Receptivity Receptors

Receptor

Meanings and phrases

receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a cellular structure that is postulated to exist in order to mediate between a chemical agent that acts on nervous tissue and the physiological response
  2. an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation; sense organ; sensory receptor

alpha receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasoconstriction and relaxation of intestinal muscles and contraction of smooth muscles); alpha-adrenergic receptor; alpha-adrenoceptor

alpha-adrenergic receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasoconstriction and relaxation of intestinal muscles and contraction of smooth muscles); alpha receptor; alpha-adrenoceptor

beta receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat); beta-adrenergic receptor; beta-adrenoceptor

beta-adrenergic receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. receptors postulated to exist on nerve cell membranes of the sympathetic nervous system in order to explain the specificity of certain agents that affect only some sympathetic activities (such as vasodilation and increased heart beat); beta receptor; beta-adrenoceptor

sensory receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. an organ having nerve endings (in the skin or viscera or eye or ear or nose or mouth) that respond to stimulation; sense organ; receptor

stretch receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
n.
  1. a receptor in a muscle that responds to stretching of the muscle tissue

olfactory receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The olfactory receptor gene family is the largest in the genome.
  • CNG channels have important functions in signal transduction in retinal photoreceptors and olfactory receptor neurons.
  • The nomenclature assigned to the olfactory receptor genes and proteins for this organism is independent of other organisms.

receptor antagonist

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It is an extremely potent GABA receptor antagonist.
  • EBOB EBOB is a GABA receptor antagonist and neurotoxin.
  • BIDN BIDN is a GABA receptor antagonist and convulsant.

factor receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Like lapatinib and afatinib, it is a dual inhibitor of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinases.
  • They were found during a search for protein kinases that are rapidly phosphorylated after activation of cell surface tyrosine kinases such as the epidermal growth factor receptor.

estrogen receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • ("S")-Equol preferentially binds estrogen receptor beta.
  • RU-16117 is an estrogen, or an agonist of the estrogen receptor (ER).
  • Baicalein is also an antagonist of the estrogen receptor, or an antiestrogen.

receptor antagonists

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Additionally, most also act as α-adrenergic receptor antagonists.
  • Administration of D1and D2 receptor antagonists reduced gratification.
  • These three metabolites are more potent AT receptor antagonists than their prodrugs.

receptor gene

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The 5-HT receptor gene is found on the X-chromosome, Xq24.
  • The olfactory receptor gene family is the largest in the genome.
  • The V1a vasopressin receptor gene is a mechanism most widely studied.

androgen receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • MGA is a weak partial agonist of the androgen receptor (AR).
  • Like other AAS, mesterolone is an agonist of the androgen receptor (AR).
  • DDE acts as a weak androgen receptor antagonist, but not as an estrogen.

receptor agonist

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • It is an α adrenergic receptor agonist.
  • It has also been found to be a GABA receptor agonist "in vitro".
  • BAY 60–6583 BAY 60–6583 is a selective adenosine A receptor agonist.

receptor proteins

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Cells detect ATP using the purinergic receptor proteins P2X and P2Y.
  • Cell surface membranes also contain receptor proteins that allow cells to detect external signaling molecules such as hormones.
  • Hormones affect distant cells by binding to specific receptor proteins in the target cell resulting in a change in cell function.

growth factor receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Like lapatinib and afatinib, it is a dual inhibitor of the human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (Her2) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinases.
  • They were found during a search for protein kinases that are rapidly phosphorylated after activation of cell surface tyrosine kinases such as the epidermal growth factor receptor.

receptor genes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Further, to help understand the neurobiology of behavior, fox and dog orthologs of serotonin receptor genes were cloned.
  • The nomenclature assigned to the olfactory receptor genes and proteins for this organism is independent of other organisms.
  • Individual olfactory sensory neurons express only one of the thousand receptor genes, such that neurons are functionally distinct.

receptor gene family

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The olfactory receptor gene family is the largest in the genome.

acetylcholine receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The prototypic ligand-gated ion channel is the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor.
  • Cholesterol binds to and affects the gating of a number of ion channels such as the nicotinic acetylcholine receptor, GABA receptor, and the inward-rectifier potassium channel.
  • Functional analysis indicates that this protein is not a ligand or neurotransmitter but has the capacity to enhance nicotinic acetylcholine receptor function in the presence of acetylcholine.

olfactory receptor genes

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The nomenclature assigned to the olfactory receptor genes and proteins for this organism is independent of other organisms.

receptor tyrosine

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Gradually the number of identified tyrosine kinases and receptor tyrosine kinases grew.
  • In 1990 receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) initiation of intracellular signaling was detected.
  • Ras is typically activated by growth hormones through receptor tyrosine kinases and GRB2/SOS, but may also receive other signals.

olfactory receptor gene

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The olfactory receptor gene family is the largest in the genome.

olfactory receptor proteins

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • The olfactory receptor proteins are members of a large family of G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCR) arising from single coding-exon genes.

receptor family

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • Analysis of fungi showed that there were no secretin receptor family GPCRs, which suggests that they evolved from adhesion GPCRs in a later organism.
  • Olfactory receptor family 2 subfamily ag member 2 Olfactory receptor family 2 subfamily AG member 2 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the OR2AG2 gene.

receptor agonists

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • In 2016 the discovery of novel G protein biased 5-HT receptor agonists was published.
  • mCPP is used as a prototype research tool for drug discovery of selective 5-HT receptor agonists.
  • Later, animal studies showed that serotonin receptor agonists might act as a mediator of satiety.

cell receptor

Pronunciation American British Australian Indian
E.g.
  • An antigen binds the highly variable immunoreceptor products (B cell receptor or T cell receptor) once these have been generated.
  • The invariant T cell receptor of the iNKT cell is able to bind the CD1d:glycolipid complex leading to iNKT cell activation in both mice and humans.
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