currently remains the only way to predict protein structures reliably.
  • These protein structures are usually related to one single physiological protein activity.
  • This includes nucleotide and amino acid sequences, protein domains, and protein structures.

same protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding the same protein have been found for this gene.
  • One example of this is hemoglobin in humans and the hemoglobin in legumes (leghemoglobin), which are distant relatives from the same protein superfamily.
  • At the higher end, it can be the sequence variations for the regions of the genome that code for the same protein which can be up to several thousand base-pairs long.

protein binding

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The plasma protein binding of norethisterone is 97%.
  • The plasma protein binding of gestodene is 98%.
  • It can cross the placenta and its protein binding capacity is 65%.

protein sequences

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Dunn and Clark used both DNA and amino acid protein sequences to produce renderings.
  • A phylogenetic tree is usually derived from DNA or protein sequences from populations.
  • In mice models, for all novel protein sequences, potential MHC-binding peptides were predicted.

source of protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Krill constitute the next biggest source of protein.
  • Fish is the main source of protein in Bengali cuisine.
  • Bee pollen is the primary source of protein for the hive.

fluorescent protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • observed directly replication sites in budding yeast by monitoring green fluorescent protein(GFP)-tagged DNA polymerases α.
  • Kaede (protein) Kaede is a photoactivatable fluorescent protein naturally originated from a stony coral, "Trachyphyllia geoffroyi".
  • Bacteria have also been engineered to function as sensors by expressing a fluorescent protein under certain environmental conditions.

high protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Skunk Botia require a high protein diet.
  • Mushrooms have high protein content.
  • "Solidago" produces relatively high protein pollen, which helps honey bees over winter.

protein levels

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Dcytb mRNA and protein levels in the gut are increased by iron deficiency and hypoxia which acts to promote dietary iron absorption.
  • Patients must also be continually tested for serum creatinine, estimated creatinine clearance, urine glucose, and urine protein levels.
  • It was shown that RpsF leader regulates gene expression in response to the S6:S18 complex, contributing to the regulation of ribosomal protein levels.

protein involved

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The C-terminus is associated with a PDZ domain protein involved in channel targeting.
  • Dishevelled is a scaffold protein involved in the regulation of the Wnt signaling pathway.
  • The mice were engineered to produce human tissue plasminogen activator, a protein involved in breaking down blood clots.

protein coding

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • LOC101059915 also has one protein coding transcript.
  • Additionally they took 35 protein coding loci from databases.
  • KIAA1551 is a protein coding gene found on Chromosome 12 and maps to 12p11.21.

human protein

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The nucleotide sequence that codes for human protein C is approximately 11,000 bases long.
  • Zinc-activated ion channel Zinc-activated ion channel (ZAC), is a human protein encoded by the gene.
  • ZCCHC18 is a human protein with 403 amino acids in length and has a predicted molecular weight of 45,160 daltons.
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