İfadeler ve örnek cümleler

stem cells   (kök hücreler)

Unlike true stem cells, callus is heterogeneous.

These cells are now characterized as stem cells.

This is followed by transplanting peripheral blood stem cells.

blood cells   (kan hücreleri)

Oxygen binds with red blood cells in the blood stream.

This parasite then enters and destroys red blood cells.

It can also damage hair follicles and white blood cells.

cancer cells   (kanser hücreleri)

CYP4Z1 is overexpressed in breast cancer cells.

Remaining cancer cells were weakly stained or negative.

CPZ4Z1 is likewise overexpressed in ovarian cancer cells.

red blood cells   (Kırmızı kan hücreleri)

Oxygen binds with red blood cells in the blood stream.

This parasite then enters and destroys red blood cells.

In the bilayer of red blood cells is phosphatidylserine.

solar cells   (Güneş hücreleri)

Inorganic solar cells have their own pros and cons.

field effect transistors, nanogenerators and solar cells.

Using a solar roof, solar cells can provide electric power.

epithelial cells   (epitel hücreleri)

Reactivation results in lytic infection of proximal epithelial cells.

In more advanced animals, many glands are formed of epithelial cells.

DCC induces cell death on epithelial cells when no netrin-1 is bound.

tumor cells   (Tümör hücreleri)

NO also partially mediates macrophage cytotoxicity against microbes and tumor cells.

Studies have shown that cephalopod ink is toxic to some cells, including tumor cells.

This is also how tumor cells are able to spread from one mass of cells into other organs.

endothelial cells

The sporozoites invade macrophages or endothelial cells.

APC has anti-inflammatory effects on endothelial cells and leukocytes.

The expression of the endoglin gene is usually low in resting endothelial cells.

fuel cells

This is the basis of all batteries and fuel cells.

These fuel cells are at an early stage of development.

The first fuel cells were invented in 1838.

muscle cells   (Kas hücreleri)

In muscle cells, it regulates calcium ion concentration.

The fibrous cap contains macrophages and smooth muscle cells.

His muscle cells synthesized two forms of β-enolase, each carrying a different mutation.

white blood cells

It can also damage hair follicles and white blood cells.

Above this is a whitish layer of white blood cells (the "phlegm").

Jawed vertebrates have an adaptive immune system, based largely on white blood cells.

dendritic cells

The "GATA1" gene also regulates the maturation of eosinophils and dendritic cells.

Monocyte-derived dendritic cells of alcohol users have increased HDAC gene expression compared to non-users.

This ability appears in several APCs, mainly plasmacytoid dendritic cells in tissues that stimulate CD8+ T cells directly.

immune cells   (bağışıklık hücreleri)

The meningeal lymphatics also carry immune cells.

The toxin is delivered to phagocytic immune cells upon contact.

Chemoattractants in eukaryotes are well characterized for immune cells.

eukaryotic cells   (ökaryotik hücreler)

The nucleus is an organelle found in eukaryotic cells.

Centrioles are found in most eukaryotic cells.

The eukaryotic cells emerged between 1.6–2.7 billion years ago.

living cells

It can be found in most living cells.

The light emission is continuous and occurs only in living cells.

Bones consist of living cells embedded in a mineralized organic matrix.

human cells   (insan hücreleri)

Canarypox can enter human cells, but it cannot survive and multiply in human cells.

In addition to these, human cells have many hundreds of copies of the mitochondrial genome.

mammalian cells   (memeli hücreleri)

It is present in two forms in mammalian cells, TK1 and TK2.

(1998) revealed that neighboring origins fire simultaneously in mammalian cells.

Consistent with this idea, Bezlotoxumab blocks binding of TcdB to mammalian cells.

hair cells

Outer hair cells respond primarily to low-intensity sounds.

Different groups of hair cells are responsive to different frequencies.

Outer hair cells serve as acoustic amplifiers for stimulation of the inner hair cells.

nerve cells   (sinir hücreleri)

The myelin sheath allows nerve cells to conduct signals faster.

A pseudoganglion has no nerve cells but nerve fibres are present.

These channels are responsible for propagation of electrical signals in nerve cells.

other cells   (diğer hücreler)

No other cells can pass on inherited characters.

These secrete enzymes that allow the parasite to enter other cells.

The merozoites are released by lysing the host cell, which in turn invade other cells.

host cells

These are released by lysis of the host cells, which group together.

There are a variety of methods available to deliver genes to host cells.

"Chlamydiae" have the ability to establish long-term associations with host cells.

plant cells

Not all plant cells will grow to the same length.

The bacteria will attach to many of the plant cells exposed by the cuts.

Unlike plant cells, animal cells have neither a cell wall nor chloroplasts.

progenitor cells   (Öncü hücreler)

Some intermediate progenitor cells migrate via the rostral migratory stream to the olfactory bulb and differentiate further.

Research is still going on – with first promising results particularly for FGF-1 and utilization of endothelial progenitor cells.

