He gave encouragement to Jewish soldiers and sailors.
Up to 323 soldiers and sailors were killed.
The rest of the 486 soldiers and sailors on board were killed.
Active duty regulations allow federal soldiers, airmen, sailors and marines to accept but not to wear state awards.
Six companies of the West Africa Regiment, two from the 1st Nigerians, one from the Gold Coast Regiment, and about 100 Royal Navy sailors and marines were assigned to the task.
The sailors and marines of the Carthaginian navy were predominantly recruited from the Phoenician citizenry, unlike the multiethnic allied and mercenary troops of the Carthaginian armies.