long vowels   (長母音)

Both the glottal stop ⟨ʼ⟩ and long vowels (e.g.

Bade and Ngizim have long vowels in closed syllables.

(Hawaiian Braille uses the same convention for its long vowels.)

short vowels   (短い母音)

Additionally, short vowels can also be voiceless.

Long and short vowels (but not schwa) contrast.

Unstressed short vowels, especially , are deleted in many contexts.

nasal vowels   (鼻の母音)

There are five nasal vowels, also long and short: .

Ligbi has seven oral and seven nasal vowels.

The nasal vowels are represented by the vowel plus , or .

front vowels   (前母音)

The mid front vowels are lower when short than long: .

The close front vowels usually use the consonant י "y" as a mater lectionis.

is generally high-tongued after front vowels, and is slightly lowered elsewhere.

between vowels

In the northern part of Southern Jutland, these sounds are voiced fricatives between vowels, i.e.

The equal distribution between vowels and consonants has been used as an argument against the non-lexical interpretation.

Similarly, "t" between vowels is pronounced as in English "thin", and "p" in the same position is the bilabial fricative .