Intermediate progenitor cell Intermediate progenitor cells (IPCs) are a type of progenitor cell in the developing cerebral cortex.

embryonic stem cells   (embriyonik kök hücreleri)

Fbxo15 is a protein expressed in undifferentiated embryonic stem cells.

In animals it is necessary to ensure that the inserted DNA is present in the embryonic stem cells.

glial cells

Kir2, however, are expressed in brain neurons and glial cells.

Often, the glial cells will form a seamless sheath completely around the blood space.

In the peripheral nervous system axons are myelinated by glial cells known as Schwann cells.

mast cells   (Mast hücreleri)

MCT mast cells found in the mucosa are stabilised."

These two eye conditions are mediated by mast cells.

It inhibits the degranulation of mast cells.

daughter cells

The cytoplasm then separates, creating multiple daughter cells.

It divides by simple binary fission to form two smaller daughter cells.

The ultimate result of mitosis is the formation of two identical daughter cells.

ganglion cells   (ganglion hücreleri)

Achalasia is caused by a loss of ganglion cells in the myenteric plexus.

It is much thinner than the inner plexiform layer, where amacrine cells synapse with retinal ganglion cells.

Patients suspected of having the disease undergo rectal biopsy to look for the presence or absence of ganglion cells.

germ cells   (germ hücreleri)

This gene is X-linked and is expressed in only male germ cells.

During meiosis, diploid cells divide twice to produce haploid germ cells.

This pathway is employed in the erasure of CpG methylation (5mC) in primordial germ cells.

cells within

The abundance of living cells within and on sea ice ranges from 10-10 cells/mL.

During this time the photosensitizer accumulates in the target cells within the AK lesion.

True multicellular organisms formed as cells within colonies became increasingly specialized.

individual cells

Some inmates with special needs are housed in individual cells.

This occurs when individual cells or groups of cells grow longer.

Their individual cells are constructed using wood particles and mud.

normal cells

Clastosomes are not typically present in normal cells, making them hard to detect.

It seems to enhance aerobic glycolysis in normal cells, but suppress glycolysis in cancer cells.

Deletion of thymidine kinase (TK) from the JX-594 genome prevents virus replication in normal cells.

smooth muscle cells   (düz kas hücreleri)

The fibrous cap contains macrophages and smooth muscle cells.

It does not stimulate as much prostacyclin and NO to induce relaxation on smooth muscle cells.

The underlying pathology of CADASIL is progressive hypertrophy of the smooth muscle cells in blood vessels.

somatic cells   (somatik hücreler)

Shortening of the telomeres is a normal process in somatic cells.

Their increased size is attributed to being polyploid somatic cells.

The same technique, using somatic cells, was later used to create Dolly the Sheep.

plasma cells   (Plazma hücreleri)

It is CD20 negative, and has an immunophenotype that resembles plasma cells.

The negative cells can then be expanded and used for the fusion with TK+ plasma cells.

However, the immunophenotype resembles plasma cells: CD45-, CD20-, CD79a+/-, PAX5-, CD38+, CD138+ and MUM1+.

target cells   (hedef hücreler)

The target cells are those of mononuclear phagocyte system.

It converts intracellularly to TFV diphosphate, which is a metabolite in HIV target cells.

During this time the photosensitizer accumulates in the target cells within the AK lesion.

brain cells   (beyin hücreleri)

Cats lose brain cells as they age, just as humans do.

Other cells such as muscle and brain cells do not contain glucose 6-phosphatase.

As brain cells die, brain tissue continues to deteriorate, which may affect the functioning of the ARAS.

between cells

Water in and between cells in the plant freezes and expands, causing tissue damage.

Its composition varies between cells, but collagens are the most abundant protein in the ECM.

Ice crystals can also disrupt connections between cells that are necessary for organs to function.

all cells

Not all cells in a multicellular plant contain chloroplasts.

For all cells, membrane fluidity is important for many reasons.

Not all cells must be "filled-in" by producing an associated work product.

animal cells   (hayvan hücreleri)

The nucleus is the largest organelle in animal cells.

IF proteins are found in all animal cells as well as bacteria.

Unlike plant cells, animal cells have neither a cell wall nor chloroplasts.

infected cells   (enfekte hücreler)

PVL creates pores in the membranes of infected cells.

Single-stranded DNA is usually expanded to double-stranded in infected cells.

SPI-1 influences the host range and SPI-3 stops infected cells from fusing together.

number of cells   (hücre sayısı)

It has a number of cells facing a central courtyard, in which a stupa was established.

In turn, he divided the shells into a number of cells each of which contained one pair of electrons.

The number of cells were increased in 1867 and the facility became a long-term military prison in 1868.

beta cells

Diazoxide works by opening the K channels of the beta cells.

Five weeks later, the pancreatic alpha and beta cells have begun to emerge.

Islet cell transplantation has the possibility of restoring beta cells and curing diabetes.

liver cells

His research in dogs demonstrated that liver cells had an almost unlimited ability to regenerate.

The Nematode wanders through the host liver causing loss of liver cells and thereby loss of function.

It has been suggested that PCSK9 causes FH mainly by reducing the number of LDL receptors on liver cells.

bacterial cells

As few as 15 bacterial cells can cause food-borne illness.

In eukaryotic and some bacterial cells the replisomes are not formed.

Ehrlich noted certain dyes would color human, animal, or bacterial cells, whereas others did not.

yeast cells   (maya hücreleri)

In addition to budding yeast cells and pseudohyphae, yeasts such as "Candida albicans" may form true hyphae.

During the fermentation process, yeast cells in the must continue to convert sugar into alcohol until the must reaches an alcohol level of 16%–18%.

He wrote that "alcoholic fermentation is an act correlated with the life and organization of the yeast cells, not with the death or putrefaction of the cells."

cells through

LDL enters the cells through receptor-mediated endocytosis.

It attaches to nasopharyngeal cells through interaction of bacterial surface adhesins.

After it reaches the blood stream, it damages the kidneys, the liver and blood cells through oxidation reactions.

cancerous cells   (kanserli hücreler)

DCC's possible role in migration of cancerous cells is in the process of being characterized.

The receptor increase on cancerous cells has been document as two to twelve times that of healthy cells.

Administration of 5-FU causes a scarcity in dTMP, so rapidly dividing cancerous cells undergo cell death via thymineless death.

cells called

These are lined by flagellated cells called choanocytes.

These are lined by flagellated cells called choanocytes which move the water along.

It is a thin layer of simple, or single-layered, squamous cells called endothelial cells.

skin cells

"B.hostilis" feeds on dead skin cells and can cause severe damage to gills.

These proteins form the glue that keeps skin cells attached and the skin intact.

It is a keratolytic agent, which reduces the growth rate of skin cells and softens the skin's keratin.

single cells

I Wing holds 100 prisoners in 50 double cells, while L wing has 6 double cells and 58 single cells.

Accommodation at the prison is divided into 6 Houseblocks, with a total of 180 double cells and 614 single cells.

Estimates of the number of metabolites in single cells such as "E. coli" and baker's yeast predict that under 1,000 are made.

sperm cells   (sperm hücreleri)

Most of them produce sperm cells that do not contain any plastids.

During copulation, sperm cells are transferred to the female to fertilize the egg.

The oocyte will react on the somatic cell nucleus, the same way it would on sperm cells.

cells such   (hücreler böyle)

Dimers containing only A units also occur within cells such as platelets.

Other cells such as muscle and brain cells do not contain glucose 6-phosphatase.

The rough endoplasmic reticulum is especially prominent in cells such as hepatocytes.

pluripotent stem cells   (pluripotent kök hücreler)

After Dolly, researchers realised that ordinary cells could be reprogrammed to induced pluripotent stem cells which can be grown into any tissue.

One study involves the replacement of damaged hair cells with regenerated cells, via the mechanism of gene transfer of atonal gene Math1 to pluripotent stem cells within the inner ear.

In fact, targeting of KBP is required to prevent an unscheduled mitochondrial biogenesis that, in naïve pluripotent stem cells, causes increased mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation and production of reactive oxygen species.

cells during

Zebrafish have the ability to regenerate their heart and lateral line hair cells during their larval stages.

Glut1 regulation is associated with the activation of CD4+ T cells, thus its expression can be used track the loss of CD4+ T cells during HIV.

He would go on to show that foods derived from animal tissue, and cooked apricots also had a positive effect of increasing red blood cells during anemia.

prison cells   (hapishane hücreleri)

The prison cells typically measured by and high.

In smaller prison cells one could keep seven prisoners and several dozens in bigger ones.

The factory is also suspected of using child labour and locked workplaces analogous to prison cells.

types of cells

The following types of cells play a huge part in this control process.

Bone is a metabolically active tissue composed of several types of cells.

Many types of cells export proteins produced by ribosomes attached to the rough ER.

precursor cells   (öncü hücreler)

Megakaryoblasts are hematological precursor cells which mature to megakaryocytes.

Progenitor cells such as the hematopoietic stem cell divide in a process called mitosis to produce precursor cells.

granulocyte macrophage colony stimulating factor, interleukin 3, interleukin 5) that: a) cause bone marrow precursor cells, i.e.

photovoltaic cells

Thin-film photovoltaic cells were included in Time Magazine's Best Inventions of 2008.

The efficiency of devices such as photovoltaic cells requires an analysis from the standpoint of quantum mechanics.

Germanium is the substrate of the wafers for high-efficiency multijunction photovoltaic cells for space applications.

breast cancer cells   (meme kanseri hücreleri)

CYP4Z1 is overexpressed in breast cancer cells.

Calyculin A was studied in an experiment that used breast cancer cells.

Aluminium increases estrogen-related gene expression in human breast cancer cells cultured in the laboratory.